Émile Jaques-Dalcroze (6 July 1865 – 1 July 1950) was a Swiss composer, musician and music educator who developed Dalcroze Eurhythmics, an approach to learning and experiencing music through movement. Dalcroze eurhythmics influenced Carl Orff's pedagogy, used in music education throughout the United States.
Dalcroze's method teaches musical concepts, often through movement. The variety of movement analogues used for musical concepts develop an integrated and natural musical expression in the student. Turning the body into a well-tuned musical instrument—Dalcroze felt—was the best path for generating a solid, vibrant musical foundation. The Dalcroze method consists of three equally important elements: eurhythmics, solfège, and improvisation. Together, according to Dalcroze, they comprise the essential musicianship training of a complete musician. In an ideal approach, elements from each subject coalesce, resulting in an approach to teaching rooted in creativity and movement.
Dalcroze began his career as a pedagogue at the Geneva Conservatory in 1892, where he taught harmony and solfège. It was in his solfège courses that he began testing many of his influential and revolutionary pedagogical ideas. Between 1903 and 1910, Dalcroze had begun giving public presentations of his method. In 1910, with the help of German industrialist Wolf Dohrn, Dalcroze founded a school at Hellerau, outside Dresden, dedicated to the teaching of his method. Many musicians flocked to Hellerau, among them Prince Serge Wolkonsky, Vera Alvang (Griner), Valeria Cratina, Jelle Troelstra (son of Pieter Jelles Troelstra), Inga and Ragna Jacobi, Albert Jeanneret (Le Corbusier's brother), Jeanne de Salzmann, Mariam Ramberg, Anita Berber, and Placido de Montelio. With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the school was abandoned. After the Second World War, his ideas were taken up as "music and movement" in British schools.
Birth and Death Data: Born July 6th, 1865 (Vienna), Died Geneva
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1913 - 1936
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, lyricist
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||C-13050||12-in.||4/1/1913||L'oiseau bleu||Marcella Sembrich||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-14620||10-in.||3/23/1914||Le coeur de ma mie||Paul Reimers||Male vocal solo, with piano and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-18857||10-in.||12/20/1916||La chère maison||Eva Gauthier||Mezzo-soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer, lyricist|
|Victor||BVE-36613||10-in.||10/11/1926||La pauvre église||Émile Larochelle||Male vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||BVE-36616||10-in.||10/11/1926||Le coeur de ma mie||Émile Larochelle||Male vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||LCS-100350||12-in. (33-1/3 rpm)||4/6/1936||Nocturne||Martin W. Bush ; Mable Allen Smails||Female vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Columbia||43592||10-in.||November 1915||Le coeur de ma mie||Dr. A. J. Harpin||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||7875||10-in.||3/30/1921||La chère maison||Paul Reimers||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile," accessed October 31, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102103.
Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 31, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102103.
"Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 31 October 2020.
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