Omar Khayyam (; Persian: عمر خیّام [oˈmæɾ xæjˈjɒːm]; 18 May 1048 – 4 December 1131) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet. He was born in Nishabur, in northeastern Iran, and spent most of his life near the court of the Karakhanid and Seljuq rulers in the period which witnessed the First Crusade.
As a mathematician, he is most notable for his work on the classification and solution of cubic equations, where he provided geometric solutions by the intersection of conics. Khayyam also contributed to the understanding of the parallel axiom. As an astronomer, he designed the Jalali calendar, a solar calendar with a very precise 33-year intercalation cycle.
There is a tradition of attributing poetry to Omar Khayyam, written in the form of quatrains (rubāʿiyāt رباعیات). This poetry became widely known to the English-reading world in a translation by Edward FitzGerald (Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, 1859), which enjoyed great success in the Orientalism of the fin de siècle.
Birth and Death Data: Born May 24th, 1048 (Nishapur), Died December 11th, 1131 (Nishapur)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1911 - 1934
Roles Represented in DAHR: author
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||C-10063||12-in.||3/16/1911||Ah! Moon of my delight||John McCormack||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||C-15716||12-in.||2/19/1915||Gems from In a Persian garden||Victor Opera Company||Vocal chorus and soloists, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||C-15744||12-in.||2/26/1915||Gems from In a Persian garden||Victor Opera Company||Vocal chorus and soloists, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||C-16113||12-in.||6/18/1915||Ah! Moon of my delight||Paul Althouse||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Victor||CRC-71758||12-in.||6/30/1932||Five quatrains||Herbert M. Woollen||Male vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Victor||BS-82332||10-in.||4/20/1934||Myself when young||Nathaniel Shilkret ; Lawrence Tibbett||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Columbia||48904||12-in.||8/30/1916||Ah moon of my delight||James Harrod||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Columbia||W98335||12-in.||4/28/1927||Ah, moon of my delight||Charles Hackett||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Columbia||W98546||12-in.||5/23/1928||Ah! Moon of my delight||Louis Graveure||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Columbia||75236||12-in.||12/8/1922||Myself when young||Norman Allin||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||author|
|Brunswick||280W-282W||10-in.||1/27/1925||Ah, moon of my delight||Colin O'More||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Brunswick||XE36961||12-in.||8/4/1931||Seiberling Singers program II, pt. 2||Seiberling Singers and Orchestra||Radio transcription disc : Vocal and instrumental ensemble||author|
|Edison||809||Not documented||9/18/1911||Ah! Moon of my delight||Reed Miller||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Edison||823||Not documented||10/19/1911||In a Persian garden||Frank Croxton Quartet||Mixed vocal quartet||author|
|Edison||1289||10-in.||9/27/1912||Ah! Moon of my delight||Reed Miller||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
|Edison||2004||10-in.||11/7/1912||Ah! Moon of my delight||Reed Miller||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||author|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Omar Khayyam," accessed October 27, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102517.
Omar Khayyam. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 27, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102517.
"Omar Khayyam." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 27 October 2021.
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