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Emmanuel Chabrier

Alexis-Emmanuel Chabrier (French: [ɛmanɥɛl ʃabʁie]; 18 January 1841 – 13 September 1894) was a Romantic composer and pianist, born in Ambert, central France. His bourgeois family did not approve of a musical career for him, and he studied law in Paris and then worked as a civil servant until the age of thirty-nine while immersing himself in the modernist artistic life of the French capital and composing in his spare time. From 1880 until his final illness he was a full-time composer.

Although known primarily for two of his orchestral works, España and Joyeuse marche, Chabrier left a corpus of operas (including L'étoile), songs, and piano music, but no symphonies, concertos, quartets, sonatas, or religious or liturgical music. His lack of academic training left him free to create his own musical language, unaffected by established rules, and he was regarded by many later composers as an important innovator and a catalyst who paved the way for French modernism. He was admired by, and influenced, composers as diverse as Debussy, Ravel, Richard Strauss, Satie, Stravinsky, and the group of composers known as Les six. Writing at a time when French musicians were generally proponents or opponents of the music of Wagner, Chabrier steered a middle course, sometimes incorporating Wagnerian traits into his music and at other times avoiding them.

Chabrier was associated with some of the leading writers and painters of his time. Among his closest friends was the painter Édouard Manet, and Chabrier collected Impressionist paintings long before they became fashionable. A number of such paintings from his personal collection by artists known to him are now housed in some of the world's leading art museums. He penned a large number of letters to friends and colleagues which offer an insight into his musical opinions and character.

Chabrier died in Paris at the age of fifty-three from a neurological disease, probably caused by syphilis.

Birth and Death Data: Born January 18th, 1841 (Ambert), Died September 13th, 1894 (Paris)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1907 - 1950

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 26 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor C-17817 12-in. 6/8/1916 Espana rhapsody Victor Band Band composer  
Victor C-22510 12-in. 1/9/1919 Scherzo valse Alfred Cortot Piano solo composer  
Victor C-22809 12-in. 5/5/1919 España rapsodie Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor B-26081 10-in. 2/9/1922 España rapsodie Guy Maier ; Lee Pattison Piano duet composer  
Victor BVE-41974 10-in. 4/17/1928 España rapsodie Detroit Symphony Orchestra ; Ossip Gabrilowitsch Orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-41975 10-in. 4/17/1928 España rapsodie Detroit Symphony Orchestra ; Ossip Gabrilowitsch Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-53486 12-in. 7/3/1929 Marche joyeuse Rosario Bourdon ; Victor Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-53487 12-in. 7/3/1929 Danse slave Rosario Bourdon ; Victor Symphony Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-010966 10-in. 6/29/1937 España rapsodie Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler Orchestra composer  
Victor VS-010967 10-in. 6/29/1937 España rapsodie Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler Orchestra composer  
Victor BS-018076 10-in. 1/19/1938 Idylle Emma Boynet Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-018439 10-in. 1/31/1938 Bouree fantasque Emma Boynet Piano solo composer  
Victor BS-018440 10-in. 1/31/1938 Bouree fantasque Emma Boynet Piano solo composer  
Victor CS-046148 12-in. 12/29/1939 Espana rhapsody, part 1 Isabel Scionti ; Silvio Scionti Piano duet composer  
Victor CS-046149 12-in. 12/29/1939 Espana rhapsody, part 2 Isabel Scionti ; Silvio Scionti Piano duet composer  
Victor E0RB-4857 10-in. 6/20/1950 España rapsodie Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler Orchestra composer  
Victor E0RB-4858 10-in. 6/20/1950 España rapsodie Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler Orchestra composer  
Columbia 36514 12-in. 12/24/1912 Scherzo valse Eugène Ysaÿe Violin solo, with piano composer  
Columbia 37253 12-in. 4/14/1915 Espana rhapsody Prince's Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Columbia 49574 12-in. 1/13/1919 España rhapsody Columbia Orchestra ; Charles Adams Prince Orchestra composer  
Columbia 49715 12-in. 11/30/1919 Marche joyeuse Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra ; Eugène Ysaÿe Orchestra composer  
Columbia 6676 12-in. approximately 1915 Rhapsody España New Queens Hall Symphony Orchestra ; Henry J. Wood Orchestra composer  
OKeh W400423 10-in. 3/8/1928 Feuillet d'album Eulalio Sánchez Flute solo, with piano composer  
Edison 1506 Not documented Nov. 1920 Habanera E. Robert Schmitz Piano solo composer  
Edison 5753 10-in. 8/30/1917 Scherzo André Benoist ; Albert Spalding Violin solo, with piano composer  
(Results 1-25 of 26 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Chabrier, Emmanuel," accessed August 2, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102522.

Chabrier, Emmanuel. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved August 2, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102522.

"Chabrier, Emmanuel." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 2 August 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102522

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