Baroness Carolina Oliphant Nairne
Carolina Oliphant, Lady Nairne (16 August 1766 – 26 October 1845) – also known as Carolina Baroness Nairn in the peerage of Scotland and Baroness Keith in that of the United Kingdom – was a Scottish songwriter. Many of her songs, such as, "Will ye no' come back again?", "Charlie is my Darling" and "The Rowan Tree" remain popular today, almost two hundred years after they were written. She usually set her words to traditional Scottish folk melodies, but sometimes contributed her own music.
Carolina Nairne and her contemporary Robert Burns were influenced by the Jacobite heritage in their establishment of a distinct Scottish identity, through what they both called national song. Perhaps in the belief that her work would not be taken seriously if it were known that she was a woman, Nairne went to considerable lengths to conceal her identity (even from her husband) when submitting her work for publication. Early on she called herself Mrs Bogan of Bogan, but feeling that gave too much away she often attributed her songs to the gender-neutral B.B., S.M., or "Unknown".
Although both working in the same genre of what might today be called traditional Scottish folksongs, Nairne and Burns display rather different attitudes in their compositions. Nairne tends to focus on an earlier romanticised version of the Scottish way of life, tinged with sadness for what is gone forever, whereas Burns displays an optimism about a better future to come.
Birth and Death Data: Born 1766, Died 1845
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1907 - 1924
Roles Represented in DAHR: lyricist
Notes: Also referred to as "Lady Nairne."
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Victor||B-4851||10-in.||10/1/1907||I'm wearing awa' to the land o' the leal||Gwilym Miles||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-10833||10-in.||7/25/1911||I'm wearing awa'||John Barnes Wells||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-19337||10-in.||3/5/1917||Wi' a hundred pipers||Farquhar Murray||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Victor||B-19522||10-in.||3/28/1917||I'm wearing awa' to the land of the leal||Julia Culp||Contralto vocal solo, with piano||lyricist|
|Victor||B-30237||10-in.||6/2/1924||I'm wearin' awa', Jean||Merle Alcock||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Columbia||19252||10-in.||3/8/1911||I'm wearing awa' to the land o' the leal||Mary Desmond||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Columbia||46238||10-in.||12/4/1915||I'm wearin' awa' to the land of the leal||Louis Graveure||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Columbia||36883||12-in.||ca. 1914||Will ye no come back again?||Margaret Woodrow Wilson||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Columbia||75161||12-in.||8/24/1922||Caller herrin'||Muriel Brunskill ; Albert W. Ketelbey||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Edison||2199||10-in.||Mar. 1913||Wearing awa' to the land||Carrie Bridewell||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Edison||2965||10-in.||Apr. 1914||I'm wearing awa'||Merle Tillotson||Female vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Edison||5653||10-in.||7/2/1917||The land o' the leal||Amy Ellerman||Contralto vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
|Edison||6939||10-in.||9/22/1919||Wi' a hundred pipers||Charles E. Gallagher||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||lyricist|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Nairne, Carolina Oliphant, Baroness," accessed October 18, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102785.
Nairne, Carolina Oliphant, Baroness. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 18, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102785.
"Nairne, Carolina Oliphant, Baroness." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 18 October 2021.
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