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John Philip Sousa

John Philip Sousa (; November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era known primarily for American military marches. He is known as "The March King" or the "American March King", to distinguish him from his British counterpart Kenneth J. Alford who is also known as "The March King". Among his best-known marches are "The Stars and Stripes Forever" (National March of the United States of America), "Semper Fidelis" (official march of the United States Marine Corps), "The Liberty Bell", "The Thunderer", and "The Washington Post".

Sousa began his career playing violin and studying music theory and composition under John Esputa and George Felix Benkert. His father enlisted him in the United States Marine Band as an apprentice in 1868. He left the band in 1875 and learned to conduct. From 1880 until his death, he focused exclusively on conducting and writing music. He eventually rejoined the Marine Band and served there for 12 years as director, after which he organized his own band. Sousa aided in the development of the sousaphone, a large brass instrument similar to the helicon and tuba.

Upon the outbreak of World War I, Sousa was awarded a wartime commission of lieutenant commander to lead the Naval Reserve Band in Illinois. He then returned to conduct the Sousa Band until his death in 1932. (In the 1920s, he was promoted to the permanent rank of lieutenant commander in the naval reserve, but he never saw active service again.)

Birth and Death Data: Born November 6th, 1854 (Washington, D.C.), Died March 6th, 1932 (Reading)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1894 - 1938

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger, conductor, director

Recordings (Results 26-50 of 676 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Berliner 483 7-in. 3/6/1899 The bride elect Cullen and Collins Banjo duet composer  
Berliner 499 7-in. 5/7/1897 King Cotton Cullen and Collins Banjo duet composer  
Berliner 1454 7-in. 7/1/1897 El capitan march Artists vary Orchestra composer  
Berliner 1455 7-in. Dec. 1898 King Cotton Artists vary Orchestra composer  
Berliner 1481 7-in. Mar. 1898-Oct. 1898 The bride elect Artists vary Orchestra composer  
Berliner 1490 7-in. July 1897-Mar. 1899 The charlatan : March Artists vary Orchestra composer  
Berliner 1491 7-in. Oct. 1898 Stars and stripes Artists vary Orchestra composer  
Berliner 5902 7-in. Oct. 1898-Mar. 1899 The charlatan : March Joseph P. Cullen Banjo solo composer  
Berliner 8012 7-in. 4/22/1899 The picador march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 075 7-in. 4/22/1899 Hands across the sea march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 076 7-in. 4/22/1899 The chalatan march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 077 7-in. 4/22/1899 The bride elect Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 078 7-in. 4/22/1899 The charlatan : Mazurka Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 0198 7-in. 6/5/1899 Mother Hubbard (March) Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 0206 7-in. 6/10/1899 The Mikado march Sousa's Band Band arranger  
Berliner 0211 7-in. June 1899 God save the Queen Sousa's Band Band arranger  
Berliner 0216 7-in. June 1899 The directorate Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 0227 7-in. 6/9/1899 Star spangled banner Sousa's Band Band arranger  
Berliner 0228 7-in. 6/9/1899 The stars and stripes forever Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 0229 7-in. 6/6/1899 Bride elect march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 0230 7-in. 6/8/1899 El capitan Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 0231 7-in. June 1899 King Cotton Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 0236 7-in. 6/8/1899 Gladiator march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 0380 7-in. July 1899- Nov. 1899 The stars and stripes forever Vess L. Ossman Banjo solo composer  
Berliner 0581 7-in. 10/11/1899 Semper fidelis United States Marine Band Band composer  
(Results 26-50 of 676 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Sousa, John Philip," accessed December 1, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

Sousa, John Philip. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 1, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

"Sousa, John Philip." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 1 December 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569

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