Alexis-Emmanuel Chabrier (French: [ɛmanɥɛl ʃabʁie]; 18 January 1841 – 13 September 1894) was a Romantic composer and pianist, born in Ambert, central France. His bourgeois family did not approve of a musical career for him, and he studied law in Paris and then worked as a civil servant until the age of thirty-nine while immersing himself in the modernist artistic life of the French capital and composing in his spare time. From 1880 until his final illness he was a full-time composer.
Although known primarily for two of his orchestral works, España and Joyeuse marche, Chabrier left a corpus of operas (including L'étoile), songs, and piano music, but no symphonies, concertos, quartets, sonatas, or religious or liturgical music. His lack of academic training left him free to create his own musical language, unaffected by established rules, and he was regarded by many later composers as an important innovator and a catalyst who paved the way for French modernism. He was admired by, and influenced, composers as diverse as Debussy, Ravel, Richard Strauss, Satie, Stravinsky, and the group of composers known as Les six. Writing at a time when French musicians were generally proponents or opponents of the music of Wagner, Chabrier steered a middle course, sometimes incorporating Wagnerian traits into his music and at other times avoiding them.
Chabrier was associated with some of the leading writers and painters of his time. Among his closest friends was the painter Édouard Manet, and Chabrier collected Impressionist paintings long before they became fashionable. A number of such paintings from his personal collection by artists known to him are now housed in some of the world's leading art museums. He penned a large number of letters to friends and colleagues which offer an insight into his musical opinions and character.
Chabrier died in Paris at the age of fifty-three from a neurological disease, probably caused by syphilis.
Birth and Death Data: Born January 18th, 1841 (Ambert), Died September 13th, 1894 (Paris)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1907 - 1950
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 26 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||C-17817||12-in.||6/8/1916||Espana rhapsody||Victor Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-22510||12-in.||1/9/1919||Scherzo valse||Alfred Cortot||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||C-22809||12-in.||5/5/1919||España rapsodie||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-26081||10-in.||2/9/1922||España rapsodie||Guy Maier ; Lee Pattison||Piano duet||composer|
|Victor||BVE-41974||10-in.||4/17/1928||España rapsodie||Detroit Symphony Orchestra ; Ossip Gabrilowitsch||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-41975||10-in.||4/17/1928||España rapsodie||Detroit Symphony Orchestra ; Ossip Gabrilowitsch||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-53486||12-in.||7/3/1929||Marche joyeuse||Rosario Bourdon ; Victor Symphony Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-53487||12-in.||7/3/1929||Danse slave||Rosario Bourdon ; Victor Symphony Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BS-010966||10-in.||6/29/1937||España rapsodie||Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||VS-010967||10-in.||6/29/1937||España rapsodie||Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BS-018076||10-in.||1/19/1938||Idylle||Emma Boynet||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||BS-018439||10-in.||1/31/1938||Bouree fantasque||Emma Boynet||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||BS-018440||10-in.||1/31/1938||Bouree fantasque||Emma Boynet||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||CS-046148||12-in.||12/29/1939||Espana rhapsody, part 1||Isabel Scionti ; Silvio Scionti||Piano duet||composer|
|Victor||CS-046149||12-in.||12/29/1939||Espana rhapsody, part 2||Isabel Scionti ; Silvio Scionti||Piano duet||composer|
|Victor||E0RB-4857||10-in.||6/20/1950||España rapsodie||Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||E0RB-4858||10-in.||6/20/1950||España rapsodie||Boston Pops Orchestra ; Arthur Fiedler||Orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||36514||12-in.||12/24/1912||Scherzo valse||Eugène Ysaÿe||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Columbia||37253||12-in.||4/14/1915||Espana rhapsody||Prince's Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||49574||12-in.||1/13/1919||España rhapsody||Columbia Orchestra ; Charles Adams Prince||Orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||49715||12-in.||11/30/1919||Marche joyeuse||Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra ; Eugène Ysaÿe||Orchestra||composer|
|Columbia||6676||12-in.||approximately 1915||Rhapsody España||New Queens Hall Symphony Orchestra ; Henry J. Wood||Orchestra||composer|
|OKeh||W400423||10-in.||3/8/1928||Feuillet d'album||Eulalio Sánchez||Flute solo, with piano||composer|
|Edison||1506||Not documented||Nov. 1920||Habanera||E. Robert Schmitz||Piano solo||composer|
|Edison||5753||10-in.||8/30/1917||Scherzo||André Benoist ; Albert Spalding||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Chabrier, Emmanuel," accessed August 2, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102522.
Chabrier, Emmanuel. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved August 2, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102522.
"Chabrier, Emmanuel." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 2 August 2021.
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