Clément Philibert Léo Delibes (French: [klemɑ̃ filibɛʁ leo dəlib]; 21 February 1836 – 16 January 1891) was a French composer, best known for his ballets and operas. His works include the ballets Coppélia (1870) and Sylvia (1876) and the opera Lakmé (1883).
Born into a musical family, Delibes enrolled at France's foremost music academy, the Conservatoire de Paris, when he was twelve, studying under several professors including Adolphe Adam. After composing light comic opérettes in the 1850s and 1860s, while also serving as a church organist, Delibes achieved public recognition for his music for the ballet La Source in 1866. His later ballets Coppélia and Sylvia were key works in the development of modern ballet, giving the music much greater importance than previously. He composed a small number of mélodies, some of which are still performed frequently.
Delibes had several attempts at writing more serious operas, and achieved a considerable critical and commercial success in 1883 with Lakmé. In his later years he joined the faculty of the Conservatoire, teaching composition. He died at his home in Paris at the age of 54. Coppélia and Sylvia remain core works in the international ballet repertoire, and Lakmé is revived from time to time in opera houses.
Birth and Death Data: Born February 21st, 1836 (La Flèche), Died Paris
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1900 - 1942
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer, lyricist
Recordings (Results 151-169 of 169 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Edison||702||12-in.||approximately July 1911||Bell song||Melitta Heim||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||950||10-in.||3/4/1912||Entr'acte and waltz||Armand Vecsey Hungarian Orchestra||Instrumental ensemble||composer|
|Edison||2182||10-in.||Mar. 1913||Bell song||Ellen Beach Yaw||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||2452||10-in.||9/11/1913||Naila||Edison Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Edison||2455||10-in.||9/15/1913||Pizzicati||Edison Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Edison||2744||10-in.||Jan. 1914||Le roi l'a dit : Serenade||Charlotte Kirwan ; Matilda Staats||Vocal duet (soprano and contralto), with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||4861||10-in.||7/10/1916||Les filles de Cadix||Alice Verlet||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||4979||10-in.||9/11/1916||Ou va la jeune indoue||Yvonne de Tréville||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||6069||10-in.||Mar. 1918||Arioso||Pierre A. Asselin||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||6567||10-in.||1/15/1919||Dov'e l'indiana bruna||Consuelo Escobar de Castro||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||7201||10-in.||3/8/1920||Stances||Torcom Bézazian||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||11003||10-in.||5/25/1926||Fantaisie aux divins mensonges||José Mojica||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Edison||11104||10-in.||7/16/1926||Festival dance and waltz of the hours||American Concert Orchestra||Orchestra||composer|
|Gramophone||616i||12-in.||4/7/1908||Lakmé, akh, otchego potukhaet vzor tvoy "Nilakantha's aria" - (In Russian)||Fyodor Ivanovich Chaliapin||Bass vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Gramophone||1455½c||12-in.||May 1908||Aria delle campanelle||Maria Galvany||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Gramophone||2172f||12-in.||12/20/1907||Ou va la jeune hindoue||Luisa Tetrazzini||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Gramophone||5753h||10-in.||1908||Dans la forêt près de nous||Antonio Rocca ; Aline Vallandri||Vocal duet (soprano and tenor), with orchestra||composer|
|Gramophone||5933h||10-in.||1908||Pourquoi dans les grands bois||Alice Verlet||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Gramophone||5975h||10-in.||1908||Fantaisies aux divins mensonges||Antonio Rocca||Tenor vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Delibes, Léo," accessed October 26, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102756.
Delibes, Léo. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 26, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102756.
"Delibes, Léo." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 26 October 2020.
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