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Edward Elgar

Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet, (; 2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire. Among his best-known compositions are orchestral works including the Enigma Variations, the Pomp and Circumstance Marches, concertos for violin and cello, and two symphonies. He also composed choral works, including The Dream of Gerontius, chamber music and songs. He was appointed Master of the King's Musick in 1924.

Although Elgar is often regarded as a typically English composer, most of his musical influences were not from England but from continental Europe. He felt himself to be an outsider, not only musically, but socially. In musical circles dominated by academics, he was a self-taught composer; in Protestant Britain, his Roman Catholicism was regarded with suspicion in some quarters; and in the class-conscious society of Victorian and Edwardian Britain, he was acutely sensitive about his humble origins even after he achieved recognition. He nevertheless married the daughter of a senior British army officer. She inspired him both musically and socially, but he struggled to achieve success until his forties, when after a series of moderately successful works his Enigma Variations (1899) became immediately popular in Britain and overseas. He followed the Variations with a choral work, The Dream of Gerontius (1900), based on a Roman Catholic text that caused some disquiet in the Anglican establishment in Britain, but it became, and has remained, a core repertory work in Britain and elsewhere. His later full-length religious choral works were well received but have not entered the regular repertory.

In his fifties, Elgar composed a symphony and a violin concerto that were immensely successful. His second symphony and his cello concerto did not gain immediate public popularity and took many years to achieve a regular place in the concert repertory of British orchestras. Elgar's music came, in his later years, to be seen as appealing chiefly to British audiences. His stock remained low for a generation after his death. It began to revive significantly in the 1960s, helped by new recordings of his works. Some of his works have, in recent years, been taken up again internationally, but the music continues to be played more in Britain than elsewhere.

Elgar has been described as the first composer to take the gramophone seriously. Between 1914 and 1925, he conducted a series of acoustic recordings of his works. The introduction of the moving-coil microphone in 1923 made far more accurate sound reproduction possible, and Elgar made new recordings of most of his major orchestral works and excerpts from The Dream of Gerontius.

Birth and Death Data: Born June 2nd, 1857 (Broadheath), Died February 23rd, 1934 (Worcester)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1902 - 1937

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, conductor

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1199 7-in. 1/7/1902 Salut d'amour Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1199 10-in. 1/7/1902 Salut d'amour Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor A-341 7-in. 8/25/1903 Salut d'amour Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-341 10-in. 8/25/1903 Salut d'amour Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor C-341 12-in. 8/25/1903 Salut d'amour Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor A-1245 7-in. 4/21/1904 Salut d'amour Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor B-1245 10-in. 4/21/1904 Salut d'amour Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor C-1245 12-in. 4/21/1904 Salut d'amour Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor C-2067 12-in. 12/21/1904 Pomp and circumstance march no. 1 Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-8100 10-in. 7/8/1909 Salut d'amour Howard Rattay Violin solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-12296 10-in. 8/7/1912 Salut d'amour Neapolitan Trio Instrumental trio composer  
Victor C-12358 12-in. 9/11/1912 Pomp and circumstance march Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor B-13003 10-in. 3/19/1913 Pleading John McCormack Tenor vocal solo composer  
Victor B-13728 10-in. 9/8/1913 Salut d'amour Maud Powell Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-14598 10-in. 3/20/1914 Sevillana United States Marine Band Band composer  
Victor B-15311 10-in. 10/28/1914 Land of hope and glory Lyric Quartet Mixed vocal quartet, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-15502 10-in. 12/15/1914 Land of hope and glory Wilfred Glenn Male vocal solo, with male vocal chorus and orchestra composer  
Victor C-15900 12-in. 4/15/1915 The pipes of Pan Emilio de Gogorza Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-21075 10-in. 11/9/1917 Capricieuse Jascha Heifetz Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-22847 10-in. 5/13/1919 Lo! Now the dawn is breaking Lillian Rosedale Goodman ; Vivian Holt Female vocal duet, with violin and orchestra composer  
Victor B-25178 10-in. 4/11/1921 Salut d'amour Margaret McKee Whistling solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-25937 10-in. 1/6/1922 Salut d'amour Harry Kaufman ; Efrem Zimbalist Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor BVE-25937 10-in. 2/2/1926 Salut d'amour Efrem Zimbalist Violin solo, with piano composer  
Victor B-26539 10-in. 6/13/1922 Exercise no. 3 : Salut d'amour Frank Croxton Physical instruction, with orchestra composer  
Victor B-27978 10-in. 5/28/1923 Ejercicios físicos, nos. 3 y 4 Alcides Briceño Physical instruction, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor B-28666 10-in. 10/15/1923 Love's greeting Dusolina Giannini Soprano vocal solo, with violin and orchestra composer  
Victor C-28855 12-in. 10/29/1923 Pomp and circumstance Rudolph Ganz ; St. Louis Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor B-29813 10-in. 3/28/1924 Waltz chanson Bohemienne Jean Goldkette Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BVE-33116 10-in. 7/30/1925 Land of hope and glory Victor Male Chorus Tenor vocal chorus, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-36451 10-in. 10/11/1926 The wanderer Cleveland-Orpheus Male Chorus Male vocal chorus composer  
Victor BVE-36460 10-in. 10/12/1926 As torrents in summer Cleveland-Orpheus Male Chorus Male vocal chorus composer  
Victor CVE-37282 12-in. 12/22/1926 Pomp and circumstance march Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock Orchestra and organ composer  
Victor BVE-38515 10-in. 7/1/1927 Pomp and circumstance march Percival Price Carillon bells composer  
Victor BVE-39527 10-in. 7/13/1927 Exercise 5 : Menuet Clifford Cairns Physical instruction, with orchestra composer  
Victor MVE-49518 16-in. 1/12/1929 Dedication of the Cascade Tunnel William Wallace Atterbury ; Ernestine Schumann-Heink Radio broadcast : Talk; contralto vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor CVE-49528 12-in. 1/12/1929 Dedication of the Cascade Tunnel J. B. Campbell ; Ernestine Schumann-Heink Radio broadcast : Talk; contralto vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor CVE-51848 12-in. 5/24/1929 Land of hope and glory Associated Glee Clubs of America Male vocal chorus, with 4 pianos composer  
Victor BVE-55976 10-in. 10/10/1929 Fairy pipers Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-67731 10-in. 12/22/1930 Salut d'amour Nathaniel Shilkret ; Victor Concert Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-74971 12-in. 1/23/1933 Socony Vacuum Corporation [medley] Nathaniel Shilkret's Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor LBS-78539 10-in. (33-1/3 rpm) 11/14/1933 As torrents in summer [from King Olaf] St. Bartholomew’s Choir ; David McK. Williams Mixed vocal chorus, with pipe organ composer  
Victor CVE-92836 12-in. 7/3/1935 Pomp and circumstance Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-011033 10-in. 6/24/1937 Salut d'amour Frank Black ; Victor Concert Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor [Trial 1919-08-13-02] Not documented 8/13/1919 Pleading M. Caton Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 45901 10-in. 7/30/1915 Salut d'amour Barrère Ensemble of Wind Instruments ; Georges Barrère Flute solo, with woodwind ensemble composer  
Columbia 78378 10-in. 4/3/1919 Salut d'amour Toscha Seidel Violin solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 80158 10-in. 1/24/1922 Salut d'amour Pablo Casals Cello solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 30168 12-in. ca. Jan.-Oct. 1908 Salut d'amour George Stehl Violin solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 30537 12-in. 9/21/1910 Pomp and circumstance march Prince's Band Band composer  
Columbia 36728 12-in. ca. 1913 Salut d'amour Ellery Band Band composer  
Columbia 37129 12-in. 1/15/1915 Salut d'amour Pablo Casals Cello solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 49677 12-in. 11/23/1919 Pomp and circumstance march no. 1 Philharmonic Orchestra of New York Orchestra composer  
Columbia 49797 12-in. 4/22/1920 Salut d'amour Pablo Casals Cello solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 49825 12-in. 5/4/1920 Pomp and circumstance march Gino Marinuzzi Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Columbia W141384 10-in. 12/11/1925 Salut d'amour Carver's Woodwind Ensemble Instrumental ensemble composer  
Columbia W141679 10-in. 2/12/1926 Salut d'amour Howard Peterson Organ solo composer  
Columbia W145971 10-in. 4/6/1928 Feasting I watch The Orpheus Club of Detroit Vocal chorus composer  
Columbia W149022 10-in. 9/19/1929 Pleading Walter Golde ; Louis Graveure Tenor vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 98449 12-in. 1/13/1928 La capricieuse Naoum Blinder Violin and piano duet composer  
Columbia 98459 12-in. 2/14/1928 La capricieuse Naoum Blinder ; Valentin Pavlovsky Violin and piano duet composer  
OKeh 482 10-in. ca. July 1919 Salut d'amour Paul Eisler Piano solo composer  
Brunswick 527 10-in. approximately early 1917 Pomp and circumstance Empire Military Band Band composer  
Brunswick 1154 10-in. approximately July 1917 Land of hope and glory Joseph A. Phillips Male vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Brunswick X6589 12-in. approximately Oct. 1921 La capricieuse Paul Frenkel ; Bronislaw Huberman Violin solo, with piano composer  
Brunswick 3591-3592 10-in. approximately Jan. 1920 Salut d'amour Elshuco Trio Instrumental trio composer  
Brunswick X10337-X10339 12-in. 4/11/1923 Pomp and circumstance march (no. 1) Walter B. Rogers Band Band composer  
Brunswick XC275-XC277 12-in. 5/3/1926 Pomp and circumstance march no. 1 Cleveland Orchestra ; Nikolai Sokoloff Orchestra composer  
Brunswick DB202 10-in. 6/14/1929 Salut d’amour Miklos Rakosi Violin solo, with piano composer  
Brunswick [Br (U.K.) cat 20081-a] 12-in. approximately May 1929 Land of hope and glory Master Frederick Firth Boy soprano and male chorus composer  
Brunswick E29874 10-in. May 1929 Salut d’amour Max Rosen ; Richard Wilens Violin solo, with piano composer  
Brunswick E22215-E22216 10-in. 4/1/1927 Land of hope and glory Bowdoin Glee Club Male vocal chorus, with orchestra composer  
Brunswick E26839-E26840 10-in. 3/6/1928 La capricieuse Albert Spalding Violin solo, with piano composer  
Edison 2657 10-in. 12/24/1913 How calmly the evening Mixed vocal quartet (unidentified; Edison Records) Mixed vocal quartet composer  
Edison 2917 10-in. between 3/26/1914 and 3/30/1914 Salut d'amour Orchestra (unidentified; Edison Records) Orchestra composer  
Edison 3462 10-in. Nov.-Dec. 1914 Pomp and circumstance march Sodero's Band Band composer  
Edison 4127 10-in. 9/17/1915 La capricieuse Leonardo de Lorenzo Flute solo, with harp composer  
Edison 4395 10-in. 1/3/1916 Salut d'amour Harold L. Lyman ; Arthur Walsh Violin and flute duet, with orchestra composer  
Edison 6391 10-in. between 10/1/1918 and 10/2/1918 Salut d'amour Jacques Glockner Violin solo, with piano composer  
Edison 7458 10-in. 7/23/1920 Salut d'amour Herbert Soman Violin solo, with piano composer  
Edison 8240 10-in. 10/5/1921 Pomp and circumstance march United States Marine Band Band composer  
Edison 8713 10-in. 1/6/1923 Lady of the lake Stevens' Dance Quartet Instrumental quartet composer  
Edison 10461 10-in. 6/24/1925 Pomp and circumstance march Frederick Kinsley Organ solo composer  
Edison 18538 10-in. 5/26/1928 Salut d'amour Rollo F. Maitland Pipe organ solo composer  
Edison 18992 10-in. 1/8/1929 Salut d'amour Edison Concert Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Edison N-683 10-in. 1/8/1929 Salut d'amour Edison Concert Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Gramophone BWR401 10-in. 10/12/1926 Salut d'amour Marek Weber Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Elgar, Edward," accessed March 8, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101974.

Elgar, Edward. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved March 8, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101974.

"Elgar, Edward." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 8 March 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/101974

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