Omar Khayyam

Omar Khayyam (; Persian: عمر خیّام[oˈmæɾ xæjˈjɒːm]; 18 May 1048 – 4 December 1131) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet. He was born in Nishabur, in northeastern Iran, and spent most of his life near the court of the Karakhanid and Seljuq rulers in the period which witnessed the First Crusade.

As a mathematician, he is most notable for his work on the classification and solution of cubic equations, where he provided geometric solutions by the intersection of conics. Khayyam also contributed to the understanding of the parallel axiom. As an astronomer, he designed the Jalali calendar, a solar calendar with a very precise 33-year intercalation cycle.

There is a tradition of attributing poetry to Omar Khayyam, written in the form of quatrains (rubāʿiyāt رباعیات‎). This poetry became widely known to the English-reading world in a translation by Edward FitzGerald (Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, 1859), which enjoyed great success in the Orientalism of the fin de siècle.

Birth and Death Data: Born May 24th, 1048 (Nishapur), Died December 11th, 1131 (Nishapur)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1911 - 1934

Roles Represented in DAHR: author

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor C-10063 12-in. 3/16/1911 Ah! Moon of my delight John McCormack Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra Composer  
Victor C-15716 12-in. 2/19/1915 Gems from In a Persian garden Victor Opera Company Vocal chorus and soloists, with orchestra Composer  
Victor C-15744 12-in. 2/26/1915 Gems from In a Persian garden Victor Opera Company Vocal chorus and soloists, with orchestra Composer  
Victor C-16113 12-in. 6/18/1915 Ah! Moon of my delight Paul Althouse Male vocal solo, with orchestra Composer  
Victor CRC-71758 12-in. 6/30/1932 Five quatrains Herbert M. Woollen Male vocal solo, with piano Composer  
Victor BS-82332 10-in. 4/20/1934 Myself when young Nathaniel Shilkret ; Lawrence Tibbett Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra Composer  
Columbia 48904 12-in. 8/30/1916 Ah moon of my delight James Harrod Male vocal solo, with orchestra Composer  
Columbia 98335 12-in. 4/28/1927 Ah, moon of my delight Charles Hackett Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra Composer  
Columbia 98546 12-in. 5/23/1928 Ah! Moon of my delight Louis Graveure Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra Composer  
Edison 809 Not documented 9/18/1911 Ah! Moon of my delight Reed Miller Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra Composer  
Edison 823 Not documented 10/19/1911 In a Persian garden Frank Croxton Quartet Mixed vocal quartet Composer  
Edison 1289 10-in. 9/27/1912 Ah! Moon of my delight Reed Miller Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra Composer  
Edison 2004 10-in. 11/7/1912 Ah! Moon of my delight Reed Miller Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra Composer  
Vocalion 280W-282W 10-in. 1/27/1925 Ah, moon of my delight Colin O'More Male vocal solo, with orchestra Composer  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Omar Khayyam," accessed September 20, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102517.

Omar Khayyam. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved September 20, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102517.

"Omar Khayyam." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 20 September 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102517

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