Image Source: Wikipedia

Duke Ellington

Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist, and leader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death over a career spanning more than six decades.

Born in Washington, D.C., Ellington was based in New York City from the mid-1920s onward and gained a national profile through his orchestra's appearances at the Cotton Club in Harlem. In the 1930s, his orchestra toured in Europe. Although widely considered a pivotal figure in the history of jazz, Ellington embraced the phrase "beyond category" as a liberating principle and referred to his music as part of the more general category of American Music.

Some of the jazz musicians who were members of Ellington's orchestra, such as saxophonist Johnny Hodges, are considered among the best players in the idiom. Ellington melded them into the best-known orchestral unit in the history of jazz. Some members stayed with the orchestra for several decades. A master at writing miniatures for the three-minute 78 rpm recording format, Ellington wrote more than one thousand compositions; his extensive body of work is the largest recorded personal jazz legacy, and many of his pieces have become standards. He also recorded songs written by his bandsmen, for example Juan Tizol's "Caravan", and "Perdido", which brought a Spanish tinge to big band jazz. In the early 1940s, Ellington began a nearly thirty-year collaboration with composer-arranger-pianist Billy Strayhorn, whom he called his writing and arranging companion. With Strayhorn, he composed many extended compositions, or suites, as well as additional short pieces. Following an appearance at the Newport Jazz Festival in July 1956, Ellington and his orchestra enjoyed a major revival and embarked on world tours. Ellington recorded for most American record companies of his era, performed in and scored several films, and composed a handful of stage musicals.

Ellington was noted for his inventive use of the orchestra, or big band, and for his eloquence and charisma. His reputation continued to rise after he died, and he was awarded a posthumous Pulitzer Prize Special Award for music in 1999.

Birth and Death Data: Born April 29th, 1899 (Washington, D.C.), Died May 24th, 1974 (New York City)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1924 - 1968

Roles Represented in DAHR: piano, composer, leader, director, arranger, songwriter, lyricist

Recordings (Results 101-125 of 329 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor PBS-79155 10-in. 4/12/1934 Ebony rhapsody Ivie Anderson ; Duke Ellington Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo leader, instrumentalist, piano  
Victor PBS-79156 10-in. 4/12/1934 Cocktails for two Duke Ellington Orchestra Jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, piano  
Victor PBS-79157 10-in. 4/12/1934 Live and love tonight Duke Ellington Orchestra Jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, piano  
Victor PBS-79169 10-in. 4/17/1934 I met my Waterloo Duke Ellington Orchestra Jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, piano  
Victor PBS-79181 10-in. 4/23/1934 My old flame Duke Ellington Orchestra ; Mae West Dubbed recording from film : Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance band director  
Victor PBS-79211 10-in. 5/9/1934 Troubled waters Ivie Anderson ; Duke Ellington Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo leader, instrumentalist, piano  
Victor PBS-79212 10-in. 5/9/1934 My old flame Ivie Anderson ; Duke Ellington Orchestra Female vocal solo, with jazz/dance band leader, instrumentalist, piano  
Victor BS-80144 10-in. 1/9/1934 Delta serenade Duke Ellington Orchestra Jazz/dance band director, instrumentalist, piano, composer  
Victor BS-80145 10-in. 1/9/1934 Stompy Jones Duke Ellington Orchestra Jazz/dance band instrumentalist, piano, director, composer  
Victor BS-80149 10-in. 1/10/1934 Solitude Duke Ellington Orchestra Jazz/dance band director, instrumentalist, piano, composer  
Victor BS-80150 10-in. 1/10/1934 Blue feeling Duke Ellington Orchestra Jazz/dance band director, instrumentalist, piano, composer  
Victor BS-80638 10-in. 6/18/1934 Rockin' in rhythm Red Nichols ; Pennies Jazz/dance band songwriter  
Victor BS-98408 10-in. 12/11/1935 Blue prelude Elmer, Zeb, and Paul Instrumental trio composer  
Victor BS-102214 10-in. 6/15/1936 In a sentimental mood Benny Goodman Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BS-010642 10-in. 6/11/1937 Scattin' at the Kit-Kat Willie Farmer Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BS-011080 10-in. 7/9/1937 Caravan Southern Rhythm Kings Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BS-011761 10-in. 8/21/1937 Caravan Shep Fields ; Rippling Rhythm Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BS-013202 10-in. 8/18/1937 Caravan Bunny Berigan Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BS-018337 10-in. 1/18/1938 Ring dem bells Lionel Hampton Orchestra Jazz/dance band, with vibraphone and male vocal solo songwriter  
Victor BS-021854 10-in. 3/31/1938 Skrontch Willie Farmer Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BS-022432 10-in. 4/12/1938 Skrontch Fats Waller and his Rhythm Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo composer  
Victor BS-022486 10-in. 4/21/1938 Azure Bunny Berigan Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BS-022487 10-in. 4/22/1938 I let a song go out of my heart Benny Goodman Orchestra ; Martha Tilton Jazz/dance band, with female vocal solo composer  
Victor BS-022928 10-in. 4/27/1938 I let a song go out of my heart Hot Lips Page Orchestra Jazz/dance band composer  
Victor BS-024069 10-in. 7/22/1938 La de doody doo Harry Roberts ; Jan Savitt ; Top Hatters Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo songwriter  
(Results 101-125 of 329 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Ellington, Duke," accessed December 1, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102155.

Ellington, Duke. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 1, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102155.

"Ellington, Duke." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 1 December 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102155

Feedback

Send the Editors a message about this record.