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John Philip Sousa

John Philip Sousa (; November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era known primarily for American military marches. He is known as "The March King" or the "American March King", to distinguish him from his British counterpart Kenneth J. Alford who is also known as "The March King". Among his best-known marches are "The Stars and Stripes Forever" (National March of the United States of America), "Semper Fidelis" (official march of the United States Marine Corps), "The Liberty Bell", "The Thunderer", and "The Washington Post".

Sousa began his career playing violin and studying music theory and composition under John Esputa and George Felix Benkert. His father enlisted him in the United States Marine Band as an apprentice in 1868. He left the band in 1875 and learned to conduct. From 1880 until his death, he focused exclusively on conducting and writing music. He eventually rejoined the Marine Band and served there for 12 years as director, after which he organized his own band. Sousa aided in the development of the sousaphone, a large brass instrument similar to the helicon and tuba.

Upon the outbreak of World War I, Sousa was awarded a wartime commission of lieutenant commander to lead the Naval Reserve Band in Illinois. He then returned to conduct the Sousa Band until his death in 1932. (In the 1920s, he was promoted to the permanent rank of lieutenant commander in the naval reserve, but he never saw active service again.)

Birth and Death Data: Born November 6th, 1854 (Washington, D.C.), Died March 6th, 1932 (Reading)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1894 - 1938

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger, conductor, director

Recordings (Results 51-75 of 676 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Berliner 0591 7-in. 10/11/1899 The picador United States Marine Band Band composer  
Berliner 0610 7-in. 10/18/1899 Hands across the sea Vess L. Ossman Banjo solo composer  
Berliner 0614 7-in. Before Dec. 1899 The stars and stripes forever Cullen and Collins Banjo duet composer  
Berliner 0909 7-in. 1/26/1900 The man behind the gun Metropolitan Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Berliner 01101 7-in. 3/15/1900 The man behind the gun Vess L. Ossman Banjo solo composer  
Berliner 01169 7-in. 4/19/1900 The man behind the gun Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 01182 7-in. Apr. 1900 Fanny Arthur Pryor ; Sousa's Band Trombone solo, with band composer  
Berliner 01198 7-in. Apr. 1900 Lily bells Sousa's Band Band composer  
Berliner 01265 7-in. 4/27/1900 Unchain the dogs of war Original Lyric Trio Mixed vocal trio composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]86 7-in. 6/7/1900 The man behind the gun Metropolitan Orchestra Orchestra, with piano composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]102 7-in. 6/15/1900 Unchain the dogs of war Lyric Trio Mixed vocal trio composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]102 10-in. 11/7/1901 Unchain the dogs of war Lyric Trio Mixed vocal trio composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]133 7-in. 7/14/1900 King Cotton march Voss First Regiment Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]145 7-in. 7/19/1900 Hands across the sea Vess L. Ossman Banjo solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]145 10-in. 1/21/1901 Hands across the sea Vess L. Ossman Banjo solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]151 7-in. 7/19/1900 Stars and stripes Vess L. Ossman Banjo solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]151 10-in. 1/21/1901 Stars and stripes Vess L. Ossman Banjo solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]152 7-in. 7/19/1900 The man behind the gun Vess L. Ossman Banjo solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]152 10-in. 4/11/1902 The man behind the gun Vess L. Ossman Banjo solo composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]300 7-in. 10/1/1900 Hands across the sea Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]300 10-in. 1/3/1902 Hands across the sea Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]301 7-in. 10/4/1900 King Cotton march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]301 10-in. 1/3/1902 King Cotton march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]302 7-in. 10/4/1900 The charlatan : March Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]303 7-in. 10/2/1900 The bride elect Sousa's Band Band composer  
(Results 51-75 of 676 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Sousa, John Philip," accessed December 1, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

Sousa, John Philip. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 1, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

"Sousa, John Philip." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 1 December 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569

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