Josephus Daniels (May 18, 1862 – January 15, 1948) was an American newspaper editor and publisher from the 1880s until his death; he controlled the Raleigh News and Observer, at the time North Carolina's largest newspaper, for decades. Viewed as a progressive Democrat, he was appointed by United States President Woodrow Wilson to serve as Secretary of the Navy during World War I. He became a close friend and supporter of Franklin D. Roosevelt, who served as his Assistant Secretary of the Navy and later was elected as United States President. Roosevelt appointed Daniels as his Ambassador to Mexico, 1933–1941. Daniels was a vehement white supremacist and segregationist and, along with Charles Aycock and Furnifold Simmons, was a leading perpetrator of the 1898 Wilmington insurrection.
Daniels believed that "the greatest folly and crime" in U.S. history was giving Negroes the vote. He and his newspaper "championed the white supremacy cause in frequent news reports, vigorously worded editorials, provocative letters, and vicious front page cartoons that called attention to what the newspaper called the horrors of 'negro rule.'" Daniels argued that as long as African Americans had any political power, they would block progressive reforms.
He was highly influential in the state legislature's passage in 1900 of a suffrage amendment that effectively disenfranchised most blacks in the state, excluding them from the political system for decades until the late 20th century. They were also excluded from juries and subject to legal racial segregation.
As Secretary of the Navy, Daniels handled policy and formalities in World War I while his top aide, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, handled the major wartime decisions. As ambassador to Mexico after its revolution, Daniels dealt with the anti-American government and its expropriation of American oil investments. In North Carolina in the early 20th century, he had been a leading progressive, supporting public schools and public works, and calling for more regulation of trusts and railroads. He supported prohibition and women's suffrage, and used his newspapers to support the regular Democratic Party ticket. He was a powerful supporter of the Ku Klux Klan although never a member.
Birth and Death Data: Born May 18th, 1862 (Washington), Died January 15th, 1948 (Raleigh)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1918
Roles Represented in DAHR: speaker
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Columbia||77643||10-in.||1/17/1918||The Navy is ready||Josephus Daniels||Speech||speaker|
|Columbia||77902||10-in.||6/20/1918||Flag Day address||Josephus Daniels||Speech||speaker|
|Columbia||77903||10-in.||6/20/1918||There is no rank in sacrifice||Josephus Daniels||Speech||speaker|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Daniels, Josephus," accessed May 5, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102029.
Daniels, Josephus. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved May 5, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102029.
"Daniels, Josephus." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 5 May 2021.
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