Robert Burns (25 January 1759 – 21 July 1796), also known familiarly as Rabbie Burns, the National Bard, Bard of Ayrshire and the Ploughman Poet and various other names and epithets, was a Scottish poet and lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland and is celebrated worldwide. He is the best known of the poets who have written in the Scots language, although much of his writing is in English and a light Scots dialect, accessible to an audience beyond Scotland. He also wrote in standard English, and in these writings his political or civil commentary is often at its bluntest.
He is regarded as a pioneer of the Romantic movement, and after his death he became a great source of inspiration to the founders of both liberalism and socialism, and a cultural icon in Scotland and among the Scottish diaspora around the world. Celebration of his life and work became almost a national charismatic cult during the 19th and 20th centuries, and his influence has long been strong on Scottish literature. In 2009 he was chosen as the greatest Scot by the Scottish public in a vote run by Scottish television channel STV.
As well as making original compositions, Burns also collected folk songs from across Scotland, often revising or adapting them. His poem (and song) "Auld Lang Syne" is often sung at Hogmanay (the last day of the year), and "Scots Wha Hae" served for a long time as an unofficial national anthem of the country. Other poems and songs of Burns that remain well known across the world today include "A Red, Red Rose", "A Man's a Man for A' That", "To a Louse", "To a Mouse", "The Battle of Sherramuir", "Tam o' Shanter" and "Ae Fond Kiss".
Birth and Death Data: Born January 25th, 1759 (Alloway), Died July 21st, 1796 (Dumfries)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1938
Roles Represented in DAHR: author, composer
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 102 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Berliner||899||7-in.||Oct. 1897||Auld lang syne||Diamond Four||Male vocal quartet||author|
|Berliner||1774||7-in.||Before Sept. 1897||Auld lang syne||J. W. Myers||Male vocal solo||author|
|Berliner||0115||7-in.||3/25/1899||Auld lang syne||Haydn Quartet||Male vocal quartet||author|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]132||7-in.||7/13/1900||Auld lang syne||William Tuson||Clarinet solo||author|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]692||7-in.||2/20/1901||Auld lang syne||J. W. Myers||Male vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]692||10-in.||2/20/1901||Auld lang syne||J. W. Myers||Male vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1488||7-in.||7/19/1902||John Anderson, my jo||Kilties' Band of Canada||Band||author|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1488||10-in.||7/19/1902||John Anderson, my Joe||Kilties' Band of Canada||Band||author|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]3125||10-in.||2/20/1901||Auld lang syne||J. W. Myers||Male vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix C-]31060||12-in.||1901-1902||John Anderson, my jo||Kilties' Band of Canada||Band||author|
|Victor||C-272 [Old series]||12-in.||2/9/1903 or 5/26/1903||John Anderson, my jo||Kilties' Band of Canada||Band||author|
|Victor||B-2346||10-in.||2/27/1905||Auld lang syne||Frank C. Stanley||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||B-2460||10-in.||4/7/1905||Bonnie Doon||Henry Burr||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||B-2794||10-in.||10/10/1905||John Anderson, my jo||Orthian Ladies' Trio||Female vocal trio||author|
|Victor||B-2894||10-in.||11/17/1905||John Anderson, my jo||Henry Burr||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||B-2895||10-in.||11/17/1905||Scots, wha' hae wi' Wallace bled||Henry Burr||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||C-2897||12-in.||11/21/1905||Melodies of Robert Burns||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||author|
|Victor||B-6612||10-in.||11/20/1908||Auld lang syne||Evan Williams||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||B-6613||10-in.||11/20/1908||Loch Lomond||Evan Williams||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||B-6688||10-in.||12/29/1908||Auld lang syne||Westminter Chimes [i.e., Chris Chapman]||Chimes||author|
|Victor||C-6707||12-in.||1/6/1909||Ye banks and braes o' bonnie Doon||Nellie Melba||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||B-8031||10-in.||6/7/1909||Flow gently, sweet Afton||Herbert Witherspoon||Bass vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||B-8265||10-in.||9/30/1909||Ye banks and braes o' bonnie Doon||Geraldine Farrar||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||B-8382||10-in.||11/17/1909||Highland Mary||Frederick Gunster||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||B-10034||10-in.||3/8/1911||A red, red rose||John Barnes Wells||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Burns, Robert," accessed November 30, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102250.
Burns, Robert. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved November 30, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102250.
"Burns, Robert." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 30 November 2020.
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