Charles Gates Dawes
Charles Gates Dawes (August 27, 1865 – April 23, 1951) was an American banker, general, diplomat, composer, and Republican politician who was the 30th vice president of the United States from 1925 to 1929. For his work on the Dawes Plan for World War I reparations, he was a co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1925.
Born in Marietta, Ohio, Dawes attended Cincinnati Law School before beginning a legal career in Lincoln, Nebraska. After serving as a gas plant executive, he managed William McKinley's 1896 presidential campaign in Illinois. After the election, McKinley appointed Dawes as the Comptroller of the Currency, and he remained in that position until 1901 before forming the Central Trust Company of Illinois. Dawes served as a general during World War I, holding the position of chairman of the general purchasing board for the American Expeditionary Forces. In 1921, President Warren G. Harding appointed Dawes as the first Director of the Bureau of the Budget. Dawes also served on the Allied Reparations Commission, where he helped formulate the Dawes Plan to aid the struggling German economy, though the plan was eventually replaced by the Young Plan.
The 1924 Republican National Convention nominated President Calvin Coolidge without opposition. After Frank Lowden declined the vice presidential nomination, the convention chose Dawes as Coolidge's running mate. The Republican ticket won the 1924 presidential election and Dawes was sworn in as vice president in 1925. Dawes helped pass the McNary–Haugen Farm Relief Bill in Congress, but the bill was vetoed by President Coolidge. Dawes was a candidate for re-nomination at the 1928 Republican National Convention, but Coolidge's opposition to Dawes helped ensure that Charles Curtis was nominated for the vice presidency instead. In 1929, President Herbert Hoover appointed Dawes to be the Ambassador to the United Kingdom. Dawes also briefly led the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, which organized a government response to the Great Depression. He resigned from that position in 1932 to return to banking, and he died in 1951 of coronary thrombosis.
Birth and Death Data: Born August 27th, 1865 (Marietta), Died April 23rd, 1951 (Evanston)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1921 - 1926
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-25130||10-in.||3/31/1921||Melody in A major||Fritz Kreisler||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-31155||10-in.||11/10/1924||Melody||Jack Chapman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band, with male vocal solo||composer|
|Brunswick||B106-B108||10-in.||9/24/1924||Melody||Fredric Fradkin||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Edison||10844||10-in.||2/20/1926||Melody||Carl Flesch ; Kurt Ruhrseitz||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Dawes, Charles Gates," accessed September 23, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102323.
Dawes, Charles Gates. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved September 23, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102323.
"Dawes, Charles Gates." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 23 September 2021.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
Send the Editors a message about this record.