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Elizabeth Barrett Browning

Elizabeth Barrett Browning (née Moulton-Barrett, ; 6 March 1806 – 29 June 1861) was an English poet of the Victorian era, popular in Britain and the United States during her lifetime.

Born in County Durham, the eldest of 12 children, Elizabeth Barrett wrote poetry from the age of eleven. Her mother's collection of her poems forms one of the largest extant collections of juvenilia by any English writer. At 15 she became ill, suffering intense head and spinal pain for the rest of her life. Later in life she also developed lung problems, possibly tuberculosis. She took laudanum for the pain from an early age, which is likely to have contributed to her frail health.

In the 1840s Elizabeth was introduced to literary society through her cousin, John Kenyon. Her first adult collection of poems was published in 1838 and she wrote prolifically between 1841 and 1844, producing poetry, translation and prose. She campaigned for the abolition of slavery and her work helped influence reform in the child labour legislation. Her prolific output made her a rival to Tennyson as a candidate for poet laureate on the death of Wordsworth.

Elizabeth's volume Poems (1844) brought her great success, attracting the admiration of the writer Robert Browning. Their correspondence, courtship and marriage were carried out in secret, for fear of her father's disapproval. Following the wedding she was indeed disinherited by her father. In 1846, the couple moved to Italy, where she would live for the rest of her life. They had one son, Robert Wiedeman Barrett Browning, whom they called Pen. She died in Florence in 1861. A collection of her last poems was published by her husband shortly after her death.

Elizabeth's work had a major influence on prominent writers of the day, including the American poets Edgar Allan Poe and Emily Dickinson. She is remembered for such poems as "How Do I Love Thee?" (Sonnet 43, 1845) and Aurora Leigh (1856).

Birth and Death Data: Born March 6th, 1806 (Durham), Died June 29th, 1861 (Florence)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1911 - 1928

Roles Represented in DAHR: author


Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor C-24793 12-in. 1/14/1921 Crossing the bar Julia Marlowe Recitation author  
Victor CVE-42994 12-in. 9/26/1928 Mother and poet, part 1 Mrs. Cyrus A. Dolph Recitation author  
Victor CVE-42995 12-in. 9/26/1928 Mother and poet, part 2 Mrs. Cyrus A. Dolph Recitation author  
Victor [Trial 1928-04-30-01] 10-in. 4/30/1928 Sonnets from the Portuguese, no. 14 and 22 Edith Wynne Matthison Recitation, unaccompanied author  
Edison 900 10-in. Dec. 1911 Unless Violet Oppenshaw Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra author  


Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Browning, Elizabeth Barrett," accessed September 23, 2021,

Browning, Elizabeth Barrett. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved September 23, 2021, from

"Browning, Elizabeth Barrett." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 23 September 2021.

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