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Emmanuel Chabrier

Alexis-Emmanuel Chabrier (French: [ɛmanɥɛl ʃabʁie]; 18 January 1841 – 13 September 1894) was a Romantic composer and pianist, born in Ambert, central France. His bourgeois family did not approve of a musical career for him, and he studied law in Paris and then worked as a civil servant until the age of thirty-nine while immersing himself in the modernist artistic life of the French capital and composing in his spare time. From 1880 until his final illness he was a full-time composer.

Although known primarily for two of his orchestral works, España and Joyeuse marche, Chabrier left a corpus of operas (including L'étoile), songs, and piano music, but no symphonies, concertos, quartets, sonatas, or religious or liturgical music. His lack of academic training left him free to create his own musical language, unaffected by established rules, and he was regarded by many later composers as an important innovator and a catalyst who paved the way for French modernism. He was admired by, and influenced, composers as diverse as Debussy, Ravel, Richard Strauss, Satie, Stravinsky, and the group of composers known as Les six. Writing at a time when French musicians were generally proponents or opponents of the music of Wagner, Chabrier steered a middle course, sometimes incorporating Wagnerian traits into his music and at other times avoiding them.

Chabrier was associated with some of the leading writers and painters of his time. Among his closest friends was the painter Édouard Manet, and Chabrier collected Impressionist paintings long before they became fashionable. A number of such paintings from his personal collection by artists known to him are now housed in some of the world's leading art museums. He penned a large number of letters to friends and colleagues which offer an insight into his musical opinions and character.

Chabrier died in Paris at the age of fifty-three from a neurological disease, probably caused by syphilis.

Birth and Death Data: Born January 18, 1841 (Ambert), Died September 13, 1894 (Paris)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1907 - 1950

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 26-39 of 39 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Brunswick 1680bm 12-in. 1930 Marche joyeuse Orchestre des concerts Lamoureux ; Albert Wolff Orchestra composer  
Edison 1506 Not documented Nov. 1920 Habanera E. Robert Schmitz Piano solo composer  
Edison 5753 10-in. 8/30/1917 Scherzo André Benoist ; Albert Spalding Violin solo, with piano composer  
Gramophone 10278b 10-in. Mar. 1907 España Alexander Prince Concertina solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WLX130 12-in. 10/27/1927 Légende Élie Cohen ; Marthe Nespoulous Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WLX284 10-in. 3/9/1928 España rhapsody Pierre Dupont ; Garde Républicaine Band Band composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WLX285 10-in. 3/9/1928 España rhapsody Pierre Dupont ; Garde Républicaine Band Band composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL564 10-in. 9/12/1927 L'île heureuse Reynaldo Hahn ; Reynaldo Hahn Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL724 10-in. approximately October 27, 1927 Fileuse de Gwendoline : Blonde aux yeux de pervenche Eugène Bigot ; Marthe Nespoulous Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1556 10-in. 4/1/1929 Lied Jane Bathori ; Jane Bathori Mezzo-soprano vocal solo, with piano composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1846 10-in. 10/12/1929 Bourée fantasque, 1re partie Marcelle Meyer Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL1847 10-in. 10/12/1929 Bourée fantasque, 2e partie Marcelle Meyer Piano solo composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL2091 10-in. 3/5/1930 Couplets du Polonais Élie Cohen ; Lucien Fugère Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Columbia (U.K.) WL2092 10-in. 3/5/1930 Couplets du Gondeles Élie Cohen ; Lucien Fugère Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
(Results 26-39 of 39 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Chabrier, Emmanuel," accessed January 31, 2023, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102522.

Chabrier, Emmanuel. (2023). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved January 31, 2023, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102522.

"Chabrier, Emmanuel." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2023. Web. 31 January 2023.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102522

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