Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed "Satchmo", "Satch", and "Pops", was an American trumpeter, composer, vocalist, and actor who was among the most influential figures in jazz. His career spanned five decades, from the 1920s to the 1960s, and different eras in the history of jazz. In 2017, he was inducted into the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame.
Armstrong was born and raised in New Orleans. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an inventive trumpet and cornet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance. Around 1922, he followed his mentor, Joe "King" Oliver, to Chicago to play in the Creole Jazz Band. In Chicago, he spent time with other popular jazz musicians, reconnecting with his friend Bix Beiderbecke and spending time with Hoagy Carmichael and Lil Hardin. He earned a reputation at "cutting contests", and relocated to New York in order to join Fletcher Henderson's band.
With his instantly recognizable rich, gravelly voice, Armstrong was also an influential singer and skillful improviser, bending the lyrics and melody of a song. He was also skilled at scat singing. Armstrong is renowned for his charismatic stage presence and voice as well as his trumpet playing. By the end of Armstrong's career in the 1960s, his influence had spread to popular music in general. Armstrong was one of the first popular African-American entertainers to "cross over", meaning his music transcended his skin color in a racially divided America. He rarely publicly politicized his race, to the dismay of fellow African Americans, but took a well-publicized stand for desegregation in the Little Rock crisis. He was able to access the upper echelons of American society at a time when this was difficult for black men.
Armstrong appeared in films such as High Society (1956) alongside Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, and Frank Sinatra, and Hello, Dolly! (1969) starring Barbra Streisand. He received many accolades including three Grammy Award nominations and a win for his vocal performance of Hello, Dolly! in 1964.
Birth and Death Data: Born August 4th, 1901 (New Orleans), Died July 6th, 1971 (New York City;Corona)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1923 - 1969
Roles Represented in DAHR: trumpet, vocalist, leader, cornet, composer, speaker, songwriter, lyricist
Recordings (Results 76-100 of 728 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Columbia||W142438||10-in.||7/14/1926||Flat foot||New Orleans Bootblacks||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Columbia||W142439||10-in.||7/14/1926||Mad dog||New Orleans Bootblacks||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Columbia||W146194||10-in.||4/25/1928||Dipper mouth blues||Johnnie Miller's New Orleans Frolickers||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Columbia||W151442||10-in.||3/19/1931||Sugar foot stomp||Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Columbia||W151885||10-in.||11/4/1931||Star dust||Louis Armstrong Orchestra||Dubbed recording : Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||vocalist, leader|
|Columbia||W152057||10-in.||11/5/1931||You can depend on me||Louis Armstrong Orchestra||Dubbed recording : Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||vocalist, leader|
|Columbia||W152058||10-in.||11/6/1931||I got rhythm||Louis Armstrong Orchestra||Dubbed recording : Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||vocalist, leader|
|Columbia||W152086||10-in.||1/25/1932||Between the devil and the deep blue sea||Louis Armstrong Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||leader, vocalist, instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Columbia||W152092||10-in.||1/27/1932||All of me||Louis Armstrong Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||vocalist, leader, instrumentalist, trumpet|
|Columbia||W152093||10-in.||1/27/1932||Home||Louis Armstrong Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||leader, vocalist, instrumentalist, trumpet|
|OKeh||8392||10-in.||6/22/1923||Sweet lovin' man||King Oliver’s Jazz Band||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, cornet|
|OKeh||8401||10-in.||6/23/1923||Where did you stay last night?||King Oliver’s Jazz Band||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|OKeh||8402||10-in.||6/23/1923||Dipper mouth blues||King Oliver’s Jazz Band||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|OKeh||8476||10-in.||Oct. 1923||Tears||King Oliver’s Jazz Band||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|OKeh||9456||10-in.||11/9/1925||Low land blues||Louis Armstrong ; Bertha Chippie Hill ; Richard M. Jones||Female vocal solo, with cornet and piano||instrumentalist, cornet|
|OKeh||9457||10-in.||11/9/1925||Kid man blues||Louis Armstrong ; Bertha Chippie Hill ; Richard M. Jones||Female vocal solo, with cornet and piano||instrumentalist, cornet|
|OKeh||9458||10-in.||11/9/1925||Lazy woman's blues||Blanche Calloway||Female vocal solo, with cornet and piano||instrumentalist, cornet|
|OKeh||9459||10-in.||11/9/1925||Lonesome lovesick||Louis Armstrong ; Blanche Calloway ; Richard M. Jones||Female vocal solo, with cornet and piano||instrumentalist, cornet|
|OKeh||9471||10-in.||11/11/1925||Gambler's dream||Hociel Thomas||Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance ensemble||instrumentalist, cornet|
|OKeh||9472||10-in.||11/11/1925||Sunshine baby||Hociel Thomas||Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance ensemble||instrumentalist, cornet|
|OKeh||9473||10-in.||11/11/1925||Adam and Eve had the blues||Louis Armstrong's Jazz Four ; Hociel Thomas||Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, cornet|
|OKeh||9474||10-in.||11/11/1925||Put it where I can get it||Louis Armstrong's Jazz Four ; Hociel Thomas||Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance ensemble||instrumentalist, cornet|
|OKeh||9475||10-in.||11/11/1925||Wash woman blues||Hociel Thomas||Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance ensemble||instrumentalist, cornet|
|OKeh||9476||10-in.||11/11/1925||I've stopped my man||Hociel Thomas||Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance ensemble||instrumentalist, cornet|
|OKeh||9484||10-in.||11/12/1925||My heart||Louis Armstrong ; Hot Five||Jazz/dance ensemble||leader, composer, instrumentalist, cornet|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Armstrong, Louis," accessed February 25, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863.
Armstrong, Louis. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 25, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863.
"Armstrong, Louis." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 25 February 2021.
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