Christoph Willibald Gluck
Christoph Willibald (Ritter von) Gluck (German: [ˈkʁɪstɔf ˈvɪlɪbalt ˈɡlʊk]; born 2 July, baptized 4 July 1714 – 15 November 1787) was a composer of Italian and French opera in the early classical period. Born in the Upper Palatinate and raised in Bohemia, both part of the Holy Roman Empire, he gained prominence at the Habsburg court at Vienna. There he brought about the practical reform of opera's dramaturgical practices for which many intellectuals had been campaigning. With a series of radical new works in the 1760s, among them Orfeo ed Euridice and Alceste, he broke the stranglehold that Metastasian opera seria had enjoyed for much of the century. Gluck introduced more drama by using simpler recitative and cutting the usually long da capo aria. His later operas have half the length of a typical baroque opera.
The strong influence of French opera encouraged Gluck to move to Paris in November 1773. Fusing the traditions of Italian opera and the French (with rich chorus) into a unique synthesis, Gluck wrote eight operas for the Parisian stage. Iphigénie en Tauride (1779) was a great success and is generally acknowledged to be his finest work. Though he was extremely popular and widely credited with bringing about a revolution in French opera, Gluck's mastery of the Parisian operatic scene was never absolute, and after the poor reception of his Echo et Narcisse (1779), he left Paris in disgust and returned to Vienna to live out the remainder of his life.
Birth and Death Data: Born July 2nd, 1714 (Erasbach), Died Vienna
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1903 - 1937
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 95 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||C-622||12-in.||11/2/1903||Away with mourning and crying||Louise Homer||Contralto vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-623||12-in.||11/2/1903||Che farò||Louise Homer||Contralto vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-4670||10-in.||7/11/1907||Mélodie||Maud Powell||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-4731||12-in.||7/30/1907||Ach! Ich habe sie verloren||Ernestine Schumann-Heink ; Victor Orchestra||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-7023||12-in.||4/29/1909||J'ai perdu mon Euridice||Jeanne Gerville||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-8105||10-in.||7/13/1909||Gavotte from Paris and Helena||Victor String Quartet||String quartet||composer|
|Victor||C-8609||12-in.||2/7/1910||Su e con me vieni cara||Johanna Gadski ; Louise Homer ; Victor Orchestra||Vocal duet (soprano and contralto), with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-8610||12-in.||2/7/1910||Che fiero momento||Johanna Gadski ; Louise Homer||Vocal duet (soprano and contralto), with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-8611||12-in.||2/7/1910||Che farò senza Euridice||Louise Homer||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-9872||10-in.||1/31/1911||Mélodie||Mischa Elman||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-9872||12-in.||10/6/1915||Mélodie||Mischa Elman||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-9873||12-in.||1/31/1911||Melodie||Mischa Elman||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-9911||12-in.||2/6/1911||Divinités du Styx||Louise Homer ; Victor Orchestra||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-10508||12-in.||6/5/1911||Ye awful Stygian powers||Myrna Sherlow||Vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-10561||10-in.||6/20/1911||Spiagge amate||Umberto Sorrentino||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-12318||10-in.||8/14/1912||Iphegenie in Aulis : Lento from ballet||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-12729||10-in.||12/18/1912||Mélodie||Fritz Kreisler||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-13731||12-in.||9/8/1913||Bourée||Maud Powell||Violin solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-16587||10-in.||10/4/1915||Menuett||William H. Reitz||Bells solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-19634||10-in.||4/27/1917||Musette : Ballet||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-19851||12-in.||5/14/1917||Reigen seliger Geister||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra, with flute solo||composer|
|Victor||C-21066||12-in.||11/8/1917||Dance of the spirits||Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-22935||10-in.||6/27/1919||Melodie||Guiomar Novaës||Piano solo||composer|
|Victor||C-22935||12-in.||6/23/1919||Melodie||Guiomar Novaës||Piano solo||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Gluck, Christoph Willibald," accessed October 21, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102604.
Gluck, Christoph Willibald. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 21, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102604.
"Gluck, Christoph Willibald." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 21 October 2020.
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