Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 26-50 of 567 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor CVE-3165 12-in. 9/11/1925 Les deux grenadiers Marcel Journet Bass vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-3169 12-in. 3/8/1906 Les deux grenadiers Pol Plançon Bass vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-3485 10-in. 6/21/1906 Träumerei Rosario Bourdon Cello solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor E-4046 8-in. 11/15/1906 Träumerei Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-4821 12-in. 9/19/1907 Two grenadiers Arthur Pryor's Band ; Arthur Pryor Trombone solo, with band composer  
Victor B-4905 10-in. 11/5/1907 The voice of love Emil Keneke ; Darius Lyons Flute and cornet duet, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-5016 10-in. 1/14/1908 Widmung Johanna Gadski Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-5047 12-in. 1/30/1908 Der Nussbaum Marcella Sembrich Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-5064 10-in. 2/6/1908 Träumerei Victor E. Sorlin Cello solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-6168 10-in. 5/5/1908 Träumerei Howard Rattay Violin solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-7020 12-in. 4/29/1909 The two grenadiers Reinald Werrenrath Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-7020 12-in. 8/3/1925 Two grenadiers Reinald Werrenrath Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-8039 12-in. 6/10/1909 Mondnacht Evan Williams Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-8162 10-in. 8/20/1909 Traumerei Victor String Quartet String quartet composer  
Victor C-8233 12-in. 9/17/1909 Monadnacht Ernestine Schumann-Heink ; Victor Orchestra Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-8233 10-in. 10/4/1923 Mondnacht Ernestine Schumann-Heink Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-8287 12-in. 10/7/1909 Mondnacht Evan Williams Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-8859 10-in. 4/18/1910 Schumann suite Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor B-8860 10-in. 4/18/1910 Schumann suite Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor B-9015 10-in. 5/25/1910 Träumerei Maud Powell Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-9952 10-in. 2/12/1911 Träumerei Mischa Elman Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor BVE-9952 10-in. 10/29/1928 Träumerei Mischa Elman Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-10275 10-in. 5/5/1911 Träumerei Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-10278 10-in. 5/5/1911 Ich grolle nicht Jeanne Gerville-Réache ; Victor Orchestra Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-10495 10-in. 5/23/1911 Nussbaum Ethel S. Elliot Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
(Results 26-50 of 567 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed December 10, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

Schumann, Robert. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 10, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 10 December 2022.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855

Wikipedia content provided under the terms of the Creative Commons BY-SA license

Feedback

Send the Editors a message about this record.