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Dmitrii Dmitrievich Shostakovich

Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Russian: Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович , tr. Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich, pronounced [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ˈdmʲitrʲɪjɪvʲɪtɕ ʂəstɐˈkovʲɪtɕ]; (25 September [O.S. 12 September] 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist. He is regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century, with a unique harmonic language and a historic importance due to his years of work under Stalin.

Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government. Nevertheless, he received accolades and state awards and served in the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (1947) and the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (from 1962 until his death).

A polystylist, Shostakovich developed a hybrid voice, combining a variety of different musical techniques into his works. His music is characterized by sharp contrasts, elements of the grotesque, and ambivalent tonality; he was also heavily influenced by the neoclassical style pioneered by Igor Stravinsky, and (especially in his symphonies) by the late Romanticism of Gustav Mahler.

Shostakovich's orchestral works include 15 symphonies and six concerti. His chamber output includes 15 string quartets, a piano quintet, two piano trios, and two pieces for string octet. His solo piano works include two sonatas, an early set of preludes, and a later set of 24 preludes and fugues. Other works include three operas, several song cycles, ballets, and a substantial quantity of film music; especially well known is The Second Waltz, Op. 99, music to the film The First Echelon (1955–1956), as well as the suites of music composed for The Gadfly.

Birth and Death Data: Born September 25th, 1906 (Saint Petersburg), Died August 9th, 1975 (Moscow)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1933 - 1935

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer

Notes: Listed on Victor disc labels as A. Szostakowicz.

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor CS-78443 12-in. 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-78444 12-in. 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor LCS-78445 12-in. (33-1/3 rpm) 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-78446 12-in. 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-78447 12-in. 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor LCS-78448 12-in. (33-1/3 rpm) 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-78449 12-in. 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-78450 12-in. 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor LCS-78451 12-in. (33-1/3 rpm) 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-78452 12-in. 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-78453 12-in. 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor LCS-78454 12-in. (33-1/3 rpm) 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-78455 12-in. 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-78456 12-in. 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor LCS-78457 12-in. (33-1/3 rpm) 11/18/1933 Symphony no. 1 Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CS-94641 12-in. 12/30/1935 Prelude in E flat Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Shostakovich, Dmitrii Dmitrievich," accessed October 19, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102618.

Shostakovich, Dmitrii Dmitrievich. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 19, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102618.

"Shostakovich, Dmitrii Dmitrievich." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 19 October 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102618

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