Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (Italian: [vinˈtʃɛntso salvaˈtoːre karˈmɛːlo franˈtʃesko belˈliːni] (listen); 3 November 1801 – 23 September 1835) was an Italian opera composer, who was known for his long-flowing melodic lines for which he was named "the Swan of Catania". Many years later, in 1898, Giuseppe Verdi "praised the broad curves of Bellini's melody: 'there are extremely long melodies as no-one else had ever made before'."
A large amount of what is known about Bellini's life and his activities comes from surviving letters—except for a short period—which were written over his lifetime to his friend Francesco Florimo, whom he had met as a fellow student in Naples and with whom he maintained a lifelong friendship. Other sources of information come from correspondence saved by other friends and business acquaintances.
Bellini was the quintessential composer of the Italian bel canto era of the early 19th century, and his work has been summed up by the London critic Tim Ashley as:
In considering which of his operas can be seen to be his greatest successes over the almost two hundred years since his death, Il pirata laid much of the groundwork in 1827, achieving very early recognition in comparison to Donizetti's having written thirty operas before his major 1830 triumph with Anna Bolena. Both I Capuleti ed i Montecchi at La Fenice in 1830 and La sonnambula in Milan in 1831 reached new triumphal heights, although initially Norma, given at La Scala in 1831 did not fare as well until later performances elsewhere. "The genuine triumph" of I puritani in January 1835 in Paris capped a significant career. Certainly, Il pirata, Capuleti, La sonnambula, Norma, and I puritani are regularly performed today.
After his initial success in Naples, most of the rest of his short life was spent outside of both Sicily and Naples, those years being followed with his living and composing in Milan and Northern Italy, and—after a visit to London—then came his final masterpiece in Paris, I puritani. Only nine months later, Bellini died in Puteaux, France at the age of 33.
Birth and Death Data: Born 1801 (Catania), Died Puteaux
Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1897 - 1933
Roles Represented in DAHR: composer
Recordings (Results 1-25 of 161 records)
|Company||Matrix No.||Size||First Recording Date||Title||Primary Performer||Description||Role||Audio|
|Berliner||305||7-in.||10/11/1898||Polacca||August P. Stengler||Clarinet solo||composer|
|Berliner||314||7-in.||Before Apr. 1899||Norma : Duet||George McNeice ; August P. Stengler||Clarinet duet||composer|
|Berliner||341||7-in.||Before Apr. 1899||La sonnambula||August P. Stengler||Clarinet solo||composer|
|Berliner||1112||7-in.||8/12/1897||Vi ravviso||Alberto Del Campo||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Berliner||1114||7-in.||6/6/1898||La sonnambula : Aria||Alberto Del Campo||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix A-]1342||7-in.||3/25/1902||Vi ravviso||Sig. Carlos Francisco||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix B-]1342||10-in.||3/25/1902||Vi ravviso||Sig. Carlos Francisco||Baritone vocal solo||composer|
|Victor||[Pre-matrix C-]2213||12-in.||1901-03||Norma overture||Victor Grand Concert Band||Band||composer|
|Victor||A-72||7-in.||6/10/1903||Ah! non giunge||Edith Helena||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-72||10-in.||6/10/1903||Ah! non giunge||Edith Helena||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||A-867||7-in.||12/21/1903||La sonnambula : Selections||Louis H. Christie||Clarinet solo||composer|
|Victor||B-867||10-in.||12/21/1903||La sonnambula : Selections||Louis H. Christie||Clarinet solo||composer|
|Victor||C-870||12-in.||12/23/1903||Il mulino, la fonte, il bosco ... Vi ravviso||Pol Plançon||Bass vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-877||10-in.||12/31/1903||Vi ravviso||Antonio Scotti||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-1453||10-in.||6/9/1904||Vi raviso||Sig. Carlos Francisco||Baritone vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||C-1846||12-in.||10/27/1904||Norma overture||Victor Grand Concert Band [i.e., Pryor's Band]||Band||composer|
|Victor||B-1902||10-in.||11/5/1904||Ah! non giunge||Marcella Sembrich||Soprano vocal solo, with piano||composer|
|Victor||B-2227||10-in.||2/8/1905||Ah! non giunge||Edith Helena||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-2227||12-in.||12/3/1908||Ah! non giunge||Edith Helena||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-3174||12-in.||3/9/1906||Vi ravviso, o luoghi ameni||Antonio Scotti ; Victor Orchestra||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-3174||10-in.||10/6/1909||Vi ravviso||Antonio Scotti||Baritone vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-3363||12-in.||5/5/1906||Ah! non giunge||Marcella Sembrich||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||B-4179||10-in.||1/17/1907||Fenesta che lucive||Vincente Barile||Male vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-4285||12-in.||3/6/1907||Suoni la tromba||Mario Ancona ; Marcel Journet||Vocal duet (baritone and bass), with orchestra||composer|
|Victor||C-4877||12-in.||10/11/1907||Casta diva||Marcella Sembrich||Soprano vocal solo, with orchestra||composer|
Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Bellini, Vincenzo," accessed October 22, 2020, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102890.
Bellini, Vincenzo. (2020). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved October 22, 2020, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102890.
"Bellini, Vincenzo." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2020. Web. 22 October 2020.
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