Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (, also US: ; Italian: [ˈklaudjo monteˈverdi] (listen); baptized 15 May 1567 – 29 November 1643) was an Italian composer, string player, choirmaster, and priest. A composer of both secular and sacred music, and a pioneer in the development of opera, he is considered a crucial transitional figure between the Renaissance and Baroque periods of music history.
Born in Cremona, where he undertook his first musical studies and compositions, Monteverdi developed his career first at the court of Mantua (c. 1590–1613) and then until his death in the Republic of Venice where he was maestro di cappella at the basilica of San Marco. His surviving letters give insight into the life of a professional musician in Italy of the period, including problems of income, patronage and politics.
Much of Monteverdi's output, including many stage works, has been lost. His surviving music includes nine books of madrigals, large-scale religious works, such as his Vespro della Beata Vergine (Vespers for the Blessed Virgin) of 1610, and three complete operas. His opera L'Orfeo (1607) is the earliest of the genre still widely performed; towards the end of his life he wrote works for Venice, including Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria and L'incoronazione di Poppea.
While he worked extensively in the tradition of earlier Renaissance polyphony, as evidenced in his madrigals, he undertook great developments in form and melody, and began to employ the basso continuo technique, distinctive of the Baroque. No stranger to controversy, he defended his sometimes novel techniques as elements of a seconda pratica, contrasting with the more orthodox earlier style which he termed the prima pratica. Largely forgotten during the eighteenth and much of the nineteenth centuries, his works enjoyed a rediscovery around the beginning of the twentieth century. He is now established both as a significant influence in European musical history and as a composer whose works are regularly performed and recorded.
Birth and Death Data: Born May 15, 1567 (Cremona), Died November 29, 1643 (Venice)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1914 - 1928
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-15217||10-in.||9/24/1914||O cessate di piagarmi||Reinald Werrenrath||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-15524||10-in.||12/17/1914||Tu se' morta||Reinald Werrenrath||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-47809||10-in.||10/5/1928||Orfeo : Ecco purch'a voi ritorno (Aye for you my spirit yearneth)||Ralph Crane||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||CO21987||10-in.||approximately 1937||Ecco mormorar l'onde||Lehman Engel ; Madrigal Singers||Vocal chorus||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Monteverdi, Claudio," accessed November 28, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102420.
Monteverdi, Claudio. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved November 28, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102420.
"Monteverdi, Claudio." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 28 November 2022.
DAHR Persistent Identifier
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