Ghiyāth al-Dīn Abū al-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm Nīsābūrī (18 May 1048 – 4 December 1131), commonly known as Omar Khayyam (Persian: عمر خیّام), was a Persian polymath, known for his contributions to mathematics, astronomy, philosophy, and poetry. He was born in Nishapur, the initial capital of the Seljuk Empire. As a scholar, he was contemporary with the rule of the Seljuk dynasty around the time of the First Crusade.
As a mathematician, he is most notable for his work on the classification and solution of cubic equations, where he provided geometric solutions by the intersection of conics. Khayyam also contributed to the understanding of the parallel axiom.: 284 As an astronomer, he calculated the duration of the solar year with remarkable precision and accuracy, and designed the Jalali calendar, a solar calendar with a very precise 33-year intercalation cycle: 659 that provided the basis for the Persian calendar that is still in use after nearly a millennium.
There is a tradition of attributing poetry to Omar Khayyam, written in the form of quatrains (rubāʿiyāt رباعیات). This poetry became widely known to the English-reading world in a translation by Edward FitzGerald (Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, 1859), which enjoyed great success in the Orientalism of the fin de siècle.
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||C-10063||12-in.||3/16/1911||Ah! Moon of my delight||John McCormack||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||C-15716||12-in.||2/19/1915||Gems from In a Persian garden||Victor Opera Company||Vocal chorus and soloists, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||C-15744||12-in.||2/26/1915||Gems from In a Persian garden||Victor Opera Company||Vocal chorus and soloists, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||C-16113||12-in.||6/18/1915||Ah! Moon of my delight||Paul Althouse||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||CRC-71758||12-in.||6/30/1932||Five quatrains||Herbert M. Woollen||Male vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||BS-82332||10-in.||4/20/1934||Myself when young||Nathaniel Shilkret ; Lawrence Tibbett||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Columbia||48904||12-in.||8/30/1916||Ah moon of my delight||James Harrod||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Columbia||W98335||12-in.||4/28/1927||Ah, moon of my delight||Charles Hackett||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Columbia||W98546||12-in.||5/23/1928||Ah! Moon of my delight||Louis Graveure||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Columbia||75236||12-in.||12/8/1922||Myself when young||Norman Allin||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Brunswick||11376||12-in.||approximately 1921||Ah! Moon of my delight||Theo Karle||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Brunswick||XE36961||12-in.||8/4/1931||Seiberling Singers program II, pt. 2||Seiberling Singers and Orchestra||Radio transcription disc : Vocal and instrumental ensemble||author|
|Brunswick||280W-282W||10-in.||1/27/1925||Ah, moon of my delight||Colin O'More||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Edison||809||Not documented||9/18/1911||Ah! Moon of my delight||Reed Miller||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Edison||823||Not documented||10/19/1911||In a Persian garden||Frank Croxton Quartet||Mixed vocal quartet||author|
|Edison||1289||10-in.||9/27/1912||Ah! Moon of my delight||Reed Miller||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Edison||2004||10-in.||11/7/1912||Ah! Moon of my delight||Reed Miller||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Omar Khayyam," accessed December 9, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102517.
Omar Khayyam. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 9, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102517.
"Omar Khayyam." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 9 December 2023.
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