Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March [O.S. 21 March] 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Brandenburg Concertos and the Goldberg Variations, and for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival he is generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time.
The Bach family already counted several composers when Johann Sebastian was born as the last child of a city musician in Eisenach. After being orphaned at age 10, he lived for five years with his eldest brother Johann Christoph, after which he continued his musical formation in Lüneburg. From 1703 he was back in Thuringia, working as a musician for Protestant churches in Arnstadt and Mühlhausen and, for longer stretches of time, at courts in Weimar, where he expanded his organ repertory, and Köthen, where he was mostly engaged with chamber music. From 1723 he was employed as Thomaskantor (cantor at St. Thomas) in Leipzig. He composed music for the principal Lutheran churches of the city, and for its university's student ensemble Collegium Musicum. From 1726 he published some of his keyboard and organ music. In Leipzig, as had happened during some of his earlier positions, he had difficult relations with his employer, a situation that was little remedied when he was granted the title of court composer by his sovereign, Augustus, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, in 1736. In the last decades of his life he reworked and extended many of his earlier compositions. He died of complications after eye surgery in 1750 at the age of 65.
Bach enriched established German styles through his mastery of counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and his adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Bach's compositions include hundreds of cantatas, both sacred and secular. He composed Latin church music, Passions, oratorios, and motets. He often adopted Lutheran hymns, not only in his larger vocal works, but for instance also in his four-part chorales and his sacred songs. He wrote extensively for organ and for other keyboard instruments. He composed concertos, for instance for violin and for harpsichord, and suites, as chamber music as well as for orchestra. Many of his works employ the genres of canon and fugue.
Throughout the 18th century Bach was primarily valued as an organist, while his keyboard music, such as The Well-Tempered Clavier, was appreciated for its didactic qualities. The 19th century saw the publication of some major Bach biographies, and by the end of that century all of his known music had been printed. Dissemination of scholarship on the composer continued through periodicals (and later also websites) exclusively devoted to him, and other publications such as the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (BWV, a numbered catalogue of his works) and new critical editions of his compositions. His music was further popularised through a multitude of arrangements, including, for instance, the Air on the G String, and of recordings, such as three different box sets with complete performances of the composer's oeuvre marking the 250th anniversary of his death.
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Birth and Death Data: Born March 31, 1685 (Eisenach), Died July 28, 1750 (Leipzig)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1904 - 1947
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 544 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-8980||10-in.||5/20/1910||Gavotte in E major||Fritz Kreisler||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||CVE-9871||12-in.||6/14/1928||Air for G string||Mischa Elman||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-9871||12-in.||1/31/1911||Air for G string||Mischa Elman||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-10548||12-in.||6/19/1911||Air for G string||Victor Herbert's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-11737||10-in.||3/15/1912||Gavotte in B minor||Ada Sassoli||Harp solo||composer|
|Victor||B-11939||10-in.||4/26/1912||Gavotte in E major from 6th sonata||Vladimir de Pachmann||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||B-12244||10-in.||7/29/1912||Suite III : Bourrée||Victor String Quartet||Instrumental quintet||composer|
|Victor||C-12439||12-in.||9/30/1912||Fugue in D minor||Frank La Forge||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||B-12541||10-in.||10/28/1912||At eventide||Herbert Witherspoon||Bass vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-12545||10-in.||10/29/1912||Bring him back is all my prayer||Herbert Witherspoon||Bass vocal solo, with violin obbligato||composer|
|Victor||C-12728||12-in.||12/18/1912||Praeludium||Fritz Kreisler||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-13349||12-in.||5/24/1913||Curious story||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-13731||12-in.||9/8/1913||Bourée||Maud Powell||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-13809||12-in.||9/17/1913||My heart ever faithful||Ernestine Schumann-Heink||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-13892||10-in.||10/1/1913||Air for G string||Jan Kubelík||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-15560||12-in.||1/4/1915||Concerto for two violins||Fritz Kreisler ; Efrem Zimbalist||Violin duet, with string ensemble||composer|
|Victor||C-15561||12-in.||1/4/1915||Concerto for two violins||Fritz Kreisler ; Efrem Zimbalist||Violin duet, with string ensemble||composer|
|Victor||C-15562||12-in.||1/4/1915||Concerto for two violins||Fritz Kreisler ; Efrem Zimbalist||Violin duet, with string ensemble||composer|
|Victor||B-16595||10-in.||10/4/1915||Arioso||Mischa Elman||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-17805||10-in.||6/6/1916||Sonata in E major : Allegro, 2nd movement||Maud Powell||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-17806||10-in.||6/6/1916||Sonata in E major : 4th movement||Maud Powell||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-18042||12-in.||6/30/1916||My heart ever faithful||Louise Homer||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-19868||10-in.||5/18/1917||Papa Haydn's surprise||Kitty Cheatham||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-19872||10-in.||5/18/1917||Butterfly||Kitty Cheatham||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-20480||12-in.||8/2/1917||Air for G string||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Bach, Johann Sebastian," accessed June 4, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102304.
Bach, Johann Sebastian. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved June 4, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102304.
"Bach, Johann Sebastian." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 4 June 2023.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
Wikipedia: Johann Sebastian Bach
Discogs: Johann Sebastian Bach
Allmusic: Johann Sebastian Bach
Apple Music: Johann Sebastian Bach
Linked Open Data Sources
LCNAR: Bach, Johann Sebastian, 1685-1750 - http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79021425
Wikidata: Johann Sebastian Bach - http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1339
MusicBrainz: Johann Sebastian Bach - https://musicbrainz.org/artist/24f1766e-9635-4d58-a4d4-9413f9f98a4c
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