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Louis Armstrong

Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed "Satchmo", "Satch", and "Pops", was an American trumpeter, composer, vocalist, and actor who was among the most influential figures in jazz. His career spanned five decades, from the 1920s to the 1960s, and different eras in the history of jazz. In 2017, he was inducted into the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame.

Armstrong was born and raised in New Orleans. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an inventive trumpet and cornet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance. Around 1922, he followed his mentor, Joe "King" Oliver, to Chicago to play in the Creole Jazz Band. In Chicago, he spent time with other popular jazz musicians, reconnecting with his friend Bix Beiderbecke and spending time with Hoagy Carmichael and Lil Hardin. He earned a reputation at "cutting contests", and relocated to New York in order to join Fletcher Henderson's band.

With his instantly recognizable rich, gravelly voice, Armstrong was also an influential singer and skillful improviser, bending the lyrics and melody of a song. He was also skilled at scat singing. Armstrong is renowned for his charismatic stage presence and voice as well as his trumpet playing. By the end of Armstrong's career in the 1960s, his influence had spread to popular music in general. Armstrong was one of the first popular African-American entertainers to "cross over", meaning his music transcended his skin color in a racially divided America. He rarely publicly politicized his race, to the dismay of fellow African Americans, but took a well-publicized stand for desegregation in the Little Rock crisis. He was able to access the upper echelons of American society at a time when this was difficult for black men.

Armstrong appeared in films such as High Society (1956) alongside Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, and Frank Sinatra, and Hello, Dolly! (1969) starring Barbra Streisand. He received many accolades including three Grammy Award nominations and a win for his vocal performance of Hello, Dolly! in 1964.

Birth and Death Data: Born August 4th, 1901 (New Orleans), Died July 6th, 1971 (New York City;Corona)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1923 - 1969

Roles Represented in DAHR: trumpet, vocalist, leader, cornet, composer, speaker, songwriter, lyricist

Recordings (Results 76-100 of 728 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Columbia W142438 10-in. 7/14/1926 Flat foot New Orleans Bootblacks Jazz/dance band composer  
Columbia W142439 10-in. 7/14/1926 Mad dog New Orleans Bootblacks Jazz/dance band composer  
Columbia W146194 10-in. 4/25/1928 Dipper mouth blues Johnnie Miller's New Orleans Frolickers Jazz/dance band composer  
Columbia W151442 10-in. 3/19/1931 Sugar foot stomp Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Columbia W151885 10-in. 11/4/1931 Star dust Louis Armstrong Orchestra Dubbed recording : Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo vocalist, leader  
Columbia W152057 10-in. 11/5/1931 You can depend on me Louis Armstrong Orchestra Dubbed recording : Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo vocalist, leader  
Columbia W152058 10-in. 11/6/1931 I got rhythm Louis Armstrong Orchestra Dubbed recording : Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo vocalist, leader  
Columbia W152086 10-in. 1/25/1932 Between the devil and the deep blue sea Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo leader, vocalist, instrumentalist, trumpet  
Columbia W152092 10-in. 1/27/1932 All of me Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo vocalist, leader, instrumentalist, trumpet  
Columbia W152093 10-in. 1/27/1932 Home Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo leader, vocalist, instrumentalist, trumpet  
OKeh 8392 10-in. 6/22/1923 Sweet lovin' man King Oliver’s Jazz Band Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh 8401 10-in. 6/23/1923 Where did you stay last night? King Oliver’s Jazz Band Jazz/dance band composer  
OKeh 8402 10-in. 6/23/1923 Dipper mouth blues King Oliver’s Jazz Band Jazz/dance band composer  
OKeh 8476 10-in. Oct. 1923 Tears King Oliver’s Jazz Band Jazz/dance band composer  
OKeh 9456 10-in. 11/9/1925 Low land blues Louis Armstrong ; Bertha Chippie Hill ; Richard M. Jones Female vocal solo, with cornet and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh 9457 10-in. 11/9/1925 Kid man blues Louis Armstrong ; Bertha Chippie Hill ; Richard M. Jones Female vocal solo, with cornet and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh 9458 10-in. 11/9/1925 Lazy woman's blues Blanche Calloway Female vocal solo, with cornet and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh 9459 10-in. 11/9/1925 Lonesome lovesick Louis Armstrong ; Blanche Calloway ; Richard M. Jones Female vocal solo, with cornet and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh 9471 10-in. 11/11/1925 Gambler's dream Hociel Thomas Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance ensemble instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh 9472 10-in. 11/11/1925 Sunshine baby Hociel Thomas Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance ensemble instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh 9473 10-in. 11/11/1925 Adam and Eve had the blues Louis Armstrong's Jazz Four ; Hociel Thomas Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance band instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh 9474 10-in. 11/11/1925 Put it where I can get it Louis Armstrong's Jazz Four ; Hociel Thomas Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance ensemble instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh 9475 10-in. 11/11/1925 Wash woman blues Hociel Thomas Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance ensemble instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh 9476 10-in. 11/11/1925 I've stopped my man Hociel Thomas Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance ensemble instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh 9484 10-in. 11/12/1925 My heart Louis Armstrong ; Hot Five Jazz/dance ensemble leader, composer, instrumentalist, cornet  
(Results 76-100 of 728 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Armstrong, Louis," accessed February 25, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863.

Armstrong, Louis. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 25, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863.

"Armstrong, Louis." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 25 February 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863

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