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Gabriele D’Annunzio

General Gabriele D'Annunzio, Prince of Montenevoso (UK: , US: , Italian: [ɡabriˈɛːle danˈnuntsjo]; 12 March 1863 – 1 March 1938), sometimes spelled d'Annunzio, was an Italian poet, playwright, and journalist and soldier during World War I. He occupied a prominent place in Italian literature from 1889 to 1910 and later political life from 1914 to 1924. He was often referred to under the epithets Il Vate ("the Poet") or Il Profeta ("the Prophet").

D'Annunzio was associated with the Decadent movement in his literary works, which interplayed closely with French Symbolism and British Aestheticism. Such works represented a turn against the naturalism of the preceding romantics and was both sensuous and mystical. He came under the influence of Friedrich Nietzsche which would find outlets in his literary and later political contributions. His affairs with several women, including Eleonora Duse and Luisa Casati, received public attention.

During the First World War, perception of D'Annunzio in Italy transformed from literary figure into a national war hero. He was associated with the elite Arditi storm troops of the Italian Army and took part in actions such as the Flight over Vienna. As part of an Italian nationalist reaction against the Paris Peace Conference, he set up the short-lived Italian Regency of Carnaro in Fiume with himself as Duce. The constitution made "music" the fundamental principle of the state and was corporatist in nature. Though D'Annunzio never declared himself a fascist, he has been described as the forerunner of Italian fascism as his ideas and aesthetics influenced it and the style of Benito Mussolini.

Birth and Death Data: Born March 12th, 1863 (Birthplace of Gabriele D'Annunzio Museum), Died March 1st, 1938 (Gardone Riviera)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1917 - 1948

Roles Represented in DAHR: author, composer, lyricist

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor B-19484 10-in. 4/15/1917 L'alba separa dalla luce l'ombra Enrico Caruso Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra author  
Victor B-23138 10-in. 9/8/1919 'A vucchella Enrico Caruso Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra author  
Victor BVE-35466 10-in. 5/18/1926 'A vucchella Rosa Ponselle Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra author  
Victor BVE-39899 10-in. 10/19/1927 'A vucchella Tito Schipa Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra author  
Brunswick X9091 12-in. approximately Oct. 1922 Alba separa dalla luce I'ombra Mario Chamlee Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra lyricist  
Gramophone 0EA12727 10-in. 2/17/1948 'A vucchella Tito Gobbi Male vocal solo, with orchestra author  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "D’Annunzio, Gabriele," accessed July 25, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102306.

D’Annunzio, Gabriele. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved July 25, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102306.

"D’Annunzio, Gabriele." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 25 July 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102306

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