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Louis Armstrong

Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed "Satchmo", "Satch", and "Pops", was an American trumpeter, composer, vocalist, and actor who was among the most influential figures in jazz. His career spanned five decades, from the 1920s to the 1960s, and different eras in the history of jazz. In 2017, he was inducted into the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame.

Armstrong was born and raised in New Orleans. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an inventive trumpet and cornet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance. Around 1922, he followed his mentor, Joe "King" Oliver, to Chicago to play in the Creole Jazz Band. In Chicago, he spent time with other popular jazz musicians, reconnecting with his friend Bix Beiderbecke and spending time with Hoagy Carmichael and Lil Hardin. He earned a reputation at "cutting contests", and relocated to New York in order to join Fletcher Henderson's band.

With his instantly recognizable rich, gravelly voice, Armstrong was also an influential singer and skillful improviser, bending the lyrics and melody of a song. He was also skilled at scat singing. Armstrong is renowned for his charismatic stage presence and voice as well as his trumpet playing. By the end of Armstrong's career in the 1960s, his influence had spread to popular music in general. Armstrong was one of the first popular African-American entertainers to "cross over", meaning his music transcended his skin color in a racially divided America. He rarely publicly politicized his race, to the dismay of fellow African Americans, but took a well-publicized stand for desegregation in the Little Rock crisis. He was able to access the upper echelons of American society at a time when this was difficult for black men.

Armstrong appeared in films such as High Society (1956) alongside Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, and Frank Sinatra, and Hello, Dolly! (1969) starring Barbra Streisand. He received many accolades including three Grammy Award nominations and a win for his vocal performance of Hello, Dolly! in 1964.

Birth and Death Data: Born August 4th, 1901 (New Orleans), Died July 6th, 1971 (New York City;Corona)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1923 - 1969

Roles Represented in DAHR: trumpet, vocalist, leader, cornet, composer, speaker, songwriter, lyricist

Recordings (Results 51-75 of 728 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Columbia 140188 10-in. 12/17/1924 Screamin' the blues Maggie Jones Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia 140191 10-in. 12/17/1924 Good time flat blues Maggie Jones Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia 140226 10-in. 1/7/1925 Nobody knows the way I feel dis mornin' Clara Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet, trombone, and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia 140227 10-in. 1/7/1925 Broken busted blues Clara Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet, trombone, and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia 140241 10-in. 1/14/1925 St. Louis blues Bessie Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet and organ instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia 140242 10-in. 1/14/1925 Reckless blues Bessie Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet and organ instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia 140249 10-in. 1/14/1925 Sobbin' hearted blues Bessie Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia 140250 10-in. 1/14/1925 Cold in hand blues Louis Armstrong ; Fred Longshaw ; Bessie Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia 140251 10-in. 1/14/1925 You've been a good ole wagon Louis Armstrong ; Fred Longshaw ; Bessie Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia 140266 12-in. 1/17/1925 My John blues Clara Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia 140267 12-in. 1/17/1925 Shipwrecked blues Clara Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia W140491 10-in. 4/2/1925 Shipwrecked blues Clara Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia W140492 10-in. 4/2/1925 Court house blues Clara Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia W140493 10-in. 4/2/1925 My John blues Clara Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with instrumental trio instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia W140625 10-in. 5/26/1925 Nashville woman's blues Bessie Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet, trombone, and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia W140626 10-in. 5/26/1925 Careless love blues Bessie Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet, trombone, and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia W140629 10-in. 5/27/1925 J. C. Holmes blues Bessie Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet, trombone, and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia W140630 10-in. 5/27/1927 I ain't gonna play no second fiddle Bessie Smith Female vocal solo ("blues singer"), with cornet, trombone, and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
Columbia W140639 10-in. 5/29/1925 Sugar foot stomp Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Columbia W142426 10-in. 7/13/1926 Perdido Street blues New Orleans Wanderers Jazz/dance band composer  
Columbia W142427 10-in. 7/13/1926 Gate mouth New Orleans Wanderers Jazz/dance band composer  
Columbia W142428 10-in. 7/13/1926 Too tight New Orleans Wanderers Jazz/dance band composer  
Columbia W142429 10-in. 7/13/1926 Papa Dip New Orleans Wanderers Jazz/dance band composer  
Columbia W142436 10-in. 7/14/1926 Mixed salad New Orleans Bootblacks Jazz/dance band composer  
Columbia W142437 10-in. 7/14/1926 I can't say New Orleans Bootblacks Jazz/dance band composer  
(Results 51-75 of 728 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Armstrong, Louis," accessed February 26, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863.

Armstrong, Louis. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 26, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863.

"Armstrong, Louis." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 26 February 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863

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