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Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 251-275 of 567 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BS-95615 10-in. 10/17/1935 Die Kartenlegerin Ernő Balogh ; Lotte Lehmann Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BS-95616 10-in. 10/17/1935 Waldesgepräch Ernő Balogh ; Lotte Lehmann Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor CS-99076 12-in. 2/11/1936 Eusebius Elisabeth Orr Swan Piano solo composer  
Victor BVE-[Unnumbered 1926-05-20-01] 10-in. 5/20/1926 Bird as a prophet Ignace Jan Paderewski Piano solo composer  
Victor G-2128 10-in. 6/27/1917 Los dos granaderos Leopoldo Gutiérrez Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor CS-03141 12-in. 12/13/1936 Symphony no. 2, in C major Eugene Ormandy ; Philadelphia Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-03142 12-in. 12/13/1936 Symphony no. 2, in C major Eugene Ormandy ; Philadelphia Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-03143 12-in. 12/13/1936 Symphony no. 2, in C major Eugene Ormandy ; Philadelphia Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-03144 12-in. 12/13/1936 Symphony no. 2, in C major Eugene Ormandy ; Philadelphia Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-03145 12-in. 12/13/1936 Symphony no. 2, in C major Eugene Ormandy ; Philadelphia Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-03146 12-in. 12/13/1936 Symphony no. 2, in C major Eugene Ormandy ; Philadelphia Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-03147 12-in. 12/13/1936 Symphony no. 2, in C major Eugene Ormandy ; Philadelphia Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-03148 12-in. 12/13/1936 Symphony no. 2, in C major Eugene Ormandy ; Philadelphia Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-03189 12-in. 1/9/1937 Symphony no. 2, in C major Eugene Ormandy ; Philadelphia Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-03190 12-in. 1/9/1937 Symphony no. 2, in C major Eugene Ormandy ; Philadelphia Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-04004 12-in. 1/10/1937 Abendlied Charles M. Courboin Organ solo composer  
Victor BS-06662 10-in. 3/16/1937 Alte Laute Ernő Balogh ; Lotte Lehmann Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BS-06663 10-in. 3/16/1937 Du bist wie eine Blume (thou art like a flower) Ernő Balogh ; Lotte Lehmann Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor PBS-09788 10-in. 11/4/1937 Träumerei Esther McNiff Curtis Symphonet solo composer  
Victor BS-017026 10-in. 11/11/1937 Liederkreis Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BS-017027 10-in. 11/11/1937 Liederkreis Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BS-017028 10-in. 11/11/1937 Liederkreis Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BS-017029 10-in. 11/11/1937 Liederkreis Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BS-017030 10-in. 11/11/1937 Liederkreis Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BS-017031 10-in. 11/11/1937 Liederkreis Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
(Results 251-275 of 567 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed January 30, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

Schumann, Robert. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 30, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 30 January 2023.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855

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