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Thomas A. Edison

Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman who has been described as America's greatest inventor. He developed many devices in fields such as electric power generation, mass communication, sound recording, and motion pictures. These inventions, which include the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb, have had a widespread impact on the modern industrialized world. He was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of organized science and teamwork to the process of invention, working with many researchers and employees. He established the first industrial research laboratory.

Edison was raised in the American Midwest; early in his career he worked as a telegraph operator, which inspired some of his earliest inventions. In 1876, he established his first laboratory facility in Menlo Park, New Jersey, where many of his early inventions were developed. He later established a botanic laboratory in Fort Myers, Florida in collaboration with businessmen Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone, and a laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey that featured the world's first film studio, the Black Maria. He was a prolific inventor, holding 1,093 US patents in his name, as well as patents in other countries. Edison married twice and fathered six children. He died in 1931 of the complications of diabetes.

Birth and Death Data: Born February 11th, 1847 (Milan), Died October 18th, 1931 (West Orange)

Date Range of DAHR Recordings: 1918 - 1929

Roles Represented in DAHR: speaker, performer

Recordings

Company Matrix No. Size First Recording Date Title Primary Performer Description Role Audio
Edison 6540 10-in. 12/30/1918 Let us not forget Thomas A. Edison Speech speaker  
Edison 7459 10-in. 7/23/1920 Mr. Edison's message in Morse to the telegraph fraternity Thomas A. Edison Morse code performer  
Edison 10068 10-in. approximately Sept.-Oct. 1924 Holiday greetings from the bunch at Orange Charles Edison ; Thomas A. Edison ; Walter Huebner ; Charlie Luhr ; Gene Philips ; John Shearman ; Charles Viley ; Sumner Williams Talk speaker  
Edison [None] 10-in. Jan. 1928 A personal message to the people of New Zealand by Thomas A. Edison, February 11, 1928 Thomas A. Edison Speech speaker  
Edison EXP-185 12-in. 1/11/1929 Experimental disc recording-185 (300 tpi) B. A. Rolfe Orchestra ; Ed Parker Quartet ; Edison Concert Band ; Thomas A. Edison ; Frieda Hempel ; Billy Murray ; Moriz Rosenthal Experimental dubbing speaker  

Citation

Discography of American Historical Recordings, s.v. "Edison, Thomas A.," accessed August 2, 2021, https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102920.

Edison, Thomas A.. (2021). In Discography of American Historical Recordings. Retrieved August 2, 2021, from https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102920.

"Edison, Thomas A.." Discography of American Historical Recordings. UC Santa Barbara Library, 2021. Web. 2 August 2021.

DAHR Persistent Identifier

URI: https://adp.library.ucsb.edu/names/102920

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