Resource id #75
Image Source: Wikipedia

Gaetano Donizetti

Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer, best known for his almost 70 operas. Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini, he was a leading composer of the bel canto opera style during the first half of the nineteenth century and a probable influence on other composers such as Giuseppe Verdi. Donizetti was born in Bergamo in Lombardy. At an early age he was taken up by Simon Mayr who enrolled him with a full scholarship in a school which he had set up. There he received detailed musical training. Mayr was instrumental in obtaining a place for Donizetti at the Bologna Academy, where, at the age of 19, he wrote his first one-act opera, the comedy Il Pigmalione, which may never have been performed during his lifetime.

An offer in 1822 from Domenico Barbaja, the impresario of the Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, which followed the composer's ninth opera, led to his move to Naples and his residency there until production of Caterina Cornaro in January 1844. In all, 51 of Donizetti's operas were presented in Naples. Before 1830, success came primarily with his comic operas, the serious ones failing to attract significant audiences. His first notable success came with an opera seria, Zoraida di Granata, which was presented in 1822 in Rome. In 1830, when Anna Bolena was first performed, Donizetti made a major impact on the Italian and international opera scene shifting the balance of success away from primarily comedic operas, although even after that date, his best-known works included comedies such as L'elisir d'amore (1832) and Don Pasquale (1843). Significant historical dramas did succeed; they included Lucia di Lammermoor (the first to have a libretto written by Salvadore Cammarano) given in Naples in 1835, and one of the most successful Neapolitan operas, Roberto Devereux in 1837. Up to that point, all of his operas had been set to Italian libretti.

Donizetti found himself increasingly chafing against the censorship limitations in Italy (and especially in Naples). From about 1836, he became interested in working in Paris, where he saw greater freedom to choose subject matter, in addition to receiving larger fees and greater prestige. From 1838, beginning with an offer from the Paris Opéra for two new works, he spent much of the following 10 years in that city, and set several operas to French texts as well as overseeing staging of his Italian works. The first opera was a French version of the then-unperformed Poliuto which, in April 1840, was revised to become Les martyrs. Two new operas were also given in Paris at that time. Throughout the 1840s Donizetti moved between Naples, Rome, Paris, and Vienna, continuing to compose and stage his own operas as well as those of other composers. From around 1843, severe illness began to limit his activities. By early 1846 he was obliged to be confined to an institution for the mentally ill and, by late 1847, friends had him moved back to Bergamo, where he died in April 1848 in a state of mental derangement due to neurosyphilis.

Birth and Death Data: Born November 29, 1797 (Bergamo), Died April 8, 1848 (Bergamo)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1898 - 1941

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger

= Recordings are available for online listening.
= Recordings were issued from this master. No recordings issued from other masters.

Recordings (Results 126-150 of 581 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor CVE-33940 12-in. 11/24/1925 Una furtiva lagrima Tito Schipa Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-35180 10-in. 6/4/1926 Invocazione A. Mariotti Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor CVE-35822 12-in. 7/23/1926 Lucia : Sextette Creatore's Band Band composer  
Victor BVE-35862 10-in. 9/9/1926 Sogno soave e casto Tito Schipa Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-36742 12-in. 10/28/1926 Mad scene Toti Dal Monte Soprano vocal solo, with flute and orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-36743 12-in. 10/28/1926 Mad scene Toti Dal Monte Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-36744 12-in. 10/28/1926 Regnava nel silenzio Toti Dal Monte Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-36745 12-in. 10/29/1926 Convien partir Toti Dal Monte Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-37801 10-in. 2/7/1927 Brindisi Jeanne Gordon Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-38382 10-in. 5/3/1927 Una vergine un angiol di Dio Tito Schipa Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-40769 12-in. 12/9/1927 Lucia di Lammermoor : Sextet Maria Bakoska Female vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble composer  
Victor CVE-41225 12-in. 12/12/1927 Giusto cielo! Rispondete Beniamino Gigli ; Ezio Pinza Vocal duet (tenor and bass), with vocal chorus and orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-41226 12-in. 12/12/1927 Tu che a Dio spiegasti Beniamino Gigli ; Ezio Pinza Vocal duet (tenor and bass), with male vocal chorus and orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-41227 12-in. 12/12/1927 Tombe degl' avi miei Beniamino Gigli Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-41232 12-in. 12/16/1927 Lucia : Sextette Angelo Bada ; Giuseppe De Luca ; Amelita Galli-Curci ; Beniamino Gigli ; Louise Homer ; Ezio Pinza Vocal chorus (soprano, contralto, 2 tenors, baritone, and bass), with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-41499 10-in. 2/7/1928 Brindisi Sigrid Onégin Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-43601 10-in. 4/3/1928 Lucia sestetto Giovanni Gioviale Mandolin solo composer  
Victor BVE-47430 10-in. 9/6/1928 Adina credimi Tito Schipa Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-49898 12-in. 3/6/1929 Spirto gentil Enrique C. Canada Male vocal solo, with piano composer  
Victor CVE-50907 12-in. 3/4/1929 O mio Fernando Sigrid Onégin Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor BVE-55354 10-in. 8/22/1929 Rataplan Bruno Reibold ; Victor Orchestra Orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-58045 12-in. 11/19/1929 La favorita : Selection Creatore's Band ; Antonio de Santis Band, with cornet solo composer  
Victor CVE-58048 12-in. 11/19/1929 La favorita : Selection Creatore's Band Band composer  
Victor CVE-58123 12-in. 12/19/1929 Una furtiva lagrima Beniamino Gigli Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra composer  
Victor CVE-59745 12-in. 4/9/1930 Splendon piu belle Metropolitan Opera Chorus ; Metropolitan Opera Orchestra ; Ezio Pinza ; Giulio Setti Bass vocal solo, with mixed vocal chorus and orchestra composer  
(Results 126-150 of 581 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Donizetti, Gaetano," accessed April 12, 2024, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102598.

Donizetti, Gaetano. (2024). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved April 12, 2024, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102598.

"Donizetti, Gaetano." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2024. Web. 12 April 2024.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102598

Wikipedia content provided under the terms of the Creative Commons BY-SA license

Feedback

Send the Editors a message about this record.