Victor August Herbert (February 1, 1859 – May 26, 1924) was an American composer, cellist and conductor of Irish ancestry and German training. Although Herbert enjoyed important careers as a cello soloist and conductor, he is best known for composing many successful operettas that premiered on Broadway from the 1890s to World War I. He was also prominent among the Tin Pan Alley composers and was later a founder of the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP). A prolific composer, Herbert produced two operas, a cantata, 43 operettas, incidental music to 10 plays, 31 compositions for orchestra, nine band compositions, nine cello compositions, five violin compositions with piano or orchestra, 22 piano compositions and numerous songs, choral compositions and orchestrations of works by other composers, among other music.
In the early 1880s, Herbert began a career as a cellist in Vienna, Austria, and Stuttgart, Germany, during which he began to compose orchestral music. Herbert and his opera singer wife, Therese Förster, moved to the U.S. in 1886 when both were engaged by the Metropolitan Opera. In the U.S., Herbert continued his performing career, while also teaching at the National Conservatory of Music, conducting and composing. His most notable instrumental compositions were his Cello Concerto No. 2 in E minor, Op. 30 (1894), which entered the standard repertoire, and his Auditorium Festival March (1901). He led the Pittsburgh Symphony from 1898 to 1904 and then founded the Victor Herbert Orchestra, which he conducted throughout the rest of his life.
Herbert began to compose operettas in 1894, producing several successes, including The Serenade (1897) and The Fortune Teller (1898). Some of the operettas that he wrote after the turn of the 20th century were even more successful: Babes in Toyland (1903), Mlle. Modiste (1905), The Red Mill (1906), Naughty Marietta (1910), Sweethearts (1913) and Eileen (1917). After World War I, with the change of popular musical tastes, Herbert began to compose musicals and contributed music to other composers' shows. While some of these were well-received, he never again achieved the level of success that he had enjoyed with his most popular operettas.
Birth and Death Data: Born February 1, 1859 (Dublin), Died May 24, 1924 (New York City)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1896 - 1950
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, conductor, arranger, cello, orchestrator
= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.
Recordings (Results 126-150 of 858 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||A-648||7-in.||11/6/1903||Just for today||Harry Macdonough||Male vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||A-816||7-in.||12/11/1903||Baltimore Centennial march||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-816||12-in.||12/11/1903||Baltimore Centennial march||Victor Grand Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-816||10-in.||12/11/1903||Baltimore Centennial march||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-1136||10-in.||3/18/1904||Toyland||Walter B. Rogers||Cornet solo, with band||composer|
|Victor||B-1150-A||10-in.||3/22/1904||Lancers||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-1150-D||10-in.||5/20/1904||Lancers||Arthur Pryor's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||A-1165||7-in.||3/25/1904||I can't do that sum||S. H. Dudley ; Haydn Quartet||Male vocal solo and male vocal quartet, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-1165||10-in.||3/25/1904||I can't do that sum||S. H. Dudley ; Haydn Quartet||Male vocal solo and male vocal quartet, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-1165||12-in.||3/25/1904||I can't do that sum||S. H. Dudley ; Haydn Quartet||Male vocal solo and male vocal quartet, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-1166||10-in.||3/25/1904||Toyland||Haydn Quartet ; Corinne Morgan||Female vocal solo and male vocal quartet, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-1166||12-in.||3/25/1904||Toyland||Haydn Quartet ; Corinne Morgan||Female vocal solo and male vocal quartet, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-1194||10-in.||4/7/1904||Babes in Toyland medley||Parke Hunter ; Vess L. Ossman||Banjo duet, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-1194||12-in.||4/7/1904||Babes in Toyland medley||Parke Hunter ; Vess L. Ossman||Banjo duet, with piano||composer|
|Victor||A-1234||7-in.||4/20/1904||March||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-1234||10-in.||4/20/1904||Babes in Toyland march||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-1527||12-in.||6/28/1904||I can't do that sum polka||Victor Dance Orchestra [i.e., Pryor's Orchestra]||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-1527||10-in.||6/28/1904||I can't do that sum polka||Victor Dance Orchestra [i.e., Pryor's Orchestra]||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-1528||10-in.||6/28/1904||Babes in Toyland two-step||Victor Dance Orchestra [i.e., Pryor's Orchestra]||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-1528||12-in.||6/28/1904||Babes in Toyland march||Victor Dance Orchestra [i.e., Pryor's Orchestra]||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-2125||10-in.||1/10/1905||Al fresco||Arthur Pryor's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-2526||10-in.||5/5/1905||March||Arthur Pryor's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-2527||10-in.||5/5/1905||Waltz||Arthur Pryor's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-2643||10-in.||6/16/1905||The three solitaires||Herman Bellstedt ; Herbert L. Clarke ; Walter B. Rogers ; Sousa's Band||Cornet trio, with band||composer|
|Victor||B-2707||10-in.||8/8/1905||Absinthe frappé||Billy Murray||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Herbert, Victor," accessed December 5, 2022, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102518.
Herbert, Victor. (2022). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 5, 2022, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102518.
"Herbert, Victor." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2022. Web. 5 December 2022.
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