Jean Sibelius (; Swedish pronunciation ), born Johan Julius Christian Sibelius (8 December 1865 – 20 September 1957), was a Finnish composer and violinist of the late Romantic and early-modern periods. He is widely recognized as his country's greatest composer and, through his music, is often credited with having helped Finland to develop a national identity during its struggle for independence from Russia.
The core of his oeuvre is his set of seven symphonies, which, like his other major works, are regularly performed and recorded in his home country and internationally. His other best-known compositions are Finlandia, the Karelia Suite, Valse triste, the Violin Concerto, the choral symphony Kullervo, and The Swan of Tuonela (from the Lemminkäinen Suite). Other works include pieces inspired by nature, Nordic mythology, and the Finnish national epic, the Kalevala, over a hundred songs for voice and piano, incidental music for numerous plays, the opera Jungfrun i tornet (The Maiden in the Tower), chamber music, piano music, Masonic ritual music, and 21 publications of choral music.
Sibelius composed prolifically until the mid-1920s, but after completing his Seventh Symphony (1924), the incidental music for The Tempest (1926) and the tone poem Tapiola (1926), he stopped producing major works in his last thirty years, a stunning and perplexing decline commonly referred to as "The Silence of Järvenpää", the location of his home. Although he is reputed to have stopped composing, he attempted to continue writing, including abortive efforts on an eighth symphony. In later life, he wrote Masonic music and re-edited some earlier works while retaining an active but not always favourable interest in new developments in music.
The Finnish 100 mark note featured his image until 2002, when the euro was adopted. Since 2011, Finland has celebrated a Flag Day on 8 December, the composer's birthday, also known as the "Day of Finnish Music". In 2015, the 150th anniversary of the composer's birth, a number of special concerts and events were held, especially in the city of Helsinki.
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Birth and Death Data: Born December 8, 1865 (Hämeenlinna), Died September 20, 1957 (Ainola)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1910 - 1940
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 126 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-9190||10-in.||7/19/1910||Illalle||Juho Koskelo||Male vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-10304||10-in.||5/9/1911||Finlandia||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-10656||10-in.||6/28/1911||Romance||Charles Gilbert Spross||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||C-13352||12-in.||5/24/1913||Valse triste||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-14995||12-in.||6/24/1914||Twilight||Maud Powell||Violin solo, with harp and piano||composer|
|Victor||C-14999||12-in.||6/24/1914||Valse triste||Maud Powell||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-15573||12-in.||1/11/1915||Valse triste||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-19981||10-in.||6/7/1917||Isänmaalle||Elli Suokas||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-22584||10-in.||2/13/1919||Ateenalaisten laulu||Jean Theslöf||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-22807||12-in.||4/30/1919||Valse triste||Victor Herbert's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-24988||12-in.||3/15/1921||Finlandia, op. 26, no. 7||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-34067||12-in.||12/22/1925||Valse triste||Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-35611||10-in.||5/18/1926||Jo joutuu ilta||Jean Theslöf||Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Victor||CVE-45079||12-in.||5/31/1928||Valse triste||Mischa Elman||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||CVE-47973||12-in.||5/2/1929||The swan of Tuonela||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-47980||12-in.||5/3/1929||The swan of Tuonela||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-56156||10-in.||9/26/1929||Ristilukki||Henry Holm||Male vocal solo, with violin, cello, and piano||composer|
|Victor||CVE-56834||12-in.||4/28/1930||Finlandia||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-56835||12-in.||4/28/1930||Finlandia (Concluded)||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CSHQ-72076||12-in.||4/23/1932||Symphony no. 4, in A minor||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CSHQ-72077||12-in.||4/23/1932||Symphony no. 4, in A minor||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||LCSHQ-72078||12-in. (33-1/3 rpm)||4/23/1932||Symphony no. 4, in A minor||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CSHQ-72079||12-in.||4/23/1932||Symphony no. 4, in A minor||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CSHQ-72080||12-in.||4/23/1932||Symphony no. 4, in A minor||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Sibelius, Jean," accessed March 29, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102395.
Sibelius, Jean. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved March 29, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102395.
"Sibelius, Jean." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 29 March 2023.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
Wikipedia: Jean Sibelius
Discogs: Jean Sibelius
Allmusic: Jean Sibelius
Apple Music: Jean Sibelius
Linked Open Data Sources
LCNAR: Sibelius, Jean, 1865-1957 - http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79068399
Wikidata: Jean Sibelius - http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q45682
MusicBrainz: Jean Sibelius - https://musicbrainz.org/artist/691b0e9d-9e57-41cf-932d-a3d21b068e75
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