Victor August Herbert (February 1, 1859 – May 26, 1924) was an American composer, cellist and conductor of Irish ancestry and German training. Although Herbert enjoyed important careers as a cello soloist and conductor, he is best known for composing many successful operettas that premiered on Broadway from the 1890s to World War I. He was also prominent among the Tin Pan Alley composers and was later a founder of the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP). A prolific composer, Herbert produced two operas, a cantata, 43 operettas, incidental music to 10 plays, 31 compositions for orchestra, nine band compositions, nine cello compositions, five violin compositions with piano or orchestra, 22 piano compositions and numerous songs, choral compositions and orchestrations of works by other composers, among other music.
In the early 1880s, Herbert began a career as a cellist in Vienna, Austria, and Stuttgart, Germany, during which he began to compose orchestral music. Herbert and his opera singer wife, Therese Förster, moved to the U.S. in 1886 when both were engaged by the Metropolitan Opera. In the U.S., Herbert continued his performing career, while also teaching at the National Conservatory of Music, conducting and composing. His most notable instrumental compositions were his Cello Concerto No. 2 in E minor, Op. 30 (1894), which entered the standard repertoire, and his Auditorium Festival March (1901). He led the Pittsburgh Symphony from 1898 to 1904 and then founded the Victor Herbert Orchestra, which he conducted throughout the rest of his life.
Herbert began to compose operettas in 1894, producing several successes, including The Serenade (1897) and The Fortune Teller (1898). Some of the operettas that he wrote after the turn of the 20th century were even more successful: Babes in Toyland (1903), Mlle. Modiste (1905), The Red Mill (1906), Naughty Marietta (1910), Sweethearts (1913) and Eileen (1917). After World War I, with the change of popular musical tastes, Herbert began to compose musicals and contributed music to other composers' shows. While some of these were well-received, he never again achieved the level of success that he had enjoyed with his most popular operettas.
Birth and Death Data: Born February 1, 1859 (Dublin), Died May 24, 1924 (New York City)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1896 - 1950
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, conductor, arranger, cello, orchestrator
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 101-125 of 858 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1220||10-in.||1/29/1902||The fortune teller : March||Kendle's First Regiment Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1667||7-in.||10/8/1902||Gypsy love song||Herbert Goddard||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1667||10-in.||10/8/1902||Gypsy love song||Herbert Goddard||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1761||7-in.||11/14/1902||Pan-Americana||Clarke's Band of Providence||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1761||10-in.||11/14/1902||Pan-Americana||Clarke's Band of Providence||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix D-]2031||14-in.||1903||Badinage||Victor Grand Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix C-]2202||12-in.||between 1901 and 1903||Baltimore Centennial march||Victor Grand Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]3216||10-in.||3/28/1901||The ameer : March||Kendle's First Regiment Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]3217||10-in.||3/28/1901||March from The fortune teller||Kendle's First Regiment Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]3235||10-in.||4/3/1901||The bride elect : Sextette||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]3315||10-in.||5/3/1901||Just for to-day||Harry Macdonough||Male vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||B-189||10-in.||7/3/1903||Badinage||Royal Italian Marine Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-211 [Old series]||12-in.||2/9/1903 or 5/26/1903||Selections from the Fortune teller||Victor Herbert's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||A-219||7-in.||8/3/1903||Pan-Americana||Clarke's Band of Providence||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-219||10-in.||8/3/1903||Pan-Americana||Clarke's Band of Providence||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-235||10-in.||8/4/1903||Ah! Cupid||Clarke's Band of Providence||Band||composer|
|Victor||A-264||7-in.||8/13/1903||Serenade waltz||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-264||10-in.||8/13/1903||Serenade waltz||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||A-354||7-in.||8/27/1903||Baltimore Centennial march||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-354||10-in.||8/27/1903||Baltimore Centennial march||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-354||12-in.||8/27/1903||Baltimore Centennial march||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||A-401||7-in.||9/5/1903||Gypsy love song||Henry Higgins ; Walter B. Rogers||Cornet duet||composer|
|Victor||B-401||10-in.||9/5/1903||Gypsy love song||Henry Higgins ; Walter B. Rogers||Cornet duet||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Herbert, Victor," accessed December 5, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102518.
Herbert, Victor. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 5, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102518.
"Herbert, Victor." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 5 December 2022.
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