Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 226-250 of 566 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BS-77688 10-in. 9/19/1933 Rhythmic activity Olga Mendoza Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-77870 10-in. 10/27/1933 Carnival : March Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-77891 10-in. 11/3/1933 Gigue Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-77892 10-in. 11/3/1933 Rhineland song Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-77893 10-in. 11/3/1933 Surprise symphony : Andante Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-77994 10-in. 9/28/1933 Rhythmic activity Olga Mendoza Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-78483 10-in. 12/4/1933 Roundeley (Rondo) Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-81550 12-in. 1/19/1934 Träumerei Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra ; Eugene Ormandy String orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-81569 12-in. 1/22/1934 Symphony no. 4, in D minor Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra ; Eugene Ormandy Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-81570 12-in. 1/22/1934 Symphony no. 4, in D minor Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra ; Eugene Ormandy Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-81571 12-in. 1/22/1934 Symphony no. 4, in D minor Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra ; Eugene Ormandy Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-81572 12-in. 1/22/1934 Symphony no. 4, in D minor Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra ; Eugene Ormandy Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-81573 12-in. 1/22/1934 Symphony no. 4, in D minor Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra ; Eugene Ormandy Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-81574 12-in. 1/22/1934 Symphony no. 4, in D minor Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra ; Eugene Ormandy Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-82158 10-in. 3/30/1934 Skips and gallops Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-83161 10-in. 6/1/1934 Phrasing Victor Orchestra Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-87052 10-in. 12/20/1934 Quintette (Excerpt) Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-88971 10-in. 5/21/1935 It was a lover and his lass Bruno Reibold Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BS-88974 10-in. 5/21/1935 Minnelied (15th century folk tune) Victor Orchestra Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor CVE-89259 12-in. 4/4/1935 Evening song S. Archer Gibson Organ solo composer  
Victor BVE-89288 10-in. 4/22/1935 Abendlied André Benoist ; Albert Spalding Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor BS-92015 10-in. 5/21/1935 Träumerei André Benoist ; Albert Spalding Violin and piano duet composer  
Victor CS-92223 12-in. 6/7/1935 Toccata in C major Josef Lhévinne Piano solo composer  
Victor CS-92224 12-in. 6/7/1935 Toccata in C major Josef Lhévinne Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-92490 10-in. 9/11/1935 Comin' thro' the rye Myrtle C. Eaver ; Helen Jepson Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
(Results 226-250 of 566 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed December 7, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

Schumann, Robert. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 7, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 7 December 2022.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855

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