Clément Philibert Léo Delibes (French: [klemɑ̃ filibɛʁ leo dəlib]; 21 February 1836 – 16 January 1891) was a French composer, best known for his ballets and operas. His works include the ballets Coppélia (1870) and Sylvia (1876) and the opera Lakmé (1883).
Born into a musical family, Delibes enrolled at France's foremost music academy, the Conservatoire de Paris, when he was twelve, studying under several professors including Adolphe Adam. After composing light comic opérettes in the 1850s and 1860s, while also serving as a church organist, Delibes achieved public recognition for his music for the ballet La Source in 1866. His later ballets Coppélia and Sylvia were key works in the development of modern ballet, giving the music much greater importance than previously. He composed a small number of mélodies, some of which are still performed frequently.
Delibes had several attempts at writing more serious operas, and achieved a considerable critical and commercial success in 1883 with Lakmé. In his later years he joined the faculty of the Conservatoire, teaching composition. He died at his home in Paris at the age of 54. Coppélia and Sylvia remain core works in the international ballet repertoire, and Lakmé is revived from time to time in opera houses.
Birth and Death Data: Born February 21st, 1836 (La Flèche), Died Paris
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1900 - 1942
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, lyricist
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 169 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]557||7-in.||12/4/1900||Dôme épais||Rosalia Chalia ; Jane Frankel||Vocal duet (soprano and contralto)||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1399||7-in.||5/20/1902||Bonjour Suzon||Monsieur Fernand||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1399||10-in.||5/20/1902||Bonjour Suzon||Monsieur Fernand||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1441||7-in.||6/20/1902||Scherzo||Darius Lyons ; Sousa's Band||Piccolo solo, with band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1441||10-in.||6/20/1902||Sylva Scherzo||Darius Lyons ; Sousa's Band||Piccolo solo, with band||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix C-]31094||12-in.||1901-1902||Ballet selection from Sylvia||Sousa's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-428||10-in.||9/17/1903||Les filles de Cadiz||Lillian Blauvelt||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-973||10-in.||Jan. 1904||Bonjour Suzon||Monsieur Fernand||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||B-1805||10-in.||10/18/1904||Coppelia : Selections||Garde Républicaine Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-1816||10-in.||10/19/1904||Prelude and mazurka||Garde Républicaine Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-2206||10-in.||1/27/1905||Sylvia ballet - marche||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-2207||10-in.||1/27/1905||Sylvia ballet - valse lente||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-2311||12-in.||2/17/1905||Stances de Lakme||Marcel Journet||Bass vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-2414||10-in.||3/25/1905||Sylvia ballet : Pizzicato||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-2601||10-in.||6/6/1905||Les filles de Cadiz||Louise Homer||Contralto vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-2601||12-in.||6/6/1905||Les filles de Cadiz||Louise Homer||Contralto vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-3072||12-in.||1/31/1906||Naila intermezzo||Arthur Pryor's Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||C-4232||12-in.||2/1/1907||Bell song||Bessie Abott ; Victor Orchestra||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-4251||10-in.||2/15/1907||Coppelia valse||Victor Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-4517||10-in.||5/21/1907||Les filles de Cadiz||Louise Homer||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-4831||12-in.||9/24/1907||Où va la jeune Indoue?||Ellen Beach Yaw||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-6209||12-in.||5/20/1908||Dôme épais||Emma Eames ; Louise Homer||Vocal duet (soprano and contralto), with piano||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Delibes, Léo," accessed October 19, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102756.
Delibes, Léo. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 19, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102756.
"Delibes, Léo." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 19 October 2020.
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