Theodore Moses Tobani
Theodore Moses Tobani (2 May 1855 − 12 December 1933) was a composer of popular music. He was born in Hamburg, Germany, and began studying violin when he was five years old. The family moved to the United States, where he attended the Rivington School in New York, but they returned to Europe when it became evident that Theodore was a musical prodigy. He was a concert violinist by the time he was 10. The family returned to the U.S. in 1870, and Theodore took positions as a violinist in several groups including Simpson's Theatre in Philadelphia, Wallack's Theatre, and several others.
His best known composition was "Hearts and Flowers", which he composed in half an hour in 1893, and which continued to sell more than 100,000 copies annually until the end of his life. He was so prolific that his publisher, Carl Fischer, insisted that he use multiple pseudonyms; Fischer was concerned that nobody would believe how much Tobani was composing. Another popular work was "Our Little Nestling", written in 1883 for Mrs. Lester Wallack, for which he was paid $35. He also composed "Around the Christmas Tree", subtitled "A Yule-Tide Potpourri", which was later arranged for band by Louis-Philippe Laurendeau
Tobani was also a real estate dealer and owned property in Queens. He died on 12 December 1933; seven children survived him, but his wife, Helen, had died some time earlier.
Birth and Death Data: Born May 2nd, 1855, Died December 12th, 1933
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1899 - 1930
Roles Represented in DAHR: arranger, composer
Notes: Pseudonyms include: Florence Reed, Andrew Herman/Hermann, and Theodore Moses.
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 266 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Berliner||79||7-in.||Aug. 1897-Mar. 1899||The crack regiment||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Berliner||4804||7-in.||Before Apr. 1899||Hearts and flowers||Artists vary||Violin solo||composer|
|Berliner||0480||7-in.||4/14/1899||Hearts and flowers||Chris de Arth||Violin solo||composer|
|Berliner||0615||7-in.||10/18/1899||Cocoanut dance||Vess L. Ossman||Banjo solo||composer|
|Berliner||01178||7-in.||4/11/1900||The crack regiment||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]338||7-in.||10/3/1900||The crack regiment patrol||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]338||10-in.||6/17/1902||The crack regiment patrol||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]499||7-in.||11/9/1900||Hearts and flowers||Herbert L. Clarke||Cornet solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1172||7-in.||12/31/1901||Hearts and flowers||Herbert L. Clarke ; Sousa's Band||Cornet solo, with band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1172||10-in.||12/31/1901||Hearts and flowers||Herbert L. Clarke ; Sousa's Band||Cornet solo, with band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix C-]1172||12-in.||6/19/1902||Hearts and flowers||Herbert L. Clarke ; Sousa's Band||Cornet solo, with band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1209||7-in.||1/21/1902||Hearts and flowers||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1209||10-in.||1/21/1902||Hearts and flowers||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix C-]2005||12-in.||1903||Hungarian fantasia||Victor Grand Concert Band||Band||arranger|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix D-]2005||14-in.||1903||Hungarian fantasia||Victor Grand Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||A-248||7-in.||8/11/1903||Hearts and flowers||Sousa's Band||Band, with cornet solo||composer|
|Victor||B-248||10-in.||8/11/1903||Hearts and flowers||Sousa's Band||Band, with cornet solo||composer|
|Victor||A-853||7-in.||12/18/1903||Cupidetta||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-853||10-in.||12/18/1903||Cupidetta||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-1333-A||12-in.||5/20/1904||United States Army lancers||Victor Dance Orchestra [i.e., Pryor's Band]||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-1333-B||10-in.||5/20/1904||U.S. Army lancers||Victor Dance Orchestra [i.e., Pryor's Band]||Band||arranger|
|Victor||C-1333-D||12-in.||5/20/1904||United States Army lancers||Victor Dance Orchestra [i.e., Pryor's Band]||Band||composer|
|Victor||A-1364||7-in.||5/27/1904||Hearts and flowers||Charles D'Almaine||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-1381||12-in.||5/27/1904||Parsifal fantasia||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||arranger|
|Victor||B-1949||10-in.||11/18/1904||Don't be cross||Arthur Pryor's Orchestra ; Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||arranger|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Tobani, Theodore Moses," accessed November 27, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102246.
Tobani, Theodore Moses. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved November 27, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102246.
"Tobani, Theodore Moses." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 27 November 2020.
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