Jean-Philippe Rameau (French: [ʒɑ̃filip ʁamo]; (1683-09-25)25 September 1683 – (1764-09-12)12 September 1764) was one of the most important French composers and music theorists of the 18th century. He replaced Jean-Baptiste Lully as the dominant composer of French opera and is also considered the leading French composer for the harpsichord of his time, alongside François Couperin.
Little is known about Rameau's early years. It was not until the 1720s that he won fame as a major theorist of music with his Treatise on Harmony (1722) and also in the following years as a composer of masterpieces for the harpsichord, which circulated throughout Europe. He was almost 50 before he embarked on the operatic career on which his reputation chiefly rests today. His debut, Hippolyte et Aricie (1733), caused a great stir and was fiercely attacked by the supporters of Lully's style of music for its revolutionary use of harmony. Nevertheless, Rameau's pre-eminence in the field of French opera was soon acknowledged, and he was later attacked as an "establishment" composer by those who favoured Italian opera during the controversy known as the Querelle des Bouffons in the 1750s. Rameau's music had gone out of fashion by the end of the 18th century, and it was not until the 20th that serious efforts were made to revive it. Today, he enjoys renewed appreciation with performances and recordings of his music ever more frequent.
Birth and Death Data: Born 1683 (Dijon), Died September 12th, 1764 (Paris)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1908 - 1937
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||C-8943||12-in.||5/11/1910||Moment musicale||Fritz Kreisler||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-10811||12-in.||7/20/1911||Rossignols amoureux||Alma Gluck||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-11316||10-in.||11/28/1911||Vents furieux||Emma Eames||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-14646||10-in.||3/30/1914||Rustic dance||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-20097||10-in.||6/26/1917||Musette||Efrem Zimbalist||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-24729||10-in.||12/14/1920||Gavotte||Ada Sassoli||Harp solo||composer|
|Victor||B-28806||10-in.||10/29/1923||Rigaudons et tambourine||Wanda Landowska||Harpsichord solo||composer|
|Victor||B-30932||10-in.||9/24/1924||Tambourin||Jascha Heifetz||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||BVE-31640||10-in.||6/11/1925||Tambourin||Shura Cherkassky||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||B-31640||10-in.||1/9/1925||Tambourin||Shura Cherkassky||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||BVE-32526||10-in.||4/20/1925||Tambourin||Guiomar Novaës||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||BVE-32872||10-in.||6/5/1925||Fundamentals of musical development||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-35382||10-in.||5/8/1926||Le tambourin||Wanda Landowska||Harpsichord solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-55387||10-in.||9/5/1929||Will o' the wisp (Rondo)||Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CS-87204||12-in.||12/26/1934||Célèbre menuet||Marietta Bitter ; Sadah Schuhari||Violin and harp duet||composer|
|Victor||BS-010042||10-in.||5/24/1937||La Timide||Georges Barrère ; Horace Britt ; Carlos Salzedo||Flute, cello, and harp||composer|
|Victor||BS-010043||10-in.||5/24/1937||La pantomime||Georges Barrère ; Horace Britt ; Carlos Salzedo||Flute, cello, and harp||composer|
|Victor||BS-010044||10-in.||5/24/1937||La cupis||Georges Barrère ; Horace Britt ; Carlos Salzedo||Flute, cello, and harp||composer|
|Victor||BS-010045||10-in.||5/24/1937||Tambourins||Georges Barrère ; Horace Britt ; Carlos Salzedo||Flute, cello, and harp||composer|
|Columbia||6625||12-in.||approximately 1915||Platée-Menuet||Hamilton Harty ; W. H. Squire||Cello solo, with piano||composer|
|Brunswick||E15783-E15784||10-in.||5/21/1925||Rondeau||Lewis Richards||Harpsichord solo||composer|
|Brunswick||E18713-E18715||10-in.||4/8/1926||Rondeau||Lewis Richards||Harpsichord solo||composer|
|Gramophone||Bb983||10-in.||2/7/1922||Tambourin||Jacques Thibaud||Violin solo||composer|
|Gramophone||5994h||10-in.||1908||Rigadon de Dardanus||Orchestre symphonique du Gramophone||Orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Rameau, Jean-Philippe," accessed August 1, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101856.
Rameau, Jean-Philippe. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved August 1, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101856.
"Rameau, Jean-Philippe." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 1 August 2021.
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