Wilhelm Richard Wagner ( VAHG-nər, German: [ˈʁɪçaʁt ˈvaːɡnɐ] (listen); 22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his mature works were later known, "music dramas"). Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libretto and the music for each of his stage works. Initially establishing his reputation as a composer of works in the romantic vein of Carl Maria von Weber and Giacomo Meyerbeer, Wagner revolutionised opera through his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk ("total work of art"), by which he sought to synthesise the poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts, with music subsidiary to drama. He described this vision in a series of essays published between 1849 and 1852. Wagner realised these ideas most fully in the first half of the four-opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung).
His compositions, particularly those of his later period, are notable for their complex textures, rich harmonies and orchestration, and the elaborate use of leitmotifs—musical phrases associated with individual characters, places, ideas, or plot elements. His advances in musical language, such as extreme chromaticism and quickly shifting tonal centres, greatly influenced the development of classical music. His Tristan und Isolde is sometimes described as marking the start of modern music.
Wagner had his own opera house built, the Bayreuth Festspielhaus, which embodied many novel design features. The Ring and Parsifal were premiered here and his most important stage works continue to be performed at the annual Bayreuth Festival, run by his descendants. His thoughts on the relative contributions of music and drama in opera were to change again, and he reintroduced some traditional forms into his last few stage works, including Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (The Mastersingers of Nuremberg).
Until his final years, Wagner's life was characterised by political exile, turbulent love affairs, poverty and repeated flight from his creditors. His controversial writings on music, drama and politics have attracted extensive comment, notably, since the late 20th century, where they express antisemitic sentiments. The effect of his ideas can be traced in many of the arts throughout the 20th century; his influence spread beyond composition into conducting, philosophy, literature, the visual arts and theatre.
Birth and Death Data: Born May 22, 1813 (Leipzig), Died February 13, 1883 (Venice)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1896 - 1941
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 1119 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Berliner||98||7-in.||2/4/1898||Kaiser march||Banda Rossa||Band||composer|
|Berliner||232||7-in.||Before June 1896||Evening star||W. Paris Chambers||Cornet solo||composer|
|Berliner||835||7-in.||Before Apr. 1899||Bridal march||Chambers’ Brass Quartette||Brass quartet||composer|
|Berliner||1585||7-in.||Before Apr. 1899||Der abendstern||W. C. Deusing||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Berliner||1847||7-in.||Before Oct. 1898||Evening star||Alberto Del Campo||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Berliner||0215||7-in.||6/10/1899||Nibelungen march||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Berliner||0633||7-in.||10/13/1899||Der abendstern||Carl Bernhard||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Berliner||01095||7-in.||3/14/1900||Tannhäuser : March||Royal Italian Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]600||7-in.||1/7/1901||Bridal march||Moereman's Woodwind Quartet||Woodwind quartet||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]638||7-in.||1/26/1901||Bridal chorus||Kendle's First Regiment Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]638||10-in.||5/6/1902||Bridal chorus||Kendle's First Regiment Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1766||7-in.||11/14/1902||Tannhäuser : March||Clarke's Band of Providence||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1766||10-in.||11/14/1902||March||Clarke's Band of Providence||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1905||7-in.||1/16/1903||O du mein holder Abendstern||William Paull||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix D-]2030||14-in.||1903||Fantasia||Victor Grand Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]2069[a]||7-in.||3/9/1903||Nibelungen march||Victor Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]2069[a]||10-in.||3/9/1903||Nibelungen march||Victor Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]3234||10-in.||4/3/1901||Lohengrin selections||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]3257||10-in.||4/5/1901||Reminiscences of Wagner||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]3258||10-in.||4/5/1901||Selections from Lohengrin and Tannhauser||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]3623||10-in.||1/6/1902||Knights of the Holy Grail||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix C-]31099||12-in.||1901-1902||Rienzi overture||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||A-316||7-in.||8/19/1903||Lohengrin : Selections||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-316||10-in.||8/19/1903||Lohengrin : Selections||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-316||12-in.||8/27/1903||Lohengrin : Selections||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Wagner, Richard," accessed May 22, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102472.
Wagner, Richard. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved May 22, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102472.
"Wagner, Richard." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 22 May 2022.
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