Jelly Roll Morton
Ferdinand Joseph LaMothe (October 20, 1890 – July 10, 1941), known professionally as Jelly Roll Morton, was an American ragtime and jazz pianist, bandleader, and composer. Morton was jazz's first arranger, proving that a genre rooted in improvisation could retain its essential characteristics when notated. His composition "Jelly Roll Blues", published in 1915, was one of the first published jazz compositions. Morton also wrote "King Porter Stomp", "Wolverine Blues", "Black Bottom Stomp", and "I Thought I Heard Buddy Bolden Say", the last a tribute to New Orleans musicians from the turn of the 20th century.
Morton's claim to have invented jazz in 1902 was criticized. Music critic Scott Yanow wrote, "Jelly Roll Morton did himself a lot of harm posthumously by exaggerating his worth...Morton's accomplishments as an early innovator are so vast that he did not really need to stretch the truth." Gunther Schuller says of Morton's "hyperbolic assertions" that there is "no proof to the contrary" and that Morton's "considerable accomplishments in themselves provide reasonable substantiation". In 2013, Katy Martin published an article arguing that Alan Lomax's book of interviews put Morton in a negative light. Lomax disagreed that Morton was an egotist. "In being called a supreme egotist, Jelly Roll was often a victim of loose and lurid reporting. If we read the words that he himself wrote, we learn that he almost had an inferiority complex and said that he created his own style of jazz piano because 'All my fellow musicians were much faster in manipulations, I thought than I, and I did not feel as though I was in their class.' So he used a slower tempo to permit flexibility through the use of more notes, a pinch of Spanish to give a number of right seasoning, the avoidance of playing triple forte continuously, and many other points". – Quoted in John Szwed, Dr. Jazz.
Birth and Death Data: Born October 20th, 1890 (Gulfport), Died July 10th, 1941 (Los Angeles)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1921 - 1940
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, piano, leader, director, vocalist, speaker, lyricist, songwriter, arranger
Notes: Some disc labels credit as Ferd. Morton.
Recordings (Results 76-100 of 164 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||BVE-62184||10-in.||6/2/1930||Crazy chords||Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers||Jazz/dance band||leader, instrumentalist, piano, composer|
|Victor||BVE-62185||10-in.||6/2/1930||Primrose stomp||Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers||Jazz/dance band||leader, instrumentalist, piano, composer|
|Victor||BVE-62188||10-in.||6/3/1930||Big time woman||Wilton Crawley Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with clarinet solo and male vocal solo||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||BVE-62189||10-in.||6/3/1930||I'm her papa, she's my mama||Wilton Crawley ; Washboard Rhythm Kings||Clarinet solo, with jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||BVE-62190||10-in.||6/3/1930||New Crawley blues||Wilton Crawley ; Washboard Rhythm Kings||Clarinet solo, with jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||BVE-62191||10-in.||6/3/1930||She saves her sweetest smiles for me||Wilton Crawley Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||instrumentalist, piano|
|Victor||BVE-62339||10-in.||7/14/1930||Low gravy||Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers||Jazz/dance band||director, instrumentalist, piano, composer|
|Victor||BVE-62340||10-in.||7/14/1930||Strokin' away||Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers||Jazz/dance band||director, instrumentalist, piano, composer|
|Victor||BVE-62341||10-in.||7/14/1930||Blue blood blues||Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers||Jazz/dance band||director, instrumentalist, piano, composer|
|Victor||BVE-62342||10-in.||7/14/1930||Mushmouth shuffle||Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers||Jazz/dance band||director, instrumentalist, piano, composer|
|Victor||BVE-64313||10-in.||10/9/1930||Gambling Jack||Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers||Jazz/dance band||director, instrumentalist, piano, composer|
|Victor||BVE-64314||10-in.||10/9/1930||Fickle Fay creep||Jelly Roll Morton ; Red Hot Peppers||Jazz/dance band||director, instrumentalist, piano, composer|
|Victor||BSHQ-73181||10-in.||8/9/1932||Milenberg joys||Rhythm Boys||Vocal and instrumental quartet||composer|
|Victor||BS-92547||10-in.||7/1/1935||King Porter||Benny Goodman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-010210||10-in.||5/17/1937||King Porter stomp||Teddy Hill NBC Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-014080||10-in.||9/12/1937||Corrido del tigre||Marimba "Palma de Oro"||Marimba band||composer|
|Victor||BS-018108||10-in.||1/5/1938||Wolverine blues||Larry Clinton Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||PBS-019410||10-in.||7/7/1938||Wolverine blues||Freddy Martin Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||PBS-019411||10-in.||7/7/1938||Milenberg joys||Freddy Martin Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||songwriter|
|Victor||BS-024066||10-in.||7/21/1938||Shoe shiner's drag||Lionel Hampton Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-024426||10-in.||8/1/1938||Milenberg joys||Larry Clinton Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-026680||10-in.||8/30/1938||Wolverine blues||Bluebird Military Band||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||BS-026860||10-in.||9/12/1938||King Porter stomp||Erskine Hawkins Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-027413||10-in.||9/27/1938||King Porter stomp||Glenn Miller Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BS-030302||10-in.||11/22/1938||Jelly-roll blues||Bunny Berigan Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Morton, Jelly Roll," accessed June 20, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101896.
Morton, Jelly Roll. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved June 20, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101896.
"Morton, Jelly Roll." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 20 June 2021.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
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