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José Bernardo Alzedo

José Bernardo Alcedo (August 20, 1788 – December 28, 1878) was a Peruvian composer.

Alcedo was born in Lima, Peru. He studied music at the Convento de San Agustín and, at 18 years of age, composed the Misa en Re Mayor (Mass in D Major). In 1806 he was Dominican friar, but his behaviour in this religious Order was relaxed.

Alcedo was the winner of an 1821 contest sponsored by General José de San Martín to choose a himno nacional (national anthem) for Peru. This anthem was "Somos libres, seámoslo siempre," to words by José de la Torre Ugarte.

In 1822 Alcedo went to Chile as a soldier in a military band. In Santiago de Chile he left the military and dedicated himself to music. In 1833 he entered the choir of the Cathedral of Santiago. In 1846 he became kapellmeister. He resided in Chile for 40 years, returning to Peru in 1864. He became director of the Peruvian military band and president of the Philharmonic. He spent the last years of his life in Peru. He wrote the book Filosofía Elemental de la Música (Elementary Philosophy of Music) (1869), where he explored the subject of the music of the Quechuas. He composed folk songs, numerous religious works, and military music.

Birth and Death Data: Born August 20th, 1788 (Lima), Died Lima

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1908 - 1928

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer


Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BVE-36011 10-in. 7/30/1926 Himno nacional del Perú Coro de Hombres ; Antonio P. Utrera Male vocal chorus and soloist, with orchestra composer  
Victor L-190 10-in. 9/9/1913 Himno nacional del Perú Banda de la Escuela Correccional de Lima Band composer  
Victor G-2314 10-in. 8/29/1917 Himno nacional peruano Banda del Batallón Gendarmes No. 1 Band composer  
Victor G-2430 10-in. 9/16/1917 Himno nacional del Perú Coro de la Sociedad "G. Verdi" Mixed vocal chorus, with orchestra composer  
Columbia 5444 10-in. approximately 1901-1908 Himno nacional del Peru Curti's Band Band composer  
Brunswick E28884 10-in. 12/8/1928 Himno nacional de Peru Orquesta Peruana de Daniel A. Robles Orchestra composer  


Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Alzedo, José Bernardo," accessed October 26, 2020,

Alzedo, José Bernardo. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 26, 2020, from

"Alzedo, José Bernardo." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 26 October 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier



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