Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 276-300 of 567 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor BS-017032 10-in. 11/11/1937 Liederkreis Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BS-017033 10-in. 11/11/1937 Liederkreis Fritz Kitzinger ; Friedrich Schorr Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor CS-017324 12-in. 11/26/1937 Quartet for piano and strings, in E flat major Kolisch Quartett String trio and piano composer  
Victor CS-017325 12-in. 11/26/1937 Quartet for piano and strings, in E flat major Kolisch Quartett String trio and piano composer  
Victor CS-017326 12-in. 11/26/1937 Quartet for piano and strings, in E flat major Kolisch Quartett String trio and piano composer  
Victor CS-017327 12-in. 11/26/1937 Quartet for piano and strings, in E flat major Kolisch Quartett String trio and piano composer  
Victor CS-017328 12-in. 11/26/1937 Quartet for piano and strings, in E flat major Kolisch Quartett String trio and piano composer  
Victor CS-017329 12-in. 11/26/1937 Quartet for piano and strings, in E flat major Kolisch Quartett String trio and piano composer  
Victor CS-018860 12-in. 2/9/1938 Concerto in D minor John Barbirolli ; Yehudi Menuhin ; New York Philharmonic Violin and orchestra composer  
Victor CS-018861 12-in. 2/9/1938 Concerto in D minor John Barbirolli ; Yehudi Menuhin ; New York Philharmonic Violin and orchestra composer  
Victor CS-018862 12-in. 2/9/1938 Concerto in D minor John Barbirolli ; Yehudi Menuhin ; New York Philharmonic Violin and orchestra composer  
Victor CS-018863 12-in. 2/9/1938 Concerto in D minor John Barbirolli ; Yehudi Menuhin ; New York Philharmonic Violin and orchestra composer  
Victor CS-018864 12-in. 2/9/1938 Concerto in D minor John Barbirolli ; Yehudi Menuhin ; New York Philharmonic Violin and orchestra composer  
Victor CS-018865 12-in. 2/9/1938 Concerto in D minor John Barbirolli ; Yehudi Menuhin ; New York Philharmonic Violin and orchestra composer  
Victor CS-018866 12-in. 2/9/1938 Concerto in D minor John Barbirolli ; Yehudi Menuhin ; New York Philharmonic Violin and orchestra composer  
Victor CS-023558 12-in. 6/10/1938 Quartet no. 2 in F major Kreiner Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor CS-023559 12-in. 6/10/1938 Quartet no. 2 in F major Kreiner Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor CS-023560 12-in. 6/10/1938 Quartet no. 2 in F major Kreiner Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor CS-023561 12-in. 6/10/1938 Quartet no. 2 in F major Kreiner Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor CS-023562 12-in. 6/10/1938 Quartet no. 2 in F major Kreiner Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor BS-031860 10-in. 1/30/1939 Er und sie Lotte Lehmann ; Lauritz Melchior Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with orchestra composer  
Victor BS-031861 10-in. 1/30/1939 So wahr die Sonne scheinet (True as the sun shines) Lotte Lehmann ; Lauritz Melchior Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with orchestra composer  
Victor BS-031862 10-in. 1/30/1939 Familien Gemalde Lotte Lehmann ; Lauritz Melchior Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with orchestra composer  
Victor BS-031863 10-in. 1/30/1939 Ich denke dein Lotte Lehmann ; Lauritz Melchior Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with orchestra composer  
Victor CS-043915 12-in. 11/24/1939 Die Beider Grenadieren Celius Dougherty ; Alexander Kipnis Bass vocal solo, with piano composer  
(Results 276-300 of 567 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed January 27, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

Schumann, Robert. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 27, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 27 January 2023.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855

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