Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (Russian: Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков, IPA: [nʲɪkəˈlaj ɐnˈdrʲejɪvʲɪtɕ ˈrʲimskʲɪj ˈkorsəkəf] (listen); 18 March [O.S. 6 March] 1844 – 21 June [O.S. 8 June] 1908) was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five. He was a master of orchestration. His best-known orchestral compositions—Capriccio Espagnol, the Russian Easter Festival Overture, and the symphonic suite Scheherazade—are staples of the classical music repertoire, along with suites and excerpts from some of his 15 operas. Scheherazade is an example of his frequent use of fairy-tale and folk subjects.
Rimsky-Korsakov believed in developing a nationalistic style of classical music, as did his fellow-composer Mily Balakirev and the critic Vladimir Stasov. This style employed Russian folk song and lore along with exotic harmonic, melodic and rhythmic elements in a practice known as musical orientalism, and eschewed traditional Western compositional methods. Rimsky-Korsakov appreciated Western musical techniques after he became a professor of musical composition, harmony, and orchestration at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory in 1871. He undertook a rigorous three-year program of self-education and became a master of Western methods, incorporating them alongside the influences of Mikhail Glinka and fellow members of The Five. Rimsky-Korsakov's techniques of composition and orchestration were further enriched by his exposure to the works of Richard Wagner.
For much of his life, Rimsky-Korsakov combined his composition and teaching with a career in the Russian military—at first as an officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, then as the civilian Inspector of Naval Bands. He wrote that he developed a passion for the ocean in childhood from reading books and hearing of his older brother's exploits in the navy. This love of the sea may have influenced him to write two of his best-known orchestral works, the musical tableau Sadko (not to be confused with his later opera of the same name) and Scheherazade. As Inspector of Naval Bands, Rimsky-Korsakov expanded his knowledge of woodwind and brass playing, which enhanced his abilities in orchestration. He passed this knowledge to his students, and also posthumously through a textbook on orchestration that was completed by his son-in-law, Maximilian Steinberg.
Rimsky-Korsakov left a considerable body of original Russian nationalist compositions. He prepared works by The Five for performance, which brought them into the active classical repertoire (although there is controversy over his editing of the works of Modest Mussorgsky), and shaped a generation of younger composers and musicians during his decades as an educator. Rimsky-Korsakov is therefore considered "the main architect" of what the classical-music public considers the "Russian style" of composition. His influence on younger composers was especially important, as he served as a transitional figure between the autodidactism exemplified by Glinka and The Five, and professionally trained composers which would become the norm in Russia by the closing years of the 19th century. While Rimsky-Korsakov's style was based on those of Glinka, Balakirev, Hector Berlioz, Franz Liszt and, for a brief period, Wagner, he "transmitted this style directly to two generations of Russian composers" and influenced non-Russian composers including Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy, Paul Dukas, and Ottorino Respighi.
Birth and Death Data: Born March 18th, 1844 (Tikhvin), Died June 21st, 1908 (Lyubensk)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1902 - 1950
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, orchestrator, lyricist
Recordings (Results 26-50 of 208 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-25549||10-in.||9/7/1921||Hymne au soleil||Amelita Galli-Curci||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-25967||10-in.||1/18/1922||Play that 'Song of India' again||Charles Harrison||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-26425||10-in.||4/24/1922||Chanson Arabe||Fritz Kreisler||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-26426||10-in.||4/24/1922||Dance orientale||Fritz Kreisler||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-26473||10-in.||5/16/1922||Ah, que j'ai mal!||Lucrezia Bori||Soprano vocal solo, with flute and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-26596||10-in.||7/11/1922||Chanson indoue||Amelita Galli-Curci||Soprano vocal solo, with celeste and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-26596||10-in.||12/20/1929||Chanson indoue||Amelita Galli-Curci||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-26618||10-in.||6/12/1922||Oprichnik's piesn||Russian Grand Opera Choir||Male vocal chorus, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-26899||10-in.||10/2/1922||I know the song of the lark||Lucrezia Bori||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-27938||12-in.||3/19/1923||Dance of the tumblers||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-28428||10-in.||8/14/1923||Cavatine du tzar Berendev||Orville Harrold||Tenor vocal solo, with cello and orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-32748||10-in.||7/1/1925||Hymn to the sun||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||Jazz/dance band||composer|
|Victor||BVE-34023||10-in.||12/7/1925||Song of India||Rudolph Ganz ; St. Louis Symphony Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-34068||12-in.||12/22/1925||Serenade, op. 63||Chicago Symphony Orchestra ; Frederick Stock||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-35128||10-in.||4/8/1926||Oriental romance||Fritz Kreisler||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||BVE-36739||10-in.||10/26/1926||Church scene from Christmas Eve||Russian Symphonic Choir||Male vocal chorus, unaccompanied||composer|
|Victor||CVE-38254||12-in.||5/3/1927||Scheherazade : Symphonic suite||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-38255||12-in.||5/3/1927||Scheherazade : Symphonic suite||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-38256||12-in.||5/3/1927||Festival at Baghdad, part 3||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||BVE-38614||10-in.||5/17/1927||A song of India||Wendell Clark Glover||Organ solo||composer|
|Victor||BVE-38857||10-in.||6/2/1927||The nightingale and the rose||Clement Barone ; Rosa Ponselle||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-39346||12-in.||10/8/1927||Scheherazade : Symphonic suite||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-39347||12-in.||10/8/1927||Scheherazade : Symphonic suite||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-39348||12-in.||10/8/1927||Scheherazade : Symphonic suite||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||CVE-39349||12-in.||10/10/1927||Scheherazade : Symphonic suite||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay," accessed October 24, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102531.
Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 24, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102531.
"Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 24 October 2021.
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