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Arnold Schoenberg

Arnold Schoenberg or Schönberg (, US also ; German: [ˈʃøːnbɛɐ̯k] (listen); 13 September 1874 – 13 July 1951) was an Austrian-born composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter. He is widely considered one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century. He was associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School. With the rise of the Nazi Party, Schoenberg's works were labeled degenerate music, because they were modernist and atonal. He emigrated to the United States in 1933, becoming an American citizen in 1941.

Schoenberg's approach, bοth in terms of harmony and development, has been one of the most influential of 20th-century musical thought. Many European and American composers from at least three generations have consciously extended his thinking, whereas others have passionately reacted against it.

Schoenberg was known early in his career for simultaneously extending the traditionally opposed German Romantic styles of Brahms and Wagner. Later, his name would come to personify innovations in atonality (although Schoenberg himself detested that term) that would become the most polemical feature of 20th-century art music. In the 1920s, Schoenberg developed the twelve-tone technique, an influential compositional method of manipulating an ordered series of all twelve notes in the chromatic scale. He also coined the term developing variation and was the first modern composer to embrace ways of developing motifs without resorting to the dominance of a centralized melodic idea.

Schoenberg was also an influential teacher of composition; his students included Alban Berg, Anton Webern, Hanns Eisler, Egon Wellesz, Nikos Skalkottas, Stefania Turkewich, and later John Cage, Lou Harrison, Earl Kim, Robert Gerhard, Leon Kirchner, Dika Newlin, and other prominent musicians. Many of Schoenberg's practices, including the formalization of compositional method and his habit of openly inviting audiences to think analytically, are echoed in avant-garde musical thought throughout the 20th century. His often polemical views of music history and aesthetics were crucial to many significant 20th-century musicologists and critics, including Theodor W. Adorno, Charles Rosen, and Carl Dahlhaus, as well as the pianists Artur Schnabel, Rudolf Serkin, Eduard Steuermann, and Glenn Gould.

Schoenberg's archival legacy is collected at the Arnold Schönberg Center in Vienna.

Birth and Death Data: Born September 13th, 1874 (Vienna), Died July 13th, 1951 (Los Angeles)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1932 - 1934

Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, arranger

Recordings (Results 1-25 of 50 records)

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor CSHQ-71674 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CSHQ-71675 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and tenor vocal solo composer  
Victor CSHQ-71676 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski ; Jeannette Vreeland Orchestra and soprano and tenor vocal solos composer  
Victor CSHQ-71677 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski ; Jeannette Vreeland Orchestra and soprano and tenor vocal solos composer  
Victor CSHQ-71678 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski ; Jeannette Vreeland Orchestra and soprano and tenor vocal solos composer  
Victor CSHQ-71679 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski ; Jeannette Vreeland Orchestra and soprano and tenor vocal solos composer  
Victor CSHQ-71680 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski ; Jeannette Vreeland Orchestra and soprano and tenor vocal solos composer  
Victor CSHQ-71681 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and tenor vocal solo composer  
Victor CSHQ-71682 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski ; Jeannette Vreeland Orchestra and soprano vocal solo composer  
Victor CSHQ-71683 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski ; Jeannette Vreeland Orchestra and soprano and tenor vocal solos composer  
Victor CSHQ-71684 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and tenor vocal solo composer  
Victor CSHQ-71685 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra composer  
Victor CSHQ-71686 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Rose Bampton ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and contralto vocal solo composer  
Victor CSHQ-71687 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Rose Bampton ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and contralto vocal solo composer  
Victor CSHQ-71688 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Rose Bampton ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and contralto vocal solo composer  
Victor CSHQ-71689 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and tenor vocal solo composer  
Victor CSHQ-71690 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Abrasha Robofsky ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and tenor and bass vocal solos composer  
Victor CSHQ-71691 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Fortnightly Club ; Mendelssohn Glee Club ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Princeton University Glee Club ; Abrasha Robofsky ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and bass vocal solo and male vocal chorus composer  
Victor CSHQ-71692 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Fortnightly Club ; Mendelssohn Glee Club ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Princeton University Glee Club ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and male vocal chorus composer  
Victor CSHQ-71693 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and tenor vocal solo composer  
Victor CSHQ-71694 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Robert Betts ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and tenor vocal solo composer  
Victor CSHQ-71695 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Robert Betts ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and tenor vocal solos composer  
Victor CSHQ-71696 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Paul Althouse ; Fortnightly Club ; Mendelssohn Glee Club ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Princeton University Glee Club ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and tenor vocal solo and male vocal chorus composer  
Victor CSHQ-71697 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Fortnightly Club ; Mendelssohn Glee Club ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Princeton University Glee Club ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and male vocal chorus composer  
Victor CSHQ-71698 12-in. 4/8/1932 Gurre-Lieder Benjamin De Loache ; Philadelphia Orchestra ; Leopold Stokowski Orchestra and recitation composer  
(Results 1-25 of 50 records)

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Schoenberg, Arnold," accessed February 24, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102726.

Schoenberg, Arnold. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved February 24, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102726.

"Schoenberg, Arnold." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 24 February 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102726

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