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Louis Armstrong

Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed "Satchmo", "Satch", and "Pops", was an American trumpeter, composer, vocalist, and actor who was among the most influential figures in jazz. His career spanned five decades, from the 1920s to the 1960s, and different eras in the history of jazz. In 2017, he was inducted into the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame.

Armstrong was born and raised in New Orleans. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an inventive trumpet and cornet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance. Around 1922, he followed his mentor, Joe "King" Oliver, to Chicago to play in the Creole Jazz Band. In Chicago, he spent time with other popular jazz musicians, reconnecting with his friend Bix Beiderbecke and spending time with Hoagy Carmichael and Lil Hardin. He earned a reputation at "cutting contests", and relocated to New York in order to join Fletcher Henderson's band.

With his instantly recognizable rich, gravelly voice, Armstrong was also an influential singer and skillful improviser, bending the lyrics and melody of a song. He was also skilled at scat singing. Armstrong is renowned for his charismatic stage presence and voice as well as his trumpet playing. By the end of Armstrong's career in the 1960s, his influence had spread to popular music in general. Armstrong was one of the first popular African-American entertainers to "cross over", meaning his music transcended his skin color in a racially divided America. He rarely publicly politicized his race, to the dismay of fellow African Americans, but took a well-publicized stand for desegregation in the Little Rock crisis. He was able to access the upper echelons of American society at a time when this was difficult for black men.

Armstrong appeared in films such as High Society (1956) alongside Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, and Frank Sinatra, and Hello, Dolly! (1969) starring Barbra Streisand. He received many accolades including three Grammy Award nominations and a win for his vocal performance of Hello, Dolly! in 1964.

Birth and Death Data: Born August 4th, 1901 (New Orleans), Died July 6th, 1971 (New York City;Corona)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1923 - 1969

Roles Represented in DAHR: trumpet, vocalist, leader, cornet, composer, speaker, songwriter, lyricist

Recordings (Results 176-200 of 728 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
OKeh W80839 10-in. 5/6/1927 Lazy man blues Sippie Wallace Female vocal solo, with clarinet, cornet, and piano instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W80840 10-in. 5/6/1927 The flood blues Sippie Wallace Female vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W80847 10-in. 5/7/1927 Willie the weeper Louis Armstrong ; Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble leader, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W80848 10-in. 5/7/1927 Wild man blues Louis Armstrong ; Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble leader, composer, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W80851 10-in. 5/9/1927 Chicago breakdown Louis Armstrong ; Earl Hines ; Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble leader, instrumentalist, trumpet, cornet  
OKeh W80854 10-in. 5/10/1927 Alligator crawl Louis Armstrong ; Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble leader, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W80855 10-in. 5/10/1927 Potato head blues Louis Armstrong ; Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble leader, composer, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W80862 10-in. 5/11/1927 Melancholy blues Louis Armstrong ; Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble leader, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W80863 10-in. 5/11/1927 Weary blues Louis Armstrong ; Hot Five Jazz/dance ensemble leader, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W80864 10-in. 5/11/1927 Twelfth Street rag Louis Armstrong ; Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble leader, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W80876 10-in. 5/13/1927 Keyhole blues Louis Armstrong ; Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble, with male vocal solo (scat) vocalist, leader, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W80877 10-in. 5/14/1927 Gully low blues Louis Armstrong ; Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble, with male vocal solo vocalist, leader, lyricist, composer, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W80884 10-in. 5/14/1927 That's when I'll come back to you Louis Armstrong ; Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble, with female-male vocal duet instrumentalist, cornet, vocalist, leader  
OKeh W81126 10-in. 5/13/1927 S.O.L. blues Louis Armstrong ; Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble, with male vocal solo vocalist, leader, composer, lyricist, instrumentalist, trumpet, cornet  
OKeh W81302 10-in. 9/2/1927 Put 'em down blues Louis Armstrong ; Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble, with male vocal solo leader, composer, lyricist, instrumentalist, cornet, vocalist  
OKeh W81310 10-in. 9/2/1927 Ory's Creole trombone Louis Armstrong ; Louis Armstrong’s Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble leader, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W81317 10-in. 9/6/1927 The last time Louis Armstrong ; Louis Armstrong’s Hot Seven Jazz/dance ensemble, with male vocal solo vocalist, leader, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W82037 10-in. 12/9/1927 Struttin' with some barbecue Louis Armstrong ; Hot Five Jazz/dance ensemble leader, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W82038 10-in. 12/9/1927 Got no blues Louis Armstrong ; Hot Five Jazz/dance quintet leader, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W82039 10-in. 12/10/1927 Once in awhile Louis Armstrong ; Hot Five Jazz/dance quintet leader, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W82040 10-in. 12/10/1927 I'm not rough Louis Armstrong ; Hot Five Jazz/dance quintet, with male vocal solo vocalist, leader, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W82055 10-in. 12/13/1927 Hotter than that Louis Armstrong ; Hot Five Jazz/dance sextet, with male vocal solo vocalist, instrumentalist, cornet, leader  
OKeh W82056 10-in. 12/13/1927 Savoy blues Louis Armstrong ; Hot Five Jazz/dance sextet leader, instrumentalist, cornet  
OKeh W152087 10-in. 1/25/1932 Kickin' the gong around Louis Armstrong Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo leader, vocalist, instrumentalist, trumpet  
OKeh W400954 10-in. 6/26/1928 You're a real sweetheart Louis Armstrong ; Lillie Delk Christian ; Hot Four Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance quartet leader, instrumentalist, trumpet  
(Results 176-200 of 728 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Armstrong, Louis," accessed February 26, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863.

Armstrong, Louis. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 26, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863.

"Armstrong, Louis." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 26 February 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101863

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