John Philip Sousa
John Philip Sousa (; November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era known primarily for American military marches. He is known as "The March King" or the "American March King", to distinguish him from his British counterpart Kenneth J. Alford who is also known as "The March King". Among his best-known marches are "The Stars and Stripes Forever" (National March of the United States of America), "Semper Fidelis" (official march of the United States Marine Corps), "The Liberty Bell", "The Thunderer", and "The Washington Post".
Sousa began his career playing violin and studying music theory and composition under John Esputa and George Felix Benkert. His father enlisted him in the United States Marine Band as an apprentice in 1868. He left the band in 1875 and learned to conduct. From 1880 until his death, he focused exclusively on conducting and writing music. He eventually rejoined the Marine Band and served there for 12 years as director, after which he organized his own band. Sousa aided in the development of the sousaphone, a large brass instrument similar to the helicon and tuba.
Upon the outbreak of World War I, Sousa was awarded a wartime commission of lieutenant commander to lead the Naval Reserve Band in Illinois. He then returned to conduct the Sousa Band until his death in 1932. (In the 1920s, he was promoted to the permanent rank of lieutenant commander in the naval reserve, but he never saw active service again.)
Birth and Death Data: Born November 6th, 1854 (Washington, D.C.), Died March 6th, 1932 (Reading)
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1894 - 1938
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger, conductor, director
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 676 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Berliner||1||7-in.||1/3/1896||High school cadets||Band (unidentified; Berliner Gramophone Co.)||Band||composer|
|Berliner||9||7-in.||Before 1895||Semper fidelis||Artists vary||Band||composer|
|Berliner||13||7-in.||Before 1895||The gladiator march||Artists vary||Band||composer|
|Berliner||23||7-in.||6/28/1895||Directorate march||Artists vary||Band||composer|
|Berliner||30||7-in.||8/10/1897||The thunderer march||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Berliner||36||7-in.||Sept. 1898||The charlatan march||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Berliner||42||7-in.||10/29/1896||El capitan march||Artists vary||Band||composer|
|Berliner||61||7-in.||5/27/1897||The stars and stripes forever||Artists vary||Band||composer|
|Berliner||70||7-in.||9/1/1897||The lily bell's||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Berliner||92||7-in.||2/3/1898||The bride elect march||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Berliner||103||7-in.||4/7/1898||Star spangled banner||Sousa's Band||Band||arranger|
|Berliner||105||7-in.||Before 1895||The National Fencibles||Band (unidentified; Berliner Gramophone Co.)||Band||composer|
|Berliner||107||7-in.||4/9/1898||Mother Hubbard||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Berliner||112||7-in.||4/8/1898||The colonial dames waltzes||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Berliner||136||7-in.||Before Aug. 1895||High school cadets||Band (unidentified; Berliner Gramophone Co.)||Band||composer|
|Berliner||140||7-in.||Before 1895||Washington Post march||Artists vary||Band||composer|
|Berliner||143||7-in.||11/21/1895||King Cotton march||Artists vary||Band||composer|
|Berliner||144||7-in.||Before 1895||The Liberty Bell||Band (unidentified; Berliner Gramophone Co.)||Band||composer|
|Berliner||149||7-in.||Before Aug. 1895||Manhattan Beach march||Artists vary||Band||composer|
|Berliner||250||7-in.||3/30/1896||King Cotton||Artists vary||Piano solo||composer|
|Berliner||434||7-in.||10/6/1898||El capitan||Harry Taft||Whistling solo||composer|
|Berliner||466||7-in.||8/19/1897||Directorate march||Vess L. Ossman||Banjo solo||composer|
|Berliner||470||7-in.||Before Apr. 1899||The stars and stripes forever||Artists vary||Banjo solo||composer|
|Berliner||479||7-in.||Before June 1898||El capitan||Unidentified banjoist (Berliner Records)||Banjo solo||composer|
|Berliner||480||7-in.||Before Oct. 1898||The Washington Post||Cullen and Collins||Banjo duet||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Sousa, John Philip," accessed December 5, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.
Sousa, John Philip. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 5, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.
"Sousa, John Philip." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 5 December 2020.
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