Frances Jane van Alstyne (née Crosby; March 24, 1820 – February 12, 1915), more commonly known as Fanny Crosby, was an American mission worker, poet, lyricist, and composer. She was one of the most prolific hymnists in history, writing more than 8,000 hymns and gospel songs, with more than 100 million copies printed, despite being blind from shortly after birth. She is also known for her teaching and her rescue mission work. By the end of the 19th century, she was a household name.
Crosby was known as the "Queen of Gospel Song Writers" and as the "Mother of modern congregational singing in America", with most American hymnals containing her work. Her gospel songs were "paradigmatic of all revival music", and Ira Sankey attributed the success of the Moody and Sankey evangelical campaigns largely to Crosby's hymns. Some of Crosby's best-known songs include "Pass Me Not, O Gentle Saviour", "Blessed Assurance", "Jesus Is Tenderly Calling You Home", "Praise Him, Praise Him", "Rescue the Perishing", and "To God Be the Glory". Some publishers were hesitant to have so many hymns by one person in their hymnals, so Crosby used nearly 200 different pseudonyms during her career.
Crosby also wrote more than 1,000 secular poems and had four books of poetry published, as well as two best-selling autobiographies. Additionally, she co-wrote popular secular songs, as well as political and patriotic songs and at least five cantatas on biblical and patriotic themes, including The Flower Queen, the first secular cantata by an American composer. She was committed to Christian rescue missions and was known for her public speaking.
Birth and Death Data: Born March 24th, 1820 (Brewster), Died February 12th, 1915 (Bridgeport)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1899 - 1940
Roles Represented in DAHR: lyricist, songwriter
Notes: Name also appears as Frances van Alstyne, Frances Jane Crosby, Frances J. Crosby, or F. J. Crosby.
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 96 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Berliner||0740||7-in.||11/16/1899||Blessed assurance||J. J. Fisher||Male vocal solo||lyricist|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]570||7-in.||12/5/1900||Blessed assurance||J. J. Fisher||Male vocal solo||lyricist|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1914||7-in.||1/27/1903||Safe in the arms of Jesus||Choir [i.e., Lyric Trio]||Vocal chorus||lyricist|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1914||10-in.||1/27/1903||Safe in the arms of Jesus||Choir [i.e., Lyric Trio]||Chorus||lyricist|
|Victor||B-2217||10-in.||2/6/1905||Safe in the arms of Jesus||Trinity Choir||Chorus, with organ||lyricist|
|Victor||B-2530||10-in.||5/8/1905||Tho' your sins be as scarlet||Harry Macdonough ; Frank C. Stanley||Male vocal duet, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-2699||10-in.||8/7/1905||Rescue the perishing||Frank C. Stanley||Male vocal solo, with organ||lyricist|
|Victor||B-2700||10-in.||8/7/1905||All the way my Saviour leads me||Harry Macdonough||Male vocal solo, with organ||lyricist|
|Victor||B-2701||10-in.||8/7/1905||Near the Cross||Frank C. Stanley||Male vocal solo, with organ||lyricist|
|Victor||B-2998||10-in.||1/10/1906||Saved by grace||John H. Bieling ; Harry Macdonough||Male vocal duet, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-3083||10-in.||2/2/1906||Jesus is calling||Harry Macdonough ; Frank C. Stanley||Male vocal duet, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-3354||10-in.||5/2/1906||Blessed assurance||Trinity Choir||Chorus, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-3922||10-in.||10/25/1906||Pass me not, O gentle saviour||Harry Macdonough ; Frank C. Stanley||Male vocal duet, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-6261||10-in.||6/9/1908||Jesus is calling||Harry Macdonough ; Frank C. Stanley||Male vocal duet, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-6545||10-in.||10/15/1908||Only a beam of sunshine||John H. Bieling ; Harry Macdonough||Male vocal duet, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-6748||10-in.||1/25/1909||All the way my Saviour leads me||Harry Macdonough||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-9331||10-in.||7/28/1910||Rescue the perishing||Reinald Werrenrath||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-9358||10-in.||8/18/1910||Some sweet day, bye and bye||Harry Anthony ; James F. Harrison||Male vocal duet, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-9410||10-in.||9/6/1910||Near the Cross||Mr. and Mrs. Wheeler||Female-male vocal duet, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||C-9487||12-in.||9/28/1910||Open the gates of the temple||Evan Williams||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-10250||10-in.||5/2/1911||Safe in the arms of Jesus||Trinity Choir||Mixed vocal quartet, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-11257||10-in.||11/21/1911||Close to thee||Harry Anthony ; James F. Harrison||Male vocal duet, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-11259||10-in.||11/21/1911||Bye and bye||Harry Anthony ; James F. Harrison||Male vocal duet, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||C-18599||12-in.||11/6/1916||Gospel songs no. 3||Victor Mixed Chorus||Vocal chorus and soloists, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-23684||10-in.||2/19/1920||Engang min livstraad briste skal||Eleonora Olson ; Ethel Olson||Female vocal duet, with violin and organ||lyricist|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Crosby, Fanny," accessed May 16, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102169.
Crosby, Fanny. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved May 16, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102169.
"Crosby, Fanny." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 16 May 2021.
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