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Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 551-567 of 567 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Columbia (U.K.) WL585 10-in. approximately September 14, 1927 La fleur de lotus Maurice Le Boucher ; Charlotte Mellot-Joubert Mezzo-soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1198 10-in. 6/20/1928 Etudes symphoniques, 1re partie Robert Casadesus Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1199 10-in. 6/20/1928 Etudes symphoniques, 2e partie Robert Casadesus Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1200 10-in. 6/20/1928 Etudes symphoniques, 3e partie Robert Casadesus Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1201 10-in. 6/20/1928 Etudes symphoniques, 4e partie Robert Casadesus Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1213 10-in. 6/28/1928 Etudes symphoniques, 5e partie Robert Casadesus Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1214 10-in. 6/28/1928 Etudes symphoniques, 6e partie Robert Casadesus Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1215 10-in. 6/28/1928 Etudes symphoniques, 7e partie Robert Casadesus Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1216 10-in. 6/28/1928 L'oiseau prophete Robert Casadesus Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1217 10-in. 7/3/1928 Romance No. 2 Francis Planté Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WLX1447 12-in. 12/26/1930 Les deux grenadiers Armand Bernard ; Armand Narçon Bass vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CLX1822 12-in. 1/19/1935 Depuis l'heure exquise Jean Doyen ; Germaine Martinelli Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia (U.K.) CLX1823 12-in. 1/19/1935 Hélas je n'ose le croire Jean Doyen ; Germaine Martinelli Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL2287 10-in. 5/14/1930 Hommes et pays nouveaux; Curieuse histoire; Cache-cache; L’entant prie Yves Nat Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL2288 10-in. 5/14/1930 Bonheur parfait; Grave événement; Rêverie Yves Nat Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL2289 10-in. 5/14/1930 Au coin du feu; Sur le cheval de bois; Presque trop sérieux Yves Nat Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL2290 10-in. 5/14/1930 Faire peur; L'enfant s'endort; Le poète parle Yves Nat Piano solo composer  
(Results 551-567 of 567 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed February 8, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

Schumann, Robert. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 8 February 2023.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855

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