Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 76-100 of 566 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor C-13351 12-in. 5/24/1913 Birds in the woods Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-13475 10-in. 6/25/1913 Träumerei Sascha Jacobsen Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-13867 10-in. 9/26/1913 Provenzalisches Lied George Hamlin Tenor vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-13893 10-in. 10/1/1913 Abendlied Jan Kubelík Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-14207 10-in. 12/15/1913 Spring song Olive Kline Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BVE-14207 10-in. 11/19/1926 Spring song Alice Green Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-14377 12-in. 1/26/1914 Mondnacht Julia Culp Contralto vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-14377 10-in. 12/28/1915 Mondnacht Julia Culp Contralto vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-14430 10-in. 2/9/1914 Hay Baloo Elsie Baker Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-14484 10-in. 2/19/1914 Dance of the fairies Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-14557 10-in. 3/6/1914 Der Nussbaum Alma Gluck Soprano vocal solo, with violin, harp, and orchestra composer  
Victor B-14618 10-in. 3/23/1914 Du bist wie eine Blume Paul Reimers Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-14682 10-in. 4/8/1914 Vogels als Prophet Mischa Elman Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-14750 10-in. 4/22/1914 Widmung Margarethe Arndt-Ober Contralto vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-14778 12-in. 4/29/1914 Warum? Ignace Jan Paderewski Piano solo composer  
Victor C-14807 12-in. 5/7/1914 Die Lotusblume Johanna Gadski Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-14808 12-in. 5/7/1914 Mondnacht Johanna Gadski Soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-14841 10-in. 5/19/1914 Der Schmied (The blacksmith) Christine Miller Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-15013 10-in. 6/25/1914 Träumerei Maud Powell Violin solo, with second violin, viola, cello, and tuba (or bass) composer  
Victor C-15691 12-in. 2/8/1915 Mondnacht Johanna Gadski Female vocal solo, with string quartet composer  
Victor B-15715 10-in. 2/18/1915 Ich grolle nicht Carl Schlegel Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-15888 12-in. 4/13/1915 I due granatieri Titta Ruffo Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor C-15919 12-in. 4/17/1915 Adagio Beatrice Harrison Cello solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-15921 10-in. 4/20/1915 Träumerei Florentine Quartet Instrumental quartet composer  
Victor B-15942 10-in. 4/23/1915 Träumerei Fritz Kreisler Violin solo, with piano composer  
(Results 76-100 of 566 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed December 7, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

Schumann, Robert. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 7, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 7 December 2022.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855

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