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John Philip Sousa

John Philip Sousa (; November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era known primarily for American military marches. He is known as "The March King" or the "American March King", to distinguish him from his British counterpart Kenneth J. Alford who is also known as "The March King". Among his best-known marches are "The Stars and Stripes Forever" (National March of the United States of America), "Semper Fidelis" (official march of the United States Marine Corps), "The Liberty Bell", "The Thunderer", and "The Washington Post".

Sousa began his career playing violin and studying music theory and composition under John Esputa and George Felix Benkert. His father enlisted him in the United States Marine Band as an apprentice in 1868. He left the band in 1875 and learned to conduct. From 1880 until his death, he focused exclusively on conducting and writing music. He eventually rejoined the Marine Band and served there for 12 years as director, after which he organized his own band. Sousa aided in the development of the sousaphone, a large brass instrument similar to the helicon and tuba.

Upon the outbreak of World War I, Sousa was awarded a wartime commission of lieutenant commander to lead the Naval Reserve Band in Illinois. He then returned to conduct the Sousa Band until his death in 1932. (In the 1920s, he was promoted to the permanent rank of lieutenant commander in the naval reserve, but he never saw active service again.)

Birth and Death Data: Born November 6th, 1854 (Washington, D.C.), Died March 6th, 1932 (Reading)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1894 - 1942

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger, conductor, director, speaker

Recordings (Results 326-350 of 685 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor C-10961 12-in. 9/15/1911 The high school cadets Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor C-10962 12-in. 9/15/1911 Manhattan Beach Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-11019 12-in. 8/12/1927 The high school cadets Victor Band Band composer  
Victor C-11019 12-in. 9/27/1911 High school cadets march Victor Military Band Band composer  
Victor CVE-11025 12-in. 8/12/1927 Semper fidelis Victor Band Band composer  
Victor C-11025 12-in. 9/27/1911 Semper fidelis march Victor Military Band Band composer  
Victor C-11371 12-in. 12/14/1911 Sacred in pulpit and pew Sousa's Band Band arranger  
Victor B-11376 10-in. 12/14/1911 The directorate march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-11383 10-in. 12/14/1911 Beau ideal march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-11384 10-in. 12/14/1911 The rifle regiment march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor C-12359 12-in. 9/11/1912 Washington Post march Victor Military Band [i.e., Pryor's Band] Band composer  
Victor C-12713 12-in. 12/13/1912 Stars and stripes forever Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor C-12714 12-in. 12/13/1912 El capitan march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor C-12721 12-in. 12/13/1912 Washington Post march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor C-12817 12-in. 1/20/1913 King Cotton march Victor Military Band Band composer  
Victor C-12887 12-in. 2/4/1913 Washington Post march Victor Military Band Band composer  
Victor B-14350 10-in. 1/19/1914 Yankee Doodle Victor Military Band Band arranger  
Victor C-14530 12-in. 3/3/1914 The gliding girl Victor Band Band composer  
Victor C-14955 12-in. 6/12/1914 The stars and stripes forever Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor CVE-14956 12-in. 10/7/1926 El capitan march Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor C-14956 12-in. 6/12/1914 El capitan march Arthur Pryor's Band Band composer  
Victor C-15127 12-in. 8/6/1914 The thunderer Conway's Band Band, with drums composer  
Victor B-16596 10-in. 10/5/1915 Sousa medley march Pietro Accordion solo composer  
Victor B-16757 10-in. 11/9/1915 New York Hippodrome march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor B-16758 10-in. 11/9/1915 The pathfinder of Panama march Sousa's Band Band composer  
(Results 326-350 of 685 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Sousa, John Philip," accessed February 25, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

Sousa, John Philip. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 25, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

"Sousa, John Philip." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 25 February 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569

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