Luiz Gonzaga

Luiz Gonzaga do Nascimento, Sr. (standard orthography 'Luís'; Portuguese pronunciation: [luˈis ɡõˈzaɡɐ]; Exu, December 13, 1912 – Recife, August 2, 1989) was a Brazilian singer, songwriter, musician and poet and one of the most influential figures of Brazilian popular music in the twentieth century. He has been credited for having presented the rich universe of Northeastern musical genres to all of Brazil, having created the musical genre baião and has been called a "revolutionary" by Antônio Carlos Jobim. According to Caetano Veloso, he was the first significant cultural event with mass appeal in Brazil. Luiz Gonzaga received the Shell prize for Brazilian Popular Music in 1984 and was only the fourth artist to receive this prize after Pixinguinha, Antônio Carlos Jobim and Dorival Caymmi. The Luiz Gonzaga Dam was named in his honor.

Gonzaga's son, Luiz Gonzaga do Nascimento Jr, known as Gonzaguinha (1945–91), was also a noted Brazilian singer and composer.

Birth and Death Data: Born December 13th, 1912 (Exu), Died August 2nd, 1989 (Recife)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1932 - 1951

Roles Represented in DAHR: accordion, composer, vocalist

Notes: Name also appears as Luis Gonzaga.


Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Victor 65552 10-in. 7/15/1932 Sonho de mamãe Sônia Barreto Female vocal solo composer  
Victor S-078888 10-in. before 2/13/1951 Mangaratiba Luiz Gonzaga Male vocal solo, with instrumental ensemble vocalist, composer  
Victor S-078890 10-in. before 2/13/1951 Baião Luiz Gonzaga Male vocal solo, with vocal and instrumental ensemble vocalist, composer  


Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Gonzaga, Luiz," accessed September 22, 2021,

Gonzaga, Luiz. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved September 22, 2021, from

"Gonzaga, Luiz." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 22 September 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier



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