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John Philip Sousa

John Philip Sousa (; November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era known primarily for American military marches. He is known as "The March King" or the "American March King", to distinguish him from his British counterpart Kenneth J. Alford who is also known as "The March King". Among his best-known marches are "The Stars and Stripes Forever" (National March of the United States of America), "Semper Fidelis" (official march of the United States Marine Corps), "The Liberty Bell", "The Thunderer", and "The Washington Post".

Sousa began his career playing violin and studying music theory and composition under John Esputa and George Felix Benkert. His father enlisted him in the United States Marine Band as an apprentice in 1868. He left the band in 1875 and learned to conduct. From 1880 until his death, he focused exclusively on conducting and writing music. He eventually rejoined the Marine Band and served there for 12 years as director, after which he organized his own band. Sousa aided in the development of the sousaphone, a large brass instrument similar to the helicon and tuba.

Upon the outbreak of World War I, Sousa was awarded a wartime commission of lieutenant commander to lead the Naval Reserve Band in Illinois. He then returned to conduct the Sousa Band until his death in 1932. (In the 1920s, he was promoted to the permanent rank of lieutenant commander in the naval reserve, but he never saw active service again.)

Birth and Death Data: Born November 6th, 1854 (Washington, D.C.), Died March 6th, 1932 (Reading)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1894 - 1938

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger, conductor, director

Recordings (Results 126-150 of 676 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1180-B 10-in. 1/2/1902 I too, was born in Arcadia Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1180-C 10-in. 1/2/1902 In darkest Africa Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1181 7-in. 1/2/1902 The picador march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1181 10-in. 1/2/1902 The picador march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1183 7-in. 1/2/1902 The Washington Post march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1183 10-in. 1/2/1902 The Washington Post march Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1193 7-in. 1/6/1902 The Liberty Bell Sousa's Band Band, with chimes composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1193 10-in. 1/6/1902 The Liberty Bell Sousa's Band Band, with chimes composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1194 7-in. 1/7/1902 Patrol, rose, thistle and shamrock Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1194 10-in. 1/7/1902 Patrol, rose, thistle and shamrock Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix C-]1194 12-in. 6/17/1902 Patrol, Rose, thistle and shamrock Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1195 7-in. 1/7/1902 Presidential polonaise Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1195 10-in. 1/7/1902 Presidential polonaise Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1196 7-in. 1/7/1902 Ben Hur chariot race Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1196 10-in. 1/7/1902 Ben Hur chariot race Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1198 7-in. 1/7/1902 Favorite hymns from Sousa's songs of grace and glory Sousa's Band Band, with chimes composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1198 10-in. 1/7/1902 Favorite hymns Sousa's Band Band, with chimes composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1201 7-in. 1/7/1902 Nymphalin reverie Dorothy Hoyle ; Sousa's Band Violin solo, with band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1201 10-in. 1/7/1902 Nymphalin reverie Dorothy Hoyle ; Sousa's Band Violin solo, with band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1203 7-in. 1/8/1902 Sheridan's ride Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1203 10-in. 1/8/1902 Sheridan's ride Sousa's Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1219 7-in. 1/29/1902 The man behind the gun Kendle's First Regiment Band Band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1224 7-in. 1/30/1902 Will you love me when the lilies are dead? Maud Davies ; Sousa's Band Female vocal solo, with band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix B-]1224 10-in. 1/30/1902 Will you love me when the lilies are dead? Maud Davies ; Sousa's Band Female vocal solo, with band composer  
Victor [Pre-matrix A-]1418 7-in. 6/3/1902 Imperial Edward Sousa's Band Band composer  
(Results 126-150 of 676 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Sousa, John Philip," accessed December 3, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

Sousa, John Philip. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved December 3, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569.

"Sousa, John Philip." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 3 December 2020.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102569

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