Johannes Brahms (German: [joˈhanəs ˈbʁaːms]; 7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer, pianist, and conductor of the Romantic period. Born in Hamburg into a Lutheran family, Brahms spent much of his professional life in Vienna. His reputation and status as a composer are such that he is sometimes grouped with Johann Sebastian Bach and Ludwig van Beethoven as one of the "Three Bs" of music, a comment originally made by the nineteenth-century conductor Hans von Bülow.
Brahms composed for symphony orchestra, chamber ensembles, piano, organ, and voice and chorus. A virtuoso pianist, he premiered many of his own works. He worked with some of the leading performers of his time, including the pianist Clara Schumann and the violinist Joseph Joachim (the three were close friends). Many of his works have become staples of the modern concert repertoire. An uncompromising perfectionist, Brahms destroyed some of his works and left others unpublished.
Brahms has been considered, by his contemporaries and by later writers, as both a traditionalist and an innovator. His music is firmly rooted in the structures and compositional techniques of the Classical masters. While many contemporaries found his music too academic, his contribution and craftsmanship have been admired by subsequent figures as diverse as Arnold Schoenberg and Edward Elgar. The diligent, highly constructed nature of Brahms's works was a starting point and an inspiration for a generation of composers. Embedded within his meticulous structures, however, are deeply romantic motifs.
Birth and Death Data: Born May 7th, 1833 (Hamburg), Died April 3rd, 1897 (Vienna)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1901 - 1950
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 470 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||A-336||7-in.||8/24/1903||Hungarian dance||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-336||10-in.||8/24/1903||Hungarian dance||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||A-798||7-in.||12/9/1903||Hungarian dance no. 5||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-798||10-in.||12/9/1903||Hungarian dance no. 5||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-798||12-in.||12/9/1903||Hungarian dance no. 5||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-3015||12-in.||1/17/1906||Sapphische Ode||Ernestine Schumann-Heink||Contralto vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-3015||10-in.||10/5/1923||Sapphische Ode||Ernestine Schumann-Heink||Contralto vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-3826||10-in.||9/21/1906||Wiegenlied||Ernestine Schumann-Heink||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-6207||12-in.||5/19/1908||Als die Alte Mutter||Emma Eames||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-7003||10-in.||4/16/1909||Minnelied||George Hamlin||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-8104||10-in.||7/13/1909||Hungarian dance no. 3||Howard Rattay||Violin solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-8294||10-in.||10/11/1909||Sapphische ode||Louise Homer||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BB-8653||10-in.||2/23/1910||Hungarian dance||Victor Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-8714||10-in.||3/14/1910||Lullaby||Mendelssohn Glee Club||Male vocal chorus||composer|
|Victor||B-8969||10-in.||5/18/1910||Hungarian dance in G minor||Fritz Kreisler||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-10200||10-in.||4/6/1911||Cradle song||Michele Rinaldi ; Vessella's Italian Band||Cornet solo, with band||composer|
|Victor||B-10255||10-in.||5/2/1911||Cradle song||Elizabeth Wheeler||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-10505||12-in.||6/2/1911||Sapphische ode||Alice Sovereign||Contralto vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-10538||10-in.||6/15/1911||Hungarian dance||Maud Powell||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-11087||10-in.||10/12/1911||Hungarian dance in D minor||Maud Powell||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-11298||12-in.||11/22/1911||Hungarian dance no. 20, D minor||Efrem Zimbalist||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-11530||10-in.||1/30/1912||Auf dem Kirchhofe||Johanna Gadski||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-11636||10-in.||2/28/1912||Mein Madel hat einen Rosenmund||Arthur Van Eweyk||Male vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-12379||10-in.||9/18/1912||Lullaby||Elsie Baker||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-12929||12-in.||2/19/1913||Rhapsodie||Luisa Tetrazzini||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra and cello obbligato||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Brahms, Johannes," accessed August 2, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102425.
Brahms, Johannes. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved August 2, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102425.
"Brahms, Johannes." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 2 August 2021.
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