Image Source: Wikipedia

Gioacchino Rossini

Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who gained fame for his 39 operas, although he also wrote many songs, some chamber music and piano pieces, and some sacred music. He set new standards for both comic and serious opera before retiring from large-scale composition while still in his thirties, at the height of his popularity.

Born in Pesaro to parents who were both musicians (his father a trumpeter, his mother a singer), Rossini began to compose by the age of 12 and was educated at music school in Bologna. His first opera was performed in Venice in 1810 when he was 18 years old. In 1815 he was engaged to write operas and manage theatres in Naples. In the period 1810–1823 he wrote 34 operas for the Italian stage that were performed in Venice, Milan, Ferrara, Naples and elsewhere; this productivity necessitated an almost formulaic approach for some components (such as overtures) and a certain amount of self-borrowing. During this period he produced his most popular works including the comic operas L'italiana in Algeri, Il barbiere di Siviglia (known in English as The Barber of Seville) and La Cenerentola, which brought to a peak the opera buffa tradition he inherited from masters such as Domenico Cimarosa. He also composed opera seria works such as Otello, Tancredi and Semiramide. All of these attracted admiration for their innovation in melody, harmonic and instrumental colour, and dramatic form. In 1824 he was contracted by the Opéra in Paris, for which he produced an opera to celebrate the coronation of Charles X, Il viaggio a Reims (later cannibalised for his first opera in French, Le comte Ory), revisions of two of his Italian operas, Le siège de Corinthe and Moïse, and in 1829 his last opera, Guillaume Tell.

Rossini's withdrawal from opera for the last 40 years of his life has never been fully explained; contributary factors may have been ill-health, the wealth his success had brought him, and the rise of spectacular grand opera under composers such as Giacomo Meyerbeer. From the early 1830s to 1855, when he left Paris and was based in Bologna, Rossini wrote relatively little. On his return to Paris in 1855 he became renowned for his musical salons on Saturdays, regularly attended by musicians and the artistic and fashionable circles of Paris, for which he wrote the entertaining pieces Péchés de vieillesse. Guests included Franz Liszt, Anton Rubinstein, Giuseppe Verdi, Meyerbeer and Joseph Joachim. Rossini's last major composition was his Petite messe solennelle (1863). He died in Paris in 1868.

Birth and Death Data: Born February 29th, 1792 (Pesaro), Died November 13th, 1868 (Passy)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1939

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

Recordings (Results 26-50 of 481 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor [Pre-matrix D-]2034 14-in. 1903 Inflammatus Jules Levy Cornet solo, with piano composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]2203 12-in. 1901-03 William Tell overture Victor Grand Concert Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]2204 12-in. 1901-03 William Tell overture Victor Grand Concert Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]2205 12-in. 1901-03 William Tell overture Victor Grand Concert Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]2209 12-in. 1901-03 Cujus animam Victor Grand Concert Band Band, with trombone solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3056 10-in. 1/22/1901 Largo al factotum Sig. Carlos Francisco Tenor vocal solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]3402 10-in. 5/24/1901 Dunque io son Rosalia Chalia ; Sig. Carlos Francisco Vocal duet (soprano and contralto) composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]31026 12-in. 1901-1902 William Tell overture Victor Grand Concert Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]31066 12-in. 1901-1902 Largo al factotum Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor B-69 10-in. 6/8/1903 Largo al factotum Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor C-188 [Old series] 12-in. 2/9/1903 or 5/26/1903 Largo al factotum Sig. Carlos Francisco Baritone vocal solo composer  
Victor A-211 7-in. 7/29/1903 Selections from the Barber of Saville Clarke's Band of Providence Band composer  
Victor C-211 12-in. 7/29/1903 The barber of Seville : Selections Clarke's Band of Providence Band composer  
Victor B-211 10-in. 7/29/1903 Selections from the Barber of Saville Clarke's Band of Providence Band composer  
Victor B-275 10-in. 8/15/1903 Ballet music Sousa's Band Band, with flute solo composer  
Victor A-275 7-in. 8/15/1903 Ballet music Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor A-276 7-in. 8/15/1903 William Tell overture finale Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-276 10-in. 8/15/1903 William Tell overture finale Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-278 10-in. 8/15/1903 Alpine duet Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor C-278 12-in. 8/15/1903 Alpine duet Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor A-358 7-in. 8/28/1903 Cujus animam Arthur Pryor ; Sousa's Band Trombone solo, with band composer  
Victor B-358 10-in. 8/28/1903 Cujus animam Arthur Pryor ; Sousa's Band Trombone solo, with band composer  
Victor C-358 12-in. 8/28/1903 Cujus animam Arthur Pryor ; Sousa's Band Trombone solo, with band composer  
Victor B-434 10-in. 9/18/1903 Largo al factotum Giuseppe Campanari Baritone vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor A-841 7-in. 12/16/1903 Inflammatus Arthur Pryor's Band Band, with trombone solo composer  
(Results 26-50 of 481 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Rossini, Gioacchino," accessed February 25, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102419.

Rossini, Gioacchino. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 25, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102419.

"Rossini, Gioacchino." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 25 February 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102419

Feedback

Send the Editors a message about this record.