Robert Schumann

Robert Schumann (German: [ˈʃuːman]; 8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with Wieck, who opposed the marriage, Schumann married Wieck's daughter Clara. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with psychotic melancholia, he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 8, 1810 (Zwickau), Died July 29, 1856 (Endenich)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1947

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 151-175 of 566 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-29685 10-in. 3/19/1924 Widmung Cecilia Hansen Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-30758 10-in. 9/9/1924 Traumerei Mark Andrews Pipe organ solo composer  
Victor BVE-30758 10-in. 12/30/1925 Träumerei Mark Andrews Pipe organ solo composer  
Victor B-30782 10-in. 9/8/1924 Lightly row Hazel Gertrude Kinscella Piano solo, with orchestra (for instruction) composer  
Victor BVE-30782 10-in. 8/10/1926 Lightly row Hazel Gertrude Kinscella Piano solo, with orchestra (for instruction) composer  
Victor B-30787 10-in. 9/8/1924 Minuet in G Hazel Gertrude Kinscella Piano solo, with orchestra (for instruction) composer  
Victor BVE-30787 10-in. 8/10/1926 Minuet in G Hazel Gertrude Kinscella Piano solo, with orchestra (for instruction) composer  
Victor B-30935 10-in. 9/23/1924 The prophet bird Vladimir de Pachmann Piano solo composer  
Victor B-31645 10-in. 1/8/1925 Canon in B minor Marcel Dupré Organ solo composer  
Victor B-31856 10-in. 2/18/1925 Soldiers' march Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-31856 10-in. 6/5/1925 Soldiers' march Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-32127 12-in. 4/3/1925 Evening song Pablo Casals Cello solo, with piano composer  
Victor BVE-32822 10-in. 5/26/1925 Novelette Jeanne Behrend Piano solo composer  
Victor B-32961 10-in. 7/15/1925 Auftraege Lillian Hunsicker Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BVE-33756 10-in. 11/5/1925 Evening song Victor String Ensemble Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor CVE-33757 12-in. 11/5/1925 Dreaming Victor String Ensemble Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-33757 10-in. 11/18/1925 Träumerei Victor String Ensemble Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-33998 12-in. 12/14/1925 Sotaveikot Jean Theslöf Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-34075 10-in. 1/5/1926 Träumerei Pablo Casals Cello solo, with piano composer  
Victor CVE-34134 12-in. 12/9/1925 Giannina mia Elva Kalb Female vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor BVE-34167 10-in. 12/18/1925 In the woods Lucrezia Bori ; John McCormack Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-35166 10-in. 6/1/1926 Instrumental combinations, no. 4 Victor Orchestra Instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor BVE-37128 10-in. 12/13/1926 The prophet bird Ignace Jan Paderewski Piano solo composer  
Victor BVE-37816 10-in. 2/14/1927 Woodwind Victor Orchestra Instructional composer  
Victor CVE-37856 12-in. 3/19/1927 Träumerei Edwin H. Lemare Pipe organ solo composer  
(Results 151-175 of 566 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schumann, Robert," accessed December 6, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

Schumann, Robert. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 6, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855.

"Schumann, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 6 December 2022.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101855

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